United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  12036, Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dried
Food Group: Nut and Seed Products
Scientific Name:  Helianthus annuus
Carbohydrate Factor: 4.07   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.47   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.3  
Refuse: 46%   Refuse Description:   Hulls
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup, with hulls, edible yield 46 g

cup 140 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 4.73 5 0.250 2.18 6.62
Proximates Energy kcal 584 -- -- 269 818
Proximates Energy kJ 2445 -- -- 1125 3423
Proximates Protein 1 g 20.78 2 -- 9.56 29.09
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 51.46 2 -- 23.67 72.04
Proximates Ash 1 g 3.02 2 -- 1.39 4.23
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 20.00 -- -- 9.20 28.00
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2 g 8.6 5 1.800 4.0 12.0
Proximates Sugars, total g 2.62 -- -- 1.21 3.67
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 2.50 3 0.230 1.15 3.50
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 78 2 -- 36 109
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 5.25 2 -- 2.42 7.35
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 325 2 -- 150 455
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 660 2 -- 304 924
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 645 2 -- 297 903
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 9 2 -- 4 13
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 5.00 2 -- 2.30 7.00
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 1.800 2 -- 0.828 2.520
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 1.950 2 -- 0.897 2.730
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 3 µg 53.0 11 8.000 24.4 74.2
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 1.4 -- -- 0.6 2.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 1.480 2 -- 0.681 2.072
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.355 2 -- 0.163 0.497
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 8.335 2 -- 3.834 11.669
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 1.130 2 -- 0.520 1.582
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 1.345 2 -- 0.619 1.883
Vitamins Folate, total µg 227 -- -- 104 318
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 227 -- -- 104 318
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 227 -- -- 104 318
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 55.1 -- -- 25.3 77.1
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 35.4 2 -- 16.3 49.6
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 3 -- -- 1 4
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta µg 30 -- -- 14 42
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 50 -- -- 23 70
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 4, 5 mg 35.17 5 4.980 16.18 49.24
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 5 mg 1.18 4 0.120 0.54 1.65
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 5 mg 0.37 4 0.170 0.17 0.52
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 5 mg 0.02 4 0.010 0.01 0.03
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 4.455 -- -- 2.049 6.237
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.025 2 -- 0.012 0.035
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 2.210 2 -- 1.017 3.094
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.020 2 -- 0.009 0.028
Lipids 18:0 1 g 1.690 2 -- 0.777 2.366
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.115 2 -- 0.053 0.161
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.320 2 -- 0.147 0.448
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.075 2 -- 0.034 0.105
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 18.528 -- -- 8.523 25.939
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.020 2 -- 0.009 0.028
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.015 2 -- 0.007 0.021
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 18.380 2 -- 8.455 25.732
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.085 2 -- 0.039 0.119
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.029 2 -- 0.013 0.041
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 23.137 -- -- 10.643 32.392
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 23.050 2 -- 10.603 32.270
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.060 2 -- 0.028 0.084
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.014 2 -- 0.006 0.020
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.014 2 -- 0.006 0.020
Lipids 21:5 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 534 -- -- 246 748
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.348 25 -- 0.160 0.487
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.928 41 -- 0.427 1.299
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 1.139 41 -- 0.524 1.595
Amino Acids Leucine g 1.659 41 -- 0.763 2.323
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.937 44 -- 0.431 1.312
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.494 40 -- 0.227 0.692
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.451 26 -- 0.207 0.631
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 1.169 40 -- 0.538 1.637
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.666 31 -- 0.306 0.932
Amino Acids Valine g 1.315 41 -- 0.605 1.841
Amino Acids Arginine g 2.403 35 -- 1.105 3.364
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.632 35 -- 0.291 0.885
Amino Acids Alanine g 1.117 26 -- 0.514 1.564
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 2.446 26 -- 1.125 3.424
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 5.579 26 -- 2.566 7.811
Amino Acids Glycine g 1.461 26 -- 0.672 2.045
Amino Acids Proline g 1.182 25 -- 0.544 1.655
Amino Acids Serine g 1.075 26 -- 0.494 1.505
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Isoflavones Daidzein 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.01
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.01 3 0 0.00 0.01
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.02 3 0 0.01 0.03
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.01 3 0 0.00 0.01

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9p , 2005  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Investigation of the carbohydrate fraction of foods . . . raw, processed and prepared , 1985  Beltsville MD  
3O.E. Olson, I.S. Palmer Selenium in foods purchased or produced in South Dakota , 1984 Journal of Food Science 49  
4M.M. Delgado-Zamarreno, M. Bustamante-Rangel, A. Sanchez-Perez, J. Hernandez-Mendez Analysis of vitamin D isomers in seeds & nuts with & without coupled hydrolysis by liquid chromatography & coulometric detection , 2001 J. Chromatogr. A. 935   pp.77-86
5National Sunflower Association Phytochemicals in sunflower kernel (Helianthus annus L.) and selected tree nuts , 2001  Bismark ND  
6Mazur, W., Fotsis, T., W�h�l�, K., Ojala, S., Salakka, A. and Adlercreutz, H.   Isotope dilution gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the determination of isoflavonoids, coumestrol, and lignans in food samples. , 1996 Anal. Biochem. 233   pp.169-180
Langual Code(s)

  • A0305 SEED OR SEED PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1282 1200 NUT AND SEED PRODUCTS (USDA SR)
  • B1547 SUNFLOWER
  • C0132 SEED, SKIN REMOVED, GERM PRESENT
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0001 EXTENT OF HEAT TREATMENT NOT KNOWN
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0116 DEHYDRATED OR DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION