United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  09060, Carambola, (starfruit), raw
Food Group: Fruits and Fruit Juices
Scientific Name:  Averrhoa carambola
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 3%   Refuse Description:   Seeds and stem end
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup, cubes 132 g

cup, sliced 108 g

large (4-1/2" long) 124 g

medium (3-5/8" long) 91 g

small (3-1/8" long) 70 g
Proximates Water 1 g 91.38 4 0.680 120.62 98.69 113.31 83.16 63.97
Proximates Energy kcal 31 -- -- 41 33 38 28 22
Proximates Energy kJ 128 -- -- 169 138 159 116 90
Proximates Protein 1 g 1.04 4 0.120 1.37 1.12 1.29 0.95 0.73
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.33 4 0.130 0.44 0.36 0.41 0.30 0.23
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.52 4 0.060 0.69 0.56 0.64 0.47 0.36
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 6.73 -- -- 8.88 7.27 8.35 6.12 4.71
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1 g 2.8 4 0.300 3.7 3.0 3.5 2.5 2.0
Proximates Sugars, total g 3.98 -- -- 5.25 4.30 4.94 3.62 2.79
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2 mg 3 5 0.000 4 3 4 3 2
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2 mg 0.08 4 0.010 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.06
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2 mg 10 5 0.000 13 11 12 9 7
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 12 4 0.000 16 13 15 11 8
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2 mg 133 5 8.000 176 144 165 121 93
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2 mg 2 5 0.000 3 2 2 2 1
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2 mg 0.12 5 0.060 0.16 0.13 0.15 0.11 0.08
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2 mg 0.137 5 0.033 0.181 0.148 0.170 0.125 0.096
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2 mg 0.037 5 0.002 0.049 0.040 0.046 0.034 0.026
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.6 -- -- 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 34.4 4 6.100 45.4 37.2 42.7 31.3 24.1
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.014 4 0.004 0.018 0.015 0.017 0.013 0.010
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.016 4 0.003 0.021 0.017 0.020 0.015 0.011
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.367 4 0.078 0.484 0.396 0.455 0.334 0.257
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.391 4 0.040 0.516 0.422 0.485 0.356 0.274
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.017 4 0.006 0.022 0.018 0.021 0.015 0.012
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 12 4 2.000 16 13 15 11 8
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 12 4 2.000 16 13 15 11 8
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 12 -- -- 16 13 15 11 8
Vitamins Choline, total mg 7.6 -- -- 10.0 8.2 9.4 6.9 5.3
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1 µg 3 4 0.000 4 3 4 3 2
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 3 µg 25 4 24.000 33 27 31 23 18
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 3 µg 24 4 8.000 32 26 30 22 17
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 3 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1 IU 61 4 19.000 81 66 76 56 43
Vitamins Lycopene 4 µg 0 1 -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 4 µg 66 1 -- 87 71 82 60 46
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.15 -- -- 0.20 0.16 0.19 0.14 0.10
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.019 -- -- 0.025 0.021 0.024 0.017 0.013
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 g 0.011 -- -- 0.015 0.012 0.014 0.010 0.008
Lipids 18:0 g 0.008 -- -- 0.011 0.009 0.010 0.007 0.006
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.030 -- -- 0.040 0.032 0.037 0.027 0.021
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.030 -- -- 0.040 0.032 0.037 0.027 0.021
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.184 -- -- 0.243 0.199 0.228 0.167 0.129
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.157 -- -- 0.207 0.170 0.195 0.143 0.110
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.027 -- -- 0.036 0.029 0.033 0.025 0.019
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.008 -- -- 0.011 0.009 0.010 0.007 0.006
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.044 -- -- 0.058 0.048 0.055 0.040 0.031
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.044 -- -- 0.058 0.048 0.055 0.040 0.031
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.077 -- -- 0.102 0.083 0.095 0.070 0.054
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.077 -- -- 0.102 0.083 0.095 0.070 0.054
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.021 -- -- 0.028 0.023 0.026 0.019 0.015
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.037 -- -- 0.049 0.040 0.046 0.034 0.026
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.044 -- -- 0.058 0.048 0.055 0.040 0.031
Amino Acids Valine g 0.050 -- -- 0.066 0.054 0.062 0.045 0.035
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.021 -- -- 0.028 0.023 0.026 0.019 0.015
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.008 -- -- 0.011 0.009 0.010 0.007 0.006
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.071 -- -- 0.094 0.077 0.088 0.065 0.050
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.098 -- -- 0.129 0.106 0.122 0.089 0.069
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 0.148 -- -- 0.195 0.160 0.184 0.135 0.104
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.050 -- -- 0.066 0.054 0.062 0.045 0.035
Amino Acids Proline g 0.050 -- -- 0.066 0.054 0.062 0.045 0.035
Amino Acids Serine g 0.083 -- -- 0.110 0.090 0.103 0.076 0.058
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0

Sources of Data

1University of Georgia, KC Institute GA0001 Nutrient Analysis of Specialty Fruit Marketed in the United States , 1987    
2N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
3A Homnava, W Rogers, R R Eitenmiller Provitamin A activity of specialty fruit marketed in the United States. , 1990 J. Food Composition and Analysis 3   pp.119-133
4E-Siong Tee, Chin-Lam Lim Carotenoid composition and content of Malaysian vegetables and fruits by the AOAC and HPLC methods. , 1991 Food Chemistry 41   pp.309-339
Langual Code(s)

  • A0143 FRUIT OR FRUIT PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1279 0900 FRUITS AND FRUIT JUICES (USDA SR)
  • B1686 CARAMBOLA
  • C0139 FRUIT, PEEL PRESENT, CORE, PIT OR SEED REMOVED
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION