United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  11257, Lettuce, red leaf, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Lactuca sativa var. crispa
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 20%   Refuse Description:   Core and damaged outer leaves
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 248 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup shredded 28 g

leaf inner 2.6 g

leaf outer 17 g

head 309 g

NLEA serving 85 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 237.19 8 0.170 26.78 2.49 16.26 295.53 81.29
Proximates Energy kcal 32 -- -- 4 0 2 40 11
Proximates Energy kJ 136 -- -- 15 1 9 170 47
Proximates Protein 1 g 3.30 8 0.020 0.37 0.03 0.23 4.11 1.13
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.55 8 0.030 0.06 0.01 0.04 0.68 0.19
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 1.36 8 0.020 0.15 0.01 0.09 1.70 0.47
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 5.60 -- -- 0.63 0.06 0.38 6.98 1.92
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2 g 2.2 4 0.200 0.3 0.0 0.2 2.8 0.8
Proximates Sugars, total g 1.19 4 0.050 0.13 0.01 0.08 1.48 0.41
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2 g 0.50 4 0.020 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.62 0.17
Proximates Fructose 2 g 0.69 4 0.020 0.08 0.01 0.05 0.87 0.24
Proximates Lactose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2 mg 82 8 2.000 9 1 6 102 28
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2 mg 2.98 8 0.300 0.34 0.03 0.20 3.71 1.02
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2 mg 30 8 1.000 3 0 2 37 10
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2 mg 69 8 2.000 8 1 5 87 24
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2 mg 464 8 15.000 52 5 32 578 159
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2 mg 62 8 3.000 7 1 4 77 21
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2 mg 0.50 8 0.020 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.62 0.17
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2 mg 0.069 8 0.004 0.008 0.001 0.005 0.087 0.024
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2 mg 0.503 8 0.019 0.057 0.005 0.035 0.627 0.173
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 3.7 4 0.900 0.4 0.0 0.3 4.6 1.3
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 9.2 8 0.600 1.0 0.1 0.6 11.4 3.1
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.159 8 0.003 0.018 0.002 0.011 0.198 0.054
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.191 8 0.002 0.022 0.002 0.013 0.238 0.065
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.796 8 0.009 0.090 0.008 0.055 0.992 0.273
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.357 8 0.008 0.040 0.004 0.024 0.445 0.122
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.248 8 0.019 0.028 0.003 0.017 0.309 0.085
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2 µg 89 8 2.000 10 1 6 111 31
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 89 8 2.000 10 1 6 111 31
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 89 -- -- 10 1 6 111 31
Vitamins Choline, total 2 mg 29.3 -- -- 3.3 0.3 2.0 36.5 10.0
Vitamins Betaine 2 mg 0.5 1 -- 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.2
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 930 -- -- 105 10 64 1159 319
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2 µg 11148 6 536.000 1259 117 764 13890 3821
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 18580 -- -- 2098 195 1274 23150 6368
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 4276 2 -- 483 45 293 5327 1465
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 0.37 4 0.050 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.46 0.13
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 0.60 4 0.050 0.07 0.01 0.04 0.74 0.20
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.02 4 0.007 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.01
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 347.9 8 16.000 39.3 3.6 23.9 433.5 119.3
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.069 -- -- 0.008 0.001 0.005 0.087 0.024
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 g 0.062 -- -- 0.007 0.001 0.004 0.077 0.021
Lipids 18:0 g 0.007 -- -- 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.009 0.003
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.022 -- -- 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.028 0.008
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.005 -- -- 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.006 0.002
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.015 -- -- 0.002 0.000 0.001 0.019 0.005
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.285 -- -- 0.032 0.003 0.020 0.355 0.098
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.084 -- -- 0.010 0.001 0.006 0.105 0.029
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.201 -- -- 0.023 0.002 0.014 0.250 0.069
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.055 -- -- 0.006 0.001 0.004 0.068 0.019
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.119 -- -- 0.013 0.001 0.008 0.148 0.041
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.094 -- -- 0.011 0.001 0.006 0.117 0.032
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.174 -- -- 0.020 0.002 0.012 0.216 0.060
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.112 -- -- 0.013 0.001 0.008 0.139 0.038
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.040 -- -- 0.004 0.000 0.003 0.049 0.014
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.022 -- -- 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.028 0.008
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.166 -- -- 0.019 0.002 0.011 0.207 0.057
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.072 -- -- 0.008 0.001 0.005 0.090 0.025
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.119 -- -- 0.013 0.001 0.008 0.148 0.041
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.102 -- -- 0.011 0.001 0.007 0.127 0.035
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.047 -- -- 0.005 0.000 0.003 0.059 0.016
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.126 -- -- 0.014 0.001 0.009 0.158 0.043
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.347 -- -- 0.039 0.004 0.024 0.433 0.119
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.384 -- -- 0.043 0.004 0.026 0.479 0.132
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.119 -- -- 0.013 0.001 0.008 0.148 0.041
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.094 -- -- 0.011 0.001 0.006 0.117 0.032
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.109 -- -- 0.012 0.001 0.007 0.136 0.037
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 3, 4, 5, 6 mg 7.8 24 1.08 0.9 0.1 0.5 9.7 2.7
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Naringenin 5 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 3, 5, 7 mg 0.0 22 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 3, 4, 5, 7 mg 2.4 24 0.36 0.3 0.0 0.2 2.9 0.8
Flavonols Kaempferol 3, 7 mg 0.0 14 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Flavonols Myricetin 5 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 mg 18.9 29 1.8 2.1 0.2 1.3 23.5 6.5
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 9, 10 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 9, 10 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 9, 10 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 9, 10 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 9, 10 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5h , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5a , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Arabbi, P. R., Genovese, M. I., and Lajolo, F. M.  Flavonoids in vegetable foods commonly consumed in Brazil and estimated ingestion by the Brazilian population. , 2004 J. Agric. Food Chem. 52 5   pp.1124-1131
4DuPont, M.S., Mondin, Z., Williamson, G., & Price, K.R.  Effect of variety, processing, and storage on the flavonoid glycoside content and composition of lettuce and endive. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48 9   pp.3957-3964
5Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
6Wu, X., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., Gebhardt, S. E., and Prior, R. L. Concentrations of anthocyanins in common foods in the United States and estimation of normal consumption. , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.4069-4075
7Young, J. E., Zhao, X., Carey, E. E., Welti, R., Yang, S-S., and Wang, W.  Phytochmical phenolics in organically grown vegetabes , 2005 Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 49   pp.1136-1142
8Nicolle, C., Carnat, A., Fraisse, D., Lamison, J-L., Rock, E., Michel, H., Amouroux, P., and Remesy, C.  Characterization and variation of antioxidant micronutrients in lettuce (Lactuca sativa folium). , 2004 J. Sci. Food Agric. 84   pp.2061-2069
9Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
10Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906