United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Statistics Report:  11458, Spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water g 91.21 19 0.222 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 23 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 12/2006
Proximates Energy kJ 96 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/2008
Proximates Protein g 2.97 16 0.158 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) g 0.26 16 0.045 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Proximates Ash g 1.81 16 0.097 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.75 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 02/2006
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 2.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Proximates Sugars, total g 0.43 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11457 12/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca mg 136 12 3.285 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 3.57 12 0.996 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg mg 87 12 4.795 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P mg 56 12 2.198 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Potassium, K mg 466 12 18.532 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 70 8 4.351 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Zinc, Zn mg 0.76 16 0.044 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.174 16 0.012 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn mg 0.935 15 0.061 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 1.5 5 0.300 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 1, 2 µg 37.8 20 16.290 20 70.3 2.0 -32.322 107.856 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 9.8 12 1.545 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Thiamin mg 0.095 12 0.004 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin mg 0.236 12 0.007 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.490 12 0.032 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid mg 0.145 12 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 mg 0.242 12 0.006 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Folate, total µg 146 3 13.229 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 146 3 13.229 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 146 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/2008
Vitamins Choline, total mg 19.7 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11464 12/2006
Vitamins Betaine mg 89.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11464 10/2008
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1984
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 524 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 3, 4 µg 6288 28 1002.379 4,130 9,480 5.0 3711.637 8865.029 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 4 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 4 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 10481 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Vitamins Lycopene 4 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 4 µg 11308 24 2650.977 5,300 20,300 4.0 3947.709 18668.291 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 2.08 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11457 12/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 493.6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11457 12/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.043 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/2008
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 14:0 g 0.006 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 16:0 g 0.033 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 18:0 g 0.003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.006 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/2008
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.109 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/2008
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.017 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.092 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/2008
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.040 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.127 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.152 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.231 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.182 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.055 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.035 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.134 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.113 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Valine g 0.168 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.168 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.066 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.147 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.250 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 0.357 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.140 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Proline g 0.116 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Amino Acids Serine g 0.107 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/2002
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/2002
Isoflavones Daidzein 5, 6 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 5, 6 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 6 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 5, 6 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Donald Taves Dietary Intake of Fluoride Ashed (total fluoride) v. Unashed (inorganic fluoride) Analysis of Individual Foods , 1983 British Journal of Nutrition 49   pp.295-301
2Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
3J P Sweeney, A C Marsh Effect of processing on provitamin A in vegetables , 1971 J Am Diet Assoc 59   pp.238-243
4F Khachik, M B Goli, G R Beecher, J Holden, W R Lusby, M D Tenoro, M R Barrera Effect of food preparation on qualitative and quantitative distribution of major carotenoid constituents of tomatoes and several green vegetables. , 1992 J. Agric Food Chem 40   pp.390-398
5Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A. Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725
6Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N. Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201