United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  20067, Sorghum grain
Food Group: Cereal Grains and Pasta
Scientific Name:  Sorghum spp.
Carbohydrate Factor: 4.03   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 0.91   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup 192 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 12.40 10 0.312 23.81
Proximates Energy kcal 329 -- -- 632
Proximates Energy kJ 1377 -- -- 2644
Proximates Protein 1 g 10.62 5 0.379 20.39
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 3.46 5 0.050 6.64
Proximates Ash 1 g 1.43 5 0.072 2.75
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 72.09 -- -- 138.41
Proximates Fiber, total dietary a 1, 3 g 6.7 6 0.400 12.9
Proximates Sugars, total g 2.53 -- -- 4.86
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 13 5 0.875 25
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 3.36 5 0.192 6.45
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 4 mg 165 6 24.900 317
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 289 5 16.975 555
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 363 5 21.061 697
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 2 5 0.626 4
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 4 mg 1.67 6 0.125 3.21
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.284 5 -- 0.545
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 4 mg 1.605 6 0.025 3.082
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 12.2 -- -- 23.4
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 0.0 5 0.000 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.332 5 0.007 0.637
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.096 5 0.009 0.184
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 3.688 5 0.422 7.081
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.367 5 0.005 0.705
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 4 mg 0.443 6 0.147 0.851
Vitamins Folate, total 4 µg 20 1 -- 38
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 20 1 -- 38
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 20 -- -- 38
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Retinol 1 µg 0 5 0.000 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.50 -- -- 0.96
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.610 -- -- 1.171
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.001 2 -- 0.002
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.002 4 0.000 0.004
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.001 2 -- 0.002
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.543 5 0.014 1.043
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.002 5 0.000 0.004
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.052 5 0.002 0.100
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.004 3 0.000 0.008
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.008 5 0.000 0.015
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 1.131 -- -- 2.172
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.016 5 0.001 0.031
Lipids 16:1 t 1 g 0.002 4 0.000 0.004
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 1.101 5 0.036 2.114
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.011 5 0.000 0.021
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.003 2 -- 0.006
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 1.558 -- -- 2.991
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 1.493 5 0.014 2.867
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.065 5 0.005 0.125
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.005 -- -- 0.010
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.005 -- -- 0.010
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.124 14 -- 0.238
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.346 63 -- 0.664
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.433 63 -- 0.831
Amino Acids Leucine g 1.491 65 -- 2.863
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.229 69 -- 0.440
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.169 64 -- 0.324
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.127 51 -- 0.244
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.546 63 -- 1.048
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.321 63 -- 0.616
Amino Acids Valine g 0.561 53 -- 1.077
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.355 64 -- 0.682
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.246 63 -- 0.472
Amino Acids Alanine g 1.033 62 -- 1.983
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.743 62 -- 1.427
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 2.439 62 -- 4.683
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.346 62 -- 0.664
Amino Acids Proline g 0.852 62 -- 1.636
Amino Acids Serine g 0.462 60 -- 0.887
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 5, 6 mg 36.1 4 0.54 69.2
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 5, 6 mg 46.2 4 0.5 88.7
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 5, 6 mg 228.1 4 3.37 438.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 5, 6 mg 293.8 4 3.74 564.1
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 5, 6 mg 1346.3 4 31.83 2584.9

Sources of Data

1United Sorghum Checkoff Program United Sorghum Checkoff Program composition data , 2014    
2N.J. NEUCERE, G. SUMRELL Chemical composition of different varieties of grain sorghum , 1980 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 28 1   pp.19-21
3National Grain Sorghum Producers Dietary fiber content of ground whole sorghum grain , 2005    
4S.O Serna-Saldivar Chemical COmposition of cereal grains , 2010 Cereal Grains    pp.81-108
5Awika, J.M., Dykes, L., Gu, L., Rooney, L.W., and Prior, R.L. Processing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and sorghum products alters procyanidin oligomer and polymer distribution and content , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.5516-5521
6Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617

Footnotes

a  Total dietary fiber value is for white sorghum. Total dietary fiber values for other types of sorghum range from 8.8 to 11.1 g/100g.