United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Statistics Report:  20067, Sorghum grain
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 12.40 10 0.312 11.12 14.11 1.0 8.432 16.371 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Proximates Energy kcal 329 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Proximates Energy kJ 1377 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Proximates Protein 1 g 10.62 5 0.379 9.3 11.5 4.0 9.569 11.671 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 3.46 5 0.050 3.34 3.6 4.0 3.319 3.597 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Proximates Ash 1 g 1.43 5 0.072 1.21 1.67 4.0 1.229 1.63 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 72.09 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 3 a g 6.7 6 0.400 6 8.6 1.0 1.618 11.782 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Proximates Sugars, total g 2.53 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 13 5 0.875 11 15 4.0 10.491 15.349 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 3.36 5 0.192 2.67 3.81 4.0 2.827 3.893 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 4 mg 165 6 24.900 118 190 1.0 -151.284 481.484 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/2014
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 289 5 16.975 227 330 4.0 241.671 335.929 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 363 5 21.061 292 416 4.0 304.926 421.874 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 2 5 0.626 1 4 4.0 0.582 4.058 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 4 mg 1.67 6 0.125 1.54 2.26 1.0 0.077 3.253 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/2014
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.284 5 -- 0.21 0.37 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 4 mg 1.605 6 0.025 1.13 1.82 1.0 1.287 1.923 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/2014
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 12.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 12/2012
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 0.0 5 0.000 0 0 4.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.332 5 0.007 0.32 0.35 4.0 0.312 0.352 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.096 5 0.009 0.08 0.13 4.0 0.072 0.12 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 3.688 5 0.422 2.76 5.28 4.0 2.516 4.859 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.367 5 0.005 0.36 0.39 4.0 0.352 0.382 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 4 mg 0.443 6 0.147 0.23 0.59 1.0 -1.422 2.308 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/2014
Vitamins Folate, total 4 µg 20 1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 12/2012
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/2013
Vitamins Folate, food µg 20 1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 12/2012
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 20 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 02/2013
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/1989
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Retinol 1 µg 0 5 0.000 0 0 4.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/2009
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.610 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.001 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.002 4 0.000 0 0 3.0 0.002 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.001 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.543 5 0.014 0.51 0.58 4.0 0.504 0.582 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.002 5 0.000 0 0 4.0 0.002 0.003 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.052 5 0.002 0.05 0.06 4.0 0.047 0.057 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.004 3 0.000 0 0.01 2.0 0.003 0.006 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.008 5 0.000 0.01 0.01 4.0 0.007 0.009 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 1.131 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.016 5 0.001 0.01 0.02 4.0 0.012 0.019 1 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/2014
Lipids 16:1 t 1 g 0.002 4 0.000 0 0 3.0 0.001 0.003 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 1.101 5 0.036 1.03 1.23 4.0 1.001 1.201 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.011 5 0.000 0.01 0.01 4.0 0.01 0.012 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.003 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 1.558 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 1.493 5 0.014 1.45 1.53 4.0 1.453 1.533 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2014
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.065 5 0.005 0.05 0.08 4.0 0.051 0.08 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.005 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.005 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/2014
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.124 14 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.346 63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.433 63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Leucine g 1.491 65 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.229 69 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.169 64 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.127 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.546 63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.321 63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Valine g 0.561 53 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.355 64 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.246 63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Alanine g 1.033 62 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.743 62 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 2.439 62 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.346 62 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Proline g 0.852 62 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Amino Acids Serine g 0.462 60 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/1989
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 5, 6 mg 36.1 4 0.54 35.4 36.72 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 5, 6 mg 46.2 4 0.5 45.6 46.82 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 5, 6 mg 228.1 4 3.37 224 232.25 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 5, 6 mg 293.8 4 3.74 289.2 298.35 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 5, 6 mg 1346.3 4 31.83 1,307.3 1,385.26 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1United Sorghum Checkoff Program United Sorghum Checkoff Program composition data , 2014    
2N.J. NEUCERE, G. SUMRELL Chemical composition of different varieties of grain sorghum , 1980 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 28 1   pp.19-21
3National Grain Sorghum Producers Dietary fiber content of ground whole sorghum grain , 2005    
4S.O Serna-Saldivar Chemical COmposition of cereal grains , 2010 Cereal Grains    pp.81-108
5Awika, J.M., Dykes, L., Gu, L., Rooney, L.W., and Prior, R.L. Processing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and sorghum products alters procyanidin oligomer and polymer distribution and content , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.5516-5521
6Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617

Footnotes

a  Total dietary fiber value is for white sorghum. Total dietary fiber values for other types of sorghum range from 8.8 to 11.1 g/100g.