United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Statistics Report:  12006, Seeds, chia seeds, dried
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 5 g 5.80 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Energy kcal 486 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Energy kJ 2034 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 g 16.54 21 1.230 11.42 22.68 4.0 13.09 19.97 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 30.74 24 0.780 25.8 33.2 6.0 28.81 32.66 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Ash 5 g 4.80 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 42.12 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 8 g 34.4 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 5 mg 631 2 -- 590 673 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Minerals Iron, Fe 8 mg 7.72 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 8 mg 335 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 5, 8 mg 860 4 93.000 686 1,005 2.0 458.0 1261.0 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Potassium, K 5, 8 mg 407 3 246.000 160 653 1.0 -2724.0 3537.0 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Sodium, Na 5, 8 mg 16 3 3.000 13 19 1.0 -22.0 54.0 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Zinc, Zn 5, 8 mg 4.58 3 1.090 3.49 5.68 1.0 -9.36 18.52 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Copper, Cu 5, 8 mg 0.924 3 0.736 0.19 1.66 1.0 -8.425 10.273 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Manganese, Mn 5, 8 mg 2.723 3 0.557 2.17 3.28 1.0 -4.35 9.797 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 04/01/2011
Minerals Selenium, Se 8 µg 55.2 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 8 mg 1.6 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Thiamin 8 mg 0.620 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Riboflavin 8 mg 0.170 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Niacin 8 mg 8.830 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Folate, total 8 µg 49 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Folate, food µg 49 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/1984
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 8 IU 54 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 8 mg 0.50 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 3.330 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 14:0 5 g 0.030 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 15:0 5 g 0.030 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 16:0 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 2.170 24 0.079 1.81 2.54 6.0 1.976 2.364 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.063 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 18:0 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 0.912 24 0.031 0.68 1.54 6.0 0.837 0.987 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 20:0 1, 5 g 0.093 2 -- 0.09 0.1 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.032 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 2.309 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 14:1 5 g 0.030 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1, 3, 5 g 0.029 9 0.002 0 0.03 2.0 0.02 0.037 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 2.203 23 0.122 0.96 3.65 6.0 1.905 2.502 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 20:1 1, 5 g 0.046 2 -- 0.03 0.06 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 23.665 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 5.835 24 0.283 4.21 6.88 6.0 5.143 6.527 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c 8 g 5.835 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 17.830 24 0.722 14.93 21.37 6.0 16.064 19.597 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 8 g 17.830 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans 8 g 0.140 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical data from the literature, partial documentation -- 04/01/2011
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan 8 g 0.436 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Threonine 8 g 0.709 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Isoleucine 8 g 0.801 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Leucine 8 g 1.371 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Lysine 8 g 0.970 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Methionine 8 g 0.588 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Cystine 8 g 0.407 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 8 g 1.016 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Tyrosine 8 g 0.563 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Valine 8 g 0.950 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Arginine 8 g 2.143 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Histidine 8 g 0.531 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Alanine 8 g 1.044 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 8 g 1.689 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 8 g 3.500 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Glycine 8 g 0.943 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Proline 8 g 0.776 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011
Amino Acids Serine 8 g 1.049 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2011

Sources of Data

1R. Ayerza, Wayne Coates An omega-3 fatty acid enriched chia diet: Influence on egg fatty acid composition, cholesterol and oil content , 1999 Canadian Journal of Animal Science 79   pp.53-58
2R. Ayerza, Wayne Coates Some quality components of four chia (Salvia hispanica L.) genotypes grown under tropical coastal desert ecosystem conditions , 2009 Asian J Plant Sci 8 4   pp.301-307
3R. Ayerza, Wayne Coates Influence of environment on growing period and yield, protein, oil and a-linolenic content of three chia (Salvia hispanica L.) selections , 2009 Industrial Crops and Products 30   pp.321-324
4R. Ayerza, Wayne Coates Composition of chia (Salvia hispanica) grown in six tropical and subtropical ecosystems of South America , 2004 Tropical Science 44   pp.131-135
5Ministry of Public Health Analysis of Salvia hispanica chia seed , 2003    
6B. Heuer Effect of late salinization of chia (Salvia hispanica), stock (Matthiola tricuspidata) and evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) on their oil content and quality , 2002 Industrial Crops and Products 15   pp.163-167
7R. Ayerza, Wayne Coates Seed yield, oil content and fatty acid composition of three botanical sources of +-3 fatty acid planted in the Yungas ecosystem of tropical Argentina , 2008 Tropical Science 47 4   pp.183-187
8AZChia Personal communication with Wayne Coates, PhD of AZChia, professor emeritus at U Arizona , 2011