United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  20080, Wheat flour, whole-grain (Includes foods for USDA's Food Distribution Program)
Food Group: Cereal Grains and Pasta
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.78   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.59   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.83  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup 120 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 10.74 6 1.450 12.89
Proximates Energy kcal 340 -- -- 408
Proximates Energy kJ 1424 -- -- 1709
Proximates Protein 1 g 13.21 3 1.180 15.85
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 2.50 3 0.080 3.00
Proximates Ash 1 g 1.58 3 0.010 1.90
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 71.97 -- -- 86.36
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 3 g 10.7 7 0.200 12.8
Proximates Sugars, total 2 g 0.41 3 0.030 0.49
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 0.36 3 0.020 0.43
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2 g 0.00 3 -- 0.00
Proximates Fructose 2 g 0.05 3 0.005 0.06
Proximates Starch 1 g 57.77 3 1.010 69.32
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 34 3 1.000 41
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 3.60 3 0.150 4.32
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 137 3 8.000 164
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 357 3 3.000 428
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 363 3 12.000 436
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 2 3 0.000 2
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 2.60 3 0.000 3.12
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.410 3 0.012 0.492
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 4.067 3 0.376 4.880
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 4, 5, 6 µg 61.8 6 10.500 74.2
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 0.0 -- -- 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.502 3 0.018 0.602
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.165 3 0.002 0.198
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 4.957 3 0.231 5.948
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.603 3 0.015 0.724
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.407 3 0.023 0.488
Vitamins Folate, total µg 44 7 4.000 53
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 44 7 4.000 53
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 44 -- -- 53
Vitamins Choline, total 8 mg 31.2 -- -- 37.4
Vitamins Betaine 8 mg 72.8 2 -- 87.4
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 7 µg 5 1 -- 6
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 9 -- -- 11
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 7 µg 220 1 -- 264
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 0.71 3 0.050 0.85
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.23 3 0.010 0.28
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 1.91 3 0.130 2.29
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.30 3 0.010 0.36
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.03 3 0.007 0.04
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 9, 10 µg 1.9 2 -- 2.3
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.430 -- -- 0.516
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.410 3 0.015 0.492
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.020 3 0.000 0.024
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.283 -- -- 0.340
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.273 3 0.003 0.328
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.010 3 0.000 0.012
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 1.167 -- -- 1.400
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 1.093 3 0.035 1.312
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.073 3 0.003 0.088
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 21:5 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.174 -- -- 0.209
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.367 -- -- 0.440
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.443 -- -- 0.532
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.898 -- -- 1.078
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.359 -- -- 0.431
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.228 -- -- 0.274
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.275 -- -- 0.330
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.682 -- -- 0.818
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.275 -- -- 0.330
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.564 -- -- 0.677
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.648 -- -- 0.778
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.357 -- -- 0.428
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.489 -- -- 0.587
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.722 -- -- 0.866
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 4.328 -- -- 5.194
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.569 -- -- 0.683
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 2.075 -- -- 2.490
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.620 -- -- 0.744
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0
Isoflavones Daidzein 13 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 13 mg 0.01 1 -- 0.01
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 13 mg 0.02 1 -- 0.02
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 11, 12 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 11, 12 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 12 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 12 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 12 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9m , 2005  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Variability of the sugar content of foods , 1989  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 13x , 2009  Beltsville MD  
4V.C. Morris, O.A. Levander Selenium content of food , 1970 Journal of Nutrition 100 12   pp.1383-1388
5A.L. Moxon, D.L. Palmquist Selenium content of foods grown or sold in Ohio , 1980 Ohio Report 65 1  
6O.E. Olson, I.S. Palmer Selenium in foods purchased or produced in South Dakota , 1984 Journal of Food Science 49  
7I.M. Heinonen, V. Ollilainen, E. Linkola, P. Varo, P. Koivistoinen Carotenoids and Retinoids in Finnish Foods: Cereal and Bakery Products , 1989 Cereal Chemistry 66 4   pp.270-273
8Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Choline Study, Local pickup VPI, NFNAP , 2006  Beltsville MD  
9G. Ferland, D. MacDonald, J.A. Sadowski Development of a diet low in vitamin K (phylloquinone) , 1992 J. American Dietetic Assoc 92 5   pp.593-597
10T.J. Koivu, V. I. Piironen, P.H. Mattila Phylloquinone (Vitamin K) in Cereal Products , 1997 Cereal Chemistry 75 1   pp.1-6
11de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
12Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
13Liggins, J., Mulligan, A., Runswick, S., and Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of cereals. , 2002 Euro. J. Clin. Nutr. 56   pp.961-966
Langual Code(s)

  • A0149 MILLED GRAIN OR STARCH PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1290 2000 CEREAL GRAINS AND PASTA (USDA SR)
  • B1312 WHEAT
  • C0133 SEED, SKIN PRESENT, GERM PRESENT
  • E0106 FINELY GROUND
  • F0001 EXTENT OF HEAT TREATMENT NOT KNOWN
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0001 TREATMENT APPLIED NOT KNOWN
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION