United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  20001, Amaranth grain, uncooked
Food Group: Cereal Grains and Pasta
Scientific Name:  Amaranthus spp.
Carbohydrate Factor: 4.07   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.47   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.85  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup 193 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 11.29 4 0.110 21.79
Proximates Energy kcal 371 -- -- 716
Proximates Energy kJ 1554 -- -- 2999
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 13.56 4 0.170 26.17
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 7.02 5 0.370 13.55
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 2.88 4 0.310 5.56
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 65.25 -- -- 125.93
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 5 g 6.7 5 0.008 12.9
Proximates Sugars, total 2 g 1.69 3 0.140 3.26
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 1.40 3 0.150 2.70
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2 g 0.27 3 0.010 0.52
Proximates Fructose 2 g 0.01 3 0.000 0.02
Proximates Lactose 2 g 0.00 3 0.000 0.00
Proximates Maltose 2 g 0.01 3 0.000 0.02
Proximates Galactose 2 g 0.00 3 0.000 0.00
Proximates Starch 2, 4 g 57.27 4 3.720 110.53
Minerals Calcium, Ca 2 mg 159 3 26.000 307
Minerals Iron, Fe 2 mg 7.61 3 0.830 14.69
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 2 mg 248 3 23.000 479
Minerals Phosphorus, P 2 mg 557 3 46.000 1075
Minerals Potassium, K 2 mg 508 3 17.000 980
Minerals Sodium, Na 2 mg 4 3 0.000 8
Minerals Zinc, Zn 2 mg 2.87 3 0.110 5.54
Minerals Copper, Cu 2 mg 0.525 3 0.065 1.013
Minerals Manganese, Mn 2 mg 3.333 3 0.281 6.433
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 18.7 3 13.900 36.1
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 4.2 1 -- 8.1
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.116 4 0.094 0.224
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.200 4 0.040 0.386
Vitamins Niacin 2 mg 0.923 3 0.020 1.781
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 2 mg 1.457 3 0.107 2.812
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 2 mg 0.591 3 0.040 1.141
Vitamins Folate, total 2 µg 82 3 14.000 158
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Folate, food 2 µg 82 3 14.000 158
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 82 -- -- 158
Vitamins Choline, total 2 mg 69.8 -- -- 134.7
Vitamins Betaine 2 mg 67.6 1 -- 130.5
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 2 µg 0 1 -- 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 2 µg 1 1 -- 2
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2 µg 0 1 -- 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2 µg 0 1 -- 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 2 IU 2 1 -- 4
Vitamins Lycopene 2 µg 0 1 -- 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2 µg 28 1 -- 54
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 2, 3, 6 mg 1.19 5 0.420 2.30
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 2, 3, 6 mg 0.96 5 0.480 1.85
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2, 3, 6 mg 0.19 5 0.110 0.37
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 2, 3, 6 mg 0.69 5 0.340 1.33
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 2, 3, 6 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 2, 6 mg 0.48 4 0.470 0.93
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 2, 3, 6 mg 0.29 5 0.290 0.56
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 2, 3, 6 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2 µg 0.0 1 -- 0.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 1.459 -- -- 2.816
Lipids 8:0 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 2 g 0.011 3 0.001 0.021
Lipids 15:0 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 2, 3 g 1.154 4 0.123 2.227
Lipids 17:0 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 2, 3 g 0.223 4 0.009 0.430
Lipids 20:0 2 g 0.052 3 0.003 0.100
Lipids 22:0 2 g 0.018 3 0.001 0.035
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 1.685 -- -- 3.252
Lipids 14:1 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 17:1 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 1.671 4 0.024 3.225
Lipids 20:1 2 g 0.014 3 0.001 0.027
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 2.778 -- -- 5.362
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 2.736 4 0.120 5.280
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.042 4 0.006 0.081
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 2 g 0.042 3 0.002 0.081
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 2 g 0.000 3 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 24 1 -- 46
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.181 10 -- 0.349
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.558 38 -- 1.077
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.582 38 -- 1.123
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.879 38 -- 1.696
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.747 38 -- 1.442
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.226 32 -- 0.436
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.191 28 -- 0.369
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.542 32 -- 1.046
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.329 32 -- 0.635
Amino Acids Valine g 0.679 38 -- 1.310
Amino Acids Arginine g 1.060 30 -- 2.046
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.389 32 -- 0.751
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.799 30 -- 1.542
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 1.261 30 -- 2.434
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 2.259 30 -- 4.360
Amino Acids Glycine g 1.636 32 -- 3.157
Amino Acids Proline g 0.698 28 -- 1.347
Amino Acids Serine g 1.148 32 -- 2.216
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0

Sources of Data

1A.S. Colmenares De Ruiz, R. Bressani Effect of germination on the chemical composition and nutritive value of amaranth grain , 1990 Cereal Chemistry 67 6   pp.519-522
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9o , 2005  Beltsville MD  
3John T. Budin, William M. Breene, Daniel H. Putnam Some compositional properties of seeds and oils of eight amaranthus species , 1996 Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 73 4   pp.475-481
4M.F. Marcone Starch properties of Amaranthus pumilus (seabeach amaranth): a threatened plant species with potential benefits for the breeding/amelioration of present Amaranthus cultivars , 2001 Food Chemistry 73   pp.61-66
5Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA University of Idaho Contract No. 53-3198-8-29 , 1989  Beltsville MD  
6J. Lehmann, Daniel H. Putnam, A.A. Qureshi Vitamin E isomers in grain amaranths (Amaranthus spp.) , 1994 Lipids. American Oil Chemists' Society 29 3   pp.177-181
Langual Code(s)

  • A0125 GRAIN OR STARCH PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1290 2000 CEREAL GRAINS AND PASTA (USDA SR)
  • B1717 AMARANTH
  • C0133 SEED, SKIN PRESENT, GERM PRESENT
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0001 EXTENT OF HEAT TREATMENT NOT KNOWN
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0116 DEHYDRATED OR DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION