United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09004, Apples, raw, without skin
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 86.67 6 0.110 85.37 88.06 1.0 85.27 88.07 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 48 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Energy kJ 200 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Protein 1 g 0.27 4 0.050 0.22 0.37 1.0 -0.37 0.92 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.13 5 0.020 0.07 0.22 1.0 -0.03 0.29 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.17 4 0.020 0.13 0.21 1.0 -0.15 0.49 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 12.76 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1 g 1.3 4 0.090 1.1 1.5 1.0 0.3 2.1 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 10.10 4 1.050 8.88 11.9 1.0 -3.15 23.34 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.82 4 0.100 0.58 1.11 1.0 -0.21 1.84 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 3.25 4 0.540 2.22 4.45 1.0 -3.66 10.16 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Fructose 1 g 6.03 4 0.400 5.41 6.57 1.0 1.14 10.92 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 5 4 0.000 4 9 1.0 -- 10.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 0.07 163 0.004 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 4 4 0.000 4 6 1.0 2.0 6.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 11 4 0.000 10 13 1.0 1.0 21.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 90 4 7.000 80 102 1.0 9.0 171.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 0 85 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.05 4 0.009 0.04 0.09 1.0 -0.004 0.1 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.031 164 0.001 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.038 4 0.005 0.03 0.07 2.0 0.014 0.062 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09003 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 4.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.019 4 0.002 0.02 0.02 1.0 -0.009 0.046 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.028 4 0.008 0.01 0.04 1.0 -0.068 0.123 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.091 6 0.018 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.071 4 0.005 0.06 0.09 1.0 0.02 0.121 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.037 4 0.004 0.03 0.04 1.0 -0.007 0.082 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Vitamins Choline, total mg 3.4 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09003 12/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1 µg 2 4 0.000 1 2 1.0 1.0 2.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 17 4 0.000 11 18 1.0 5.0 28.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 13 4 0.000 9 14 2.0 9.0 15.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1 IU 38 4 1.000 28 42 1.0 27.0 49.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 18 4 0.000 14 19 1.0 13.0 21.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 2 mg 0.05 2 -- 0 0.09 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 2 mg 0.01 2 -- 0 0.01 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.6 4 0.045 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.013 1.1 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.021 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.037 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.031 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.007 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Threonine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Isoleucine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Leucine 3 g 0.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Lysine 3 g 0.013 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Methionine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Cystine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 3 g 0.007 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Tyrosine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Valine 3 g 0.012 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Arginine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Histidine 3 g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Alanine 3 g 0.012 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 3 g 0.074 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 3 g 0.026 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.009 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09003 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Proline 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Amino Acids Serine 3 g 0.011 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 4, 5 mg 2.2 6 1.34 0.6 8.9 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 5, 6, 7 mg 1.2 37 0.17 0 5.52 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 5, 6 mg 0.1 31 0.08 0 1.52 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 6.2 43 0.6 0 14.23 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0.02 0 0.48 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0.03 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 mg 1.1 39 0.16 0 2 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 11, 12, 13 mg 12.3 39 12.37 0 79.55 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 12 mg 6.5 4 1.03 5.44 7.88 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 12 mg 22.8 4 3.07 19.31 26.71 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 12 mg 18.9 4 3.04 15.27 22.51 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 12 mg 25.6 4 6.39 18.39 33.75 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5j , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Determination of the Tocopherol Content of Selected Foods , 1992  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5b , 2000  Beltsville MD  
4Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
5Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
6Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
7Tsao, R., Yang, R., Young, J.C., and Zhu, H. T  Polyphenolic profiles in eight apple cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.6347-6353
8Burda, S., Oleszek, W., and Lee, C. Y.  Phenolic compounds and their changes in apples during maturation and cold storage. , 1990 J. Agric. Food Chem. 38   pp.945-948
9Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
10van der Sluis, A.A., Dekker, M., de Jager, A., and Jongen, W.M.F. Activity and concentration of polyphenolic antioxidants in apple: Effect of cultivar, harvest year, and storage conditions. , 2001 J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 8   pp.3606-3613
11Burda, S., Oleszek, W., and Lee, C.Y. Phenolic compounds and their changes in apples during maturation and cold storage , 1990 J. Agric. Food Chem. 38   pp.945-948
12Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
13Tsao, R., Yang, R., Young, C., and Zhu, H. Polyphenolic profiles in eight apple cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.6347-6353
14Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331