United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  09004, Apples, raw, without skin
Food Group: Fruits and Fruit Juices
Scientific Name:  Malus domestica
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 23%   Refuse Description:   10% core and stem, 13% skin
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup slices 110 g

large (3-1/4" dia) 216 g

medium (3" dia) 161 g

small (2-3/4" dia) 132 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 86.67 6 0.110 95.34 187.21 139.54 114.40
Proximates Energy kcal 48 -- -- 53 104 77 63
Proximates Energy kJ 200 -- -- 220 432 322 264
Proximates Protein 1 g 0.27 4 0.050 0.30 0.58 0.43 0.36
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.13 5 0.020 0.14 0.28 0.21 0.17
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.17 4 0.020 0.19 0.37 0.27 0.22
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 12.76 -- -- 14.04 27.56 20.54 16.84
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1 g 1.3 4 0.090 1.4 2.8 2.1 1.7
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 10.10 4 1.050 11.11 21.82 16.26 13.33
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.82 4 0.100 0.90 1.77 1.32 1.08
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 3.25 4 0.540 3.58 7.02 5.23 4.29
Proximates Fructose 1 g 6.03 4 0.400 6.63 13.02 9.71 7.96
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 5 4 0.000 6 11 8 7
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 0.07 163 0.004 0.08 0.15 0.11 0.09
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 4 4 0.000 4 9 6 5
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 11 4 0.000 12 24 18 15
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 90 4 7.000 99 194 145 119
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 0 85 0.000 0 0 0 0
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.05 4 0.009 0.06 0.11 0.08 0.07
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.031 164 0.001 0.034 0.067 0.050 0.041
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.038 4 0.005 0.042 0.082 0.061 0.050
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 4.0 -- -- 4.4 8.6 6.4 5.3
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.019 4 0.002 0.021 0.041 0.031 0.025
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.028 4 0.008 0.031 0.060 0.045 0.037
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.091 6 0.018 0.100 0.197 0.147 0.120
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.071 4 0.005 0.078 0.153 0.114 0.094
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.037 4 0.004 0.041 0.080 0.060 0.049
Vitamins Folate, total µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Choline, total mg 3.4 -- -- 3.7 7.3 5.5 4.5
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1 µg 2 4 0.000 2 4 3 3
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 17 4 0.000 19 37 27 22
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 13 4 0.000 14 28 21 17
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1 IU 38 4 1.000 42 82 61 50
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 18 4 0.000 20 39 29 24
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 2 mg 0.05 2 -- 0.06 0.11 0.08 0.07
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 2 mg 0.01 2 -- 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 2 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.6 4 0.045 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.8
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.021 -- -- 0.023 0.045 0.034 0.028
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 -- -- 0.019 0.037 0.027 0.022
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- 0.002 0.004 0.003 0.003
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.005 -- -- 0.006 0.011 0.008 0.007
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.005 -- -- 0.006 0.011 0.008 0.007
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.037 -- -- 0.041 0.080 0.060 0.049
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.031 -- -- 0.034 0.067 0.050 0.041
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.007 -- -- 0.008 0.015 0.011 0.009
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.001
Amino Acids Threonine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0.007 0.013 0.010 0.008
Amino Acids Isoleucine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0.007 0.013 0.010 0.008
Amino Acids Leucine 3 g 0.014 -- -- 0.015 0.030 0.023 0.018
Amino Acids Lysine 3 g 0.013 -- -- 0.014 0.028 0.021 0.017
Amino Acids Methionine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.001
Amino Acids Cystine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.001
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 3 g 0.007 -- -- 0.008 0.015 0.011 0.009
Amino Acids Tyrosine 3 g 0.001 -- -- 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.001
Amino Acids Valine 3 g 0.012 -- -- 0.013 0.026 0.019 0.016
Amino Acids Arginine 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0.007 0.013 0.010 0.008
Amino Acids Histidine 3 g 0.005 -- -- 0.006 0.011 0.008 0.007
Amino Acids Alanine 3 g 0.012 -- -- 0.013 0.026 0.019 0.016
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 3 g 0.074 -- -- 0.081 0.160 0.119 0.098
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 3 g 0.026 -- -- 0.029 0.056 0.042 0.034
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.009 -- -- 0.010 0.019 0.014 0.012
Amino Acids Proline 3 g 0.006 -- -- 0.007 0.013 0.010 0.008
Amino Acids Serine 3 g 0.011 -- -- 0.012 0.024 0.018 0.015
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 4, 5 mg 2.2 6 1.34 2.4 4.7 3.5 2.9
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 5 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 5, 6, 7 mg 1.2 37 0.17 1.4 2.7 2.0 1.6
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 5, 6 mg 0.1 31 0.08 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 6.2 43 0.6 6.9 13.5 10.1 8.2
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0.02 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 5, 6 mg 0.0 31 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Naringenin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Kaempferol 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Myricetin 4, 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 mg 1.1 39 0.16 1.2 2.3 1.7 1.4
Isoflavones Daidzein 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 14 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 11, 12, 13 mg 12.3 39 12.37 13.5 26.5 19.8 16.2
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 12 mg 6.5 4 1.03 7.1 14.0 10.4 8.6
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 12 mg 22.8 4 3.07 25.0 49.1 36.6 30.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 12 mg 18.9 4 3.04 20.8 40.9 30.5 25.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 12 mg 25.6 4 6.39 28.1 55.2 41.2 33.8

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5j , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Determination of the Tocopherol Content of Selected Foods , 1992  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5b , 2000  Beltsville MD  
4Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
5Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
6Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
7Tsao, R., Yang, R., Young, J.C., and Zhu, H. T  Polyphenolic profiles in eight apple cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.6347-6353
8Burda, S., Oleszek, W., and Lee, C. Y.  Phenolic compounds and their changes in apples during maturation and cold storage. , 1990 J. Agric. Food Chem. 38   pp.945-948
9Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
10van der Sluis, A.A., Dekker, M., de Jager, A., and Jongen, W.M.F. Activity and concentration of polyphenolic antioxidants in apple: Effect of cultivar, harvest year, and storage conditions. , 2001 J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 8   pp.3606-3613
11Burda, S., Oleszek, W., and Lee, C.Y. Phenolic compounds and their changes in apples during maturation and cold storage , 1990 J. Agric. Food Chem. 38   pp.945-948
12Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
13Tsao, R., Yang, R., Young, C., and Zhu, H. Polyphenolic profiles in eight apple cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.6347-6353
14Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331
Langual Code(s)

  • A0143 FRUIT OR FRUIT PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1279 0900 FRUITS AND FRUIT JUICES (USDA SR)
  • B1245 APPLE
  • C0229 FRUIT, PEEL REMOVED, CORE, PIT OR SEED REMOVED
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION