United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  12036, Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dried
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 4.73 5 0.250 4.36 5.54 1.0 1.49 7.97 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Energy kcal 584 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Proximates Energy kJ 2445 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Proximates Protein 1 g 20.78 2 -- 18.97 22.58 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 51.46 2 -- 48.47 54.46 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Ash 1 g 3.02 2 -- 3.01 3.04 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 20.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2 g 8.6 5 1.800 6.5 13.6 1.0 -15.3 32.5 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Sugars, total g 2.62 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 12537 05/01/2007
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 2.50 3 0.230 2.1 2.9 2.0 1.5 3.49 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 78 2 -- 69 87 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 5.25 2 -- 4.3 6.2 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 325 2 -- 320 330 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 660 2 -- 660 660 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 645 2 -- 640 650 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 9 2 -- 6 12 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 5.00 2 -- 4.8 5.2 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 1.800 2 -- 1.7 1.9 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 1.950 2 -- 1.7 2.2 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 3 µg 53.0 11 8.000 7.3 82.5 1.0 -49.3 155.2 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 1.4 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 09/01/1984
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 1.480 2 -- 1.36 1.6 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.355 2 -- 0.26 0.45 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 8.335 2 -- 6.77 9.9 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 1.130 2 -- 1.11 1.15 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 1.345 2 -- 1.31 1.38 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Folate, total µg 227 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 09/01/1984
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 227 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 227 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 55.1 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 35.4 2 -- 28.7 42.1 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/1984
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 3 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta µg 30 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 12538 02/01/2003
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 12538 02/01/2003
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 12538 02/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 50 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/1984
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 4, 5 mg 35.17 5 4.980 26.9 57.55 2.0 13.74 56.6 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 5 mg 1.18 4 0.120 0.82 1.32 1.0 -0.4 2.77 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 5 mg 0.37 4 0.170 0 1.09 1.0 -1.88 2.62 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 5 mg 0.02 4 0.010 0 0.06 1.0 -0.17 0.2 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 4.455 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.025 2 -- 0.02 0.03 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 16:0 1 g 2.210 2 -- 2.03 2.39 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.020 2 -- 0.02 0.02 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:0 1 g 1.690 2 -- 1.57 1.81 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.115 2 -- 0.1 0.13 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.320 2 -- 0.29 0.35 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.075 2 -- 0.07 0.08 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 18.528 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.020 2 -- 0.02 0.02 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.015 2 -- 0.01 0.02 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 18.380 2 -- 8.16 28.6 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.085 2 -- 0.07 0.1 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.029 2 -- 0.01 0.05 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 23.137 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 23.050 2 -- 15.8 30.3 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.060 2 -- 0.06 0.06 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.014 2 -- 0.01 0.02 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.014 2 -- 0.01 0.02 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 21:5 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/1984
Lipids Phytosterols mg 534 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.348 25 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.928 41 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 1.139 41 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Leucine g 1.659 41 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.937 44 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.494 40 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.451 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 1.169 40 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.666 31 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Valine g 1.315 41 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Arginine g 2.403 35 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.632 35 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Alanine g 1.117 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 2.446 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 5.579 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Glycine g 1.461 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Proline g 1.182 25 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Amino Acids Serine g 1.075 26 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Isoflavones Daidzein 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 6 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.01 3 0 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.02 3 0 0.02 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.01 3 0 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9p , 2005  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Investigation of the carbohydrate fraction of foods . . . raw, processed and prepared , 1985  Beltsville MD  
3O.E. Olson, I.S. Palmer Selenium in foods purchased or produced in South Dakota , 1984 Journal of Food Science 49  
4M.M. Delgado-Zamarreno, M. Bustamante-Rangel, A. Sanchez-Perez, J. Hernandez-Mendez Analysis of vitamin D isomers in seeds & nuts with & without coupled hydrolysis by liquid chromatography & coulometric detection , 2001 J. Chromatogr. A. 935   pp.77-86
5National Sunflower Association Phytochemicals in sunflower kernel (Helianthus annus L.) and selected tree nuts , 2001  Bismark ND  
6Mazur, W., Fotsis, T., W�h�l�, K., Ojala, S., Salakka, A. and Adlercreutz, H.   Isotope dilution gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the determination of isoflavonoids, coumestrol, and lignans in food samples. , 1996 Anal. Biochem. 233   pp.169-180