United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  11252, Lettuce, iceberg (includes crisphead types), raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Lactuca sativa var. capitata
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 5%   Refuse Description:   Core
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup shredded 72 g

cup, chopped (1/2" pieces, loosely packed) 57 g

head, large 755 g

head, medium (6" dia) 539 g

head, small 324 g

leaf, large 15 g

leaf, medium 8 g

leaf, small 5 g

NLEA Serving 89 g
Proximates Water 1, 2 g 95.64 44 0.110 68.86 54.51 722.08 515.50 309.87 14.35 7.65 4.78 85.12
Proximates Energy kcal 14 -- -- 10 8 106 75 45 2 1 1 12
Proximates Energy kJ 58 -- -- 42 33 438 313 188 9 5 3 52
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 0.90 23 0.030 0.65 0.51 6.79 4.85 2.92 0.14 0.07 0.04 0.80
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.14 30 0.010 0.10 0.08 1.06 0.75 0.45 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.12
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 0.36 23 0.010 0.26 0.21 2.72 1.94 1.17 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.32
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 2.97 -- -- 2.14 1.69 22.42 16.01 9.62 0.45 0.24 0.15 2.64
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2 g 1.2 14 0.052 0.9 0.7 9.1 6.5 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 1.1
Proximates Sugars, total 2 g 1.97 -- -- 1.42 1.12 14.87 10.62 6.38 0.30 0.16 0.10 1.75
Proximates Sucrose 2 g 0.05 8 0.010 0.04 0.03 0.38 0.27 0.16 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.04
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2 g 0.91 8 0.060 0.66 0.52 6.87 4.90 2.95 0.14 0.07 0.05 0.81
Proximates Fructose 2 g 1.00 8 0.060 0.72 0.57 7.55 5.39 3.24 0.15 0.08 0.05 0.89
Proximates Lactose 2 g 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 2 g 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 18 98 0.000 13 10 136 97 58 3 1 1 16
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.41 97 0.040 0.30 0.23 3.10 2.21 1.33 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.36
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 7 99 0.000 5 4 53 38 23 1 1 0 6
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 20 98 0.000 14 11 151 108 65 3 2 1 18
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 141 98 3.000 102 80 1065 760 457 21 11 7 125
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 10 91 0.000 7 6 76 54 32 2 1 0 9
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.15 93 0.004 0.11 0.09 1.13 0.81 0.49 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.13
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.025 86 0.002 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.125 89 0.004 0.090 0.071 0.944 0.674 0.405 0.019 0.010 0.006 0.111
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 µg 0.1 63 0.025 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 2.8 23 0.100 2.0 1.6 21.1 15.1 9.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 2.5
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.041 23 0.003 0.030 0.023 0.310 0.221 0.133 0.006 0.003 0.002 0.036
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.025 23 0.001 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.123 13 0.015 0.089 0.070 0.929 0.663 0.399 0.018 0.010 0.006 0.109
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.091 13 0.015 0.066 0.052 0.687 0.490 0.295 0.014 0.007 0.005 0.081
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.042 23 0.002 0.030 0.024 0.317 0.226 0.136 0.006 0.003 0.002 0.037
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2 µg 29 23 3.000 21 17 219 156 94 4 2 1 26
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 29 23 3.000 21 17 219 156 94 4 2 1 26
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 29 -- -- 21 17 219 156 94 4 2 1 26
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 6.7 -- -- 4.8 3.8 50.6 36.1 21.7 1.0 0.5 0.3 6.0
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.1 2 -- 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 25 -- -- 18 14 189 135 81 4 2 1 22
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 10, 11, 12 µg 299 53 4.000 215 170 2257 1612 969 45 24 15 266
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2, 10, 11 µg 4 51 0.000 3 2 30 22 13 1 0 0 4
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2, 10, 11 µg 0 51 0.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 502 -- -- 361 286 3790 2706 1626 75 40 25 447
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2, 11 µg 0 9 0.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2, 11 µg 277 9 25.000 199 158 2091 1493 897 42 22 14 247
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 0.18 13 0.010 0.13 0.10 1.36 0.97 0.58 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.16
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 13 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.09 13 0.010 0.06 0.05 0.68 0.49 0.29 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.08
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 13 0.002 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1, 2 mg 0.01 7 0.000 0.01 0.01 0.08 0.05 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 7 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.00 7 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 7 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 24.1 8 2.300 17.4 13.7 182.0 129.9 78.1 3.6 1.9 1.2 21.4
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.018 -- -- 0.013 0.010 0.136 0.097 0.058 0.003 0.001 0.001 0.016
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 g 0.016 -- -- 0.012 0.009 0.121 0.086 0.052 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.014
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- 0.001 0.001 0.015 0.011 0.006 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.002
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.006 -- -- 0.004 0.003 0.045 0.032 0.019 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.005
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.001 -- -- 0.001 0.001 0.008 0.005 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.004 -- -- 0.003 0.002 0.030 0.022 0.013 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.004
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.074 -- -- 0.053 0.042 0.559 0.399 0.240 0.011 0.006 0.004 0.066
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.021 -- -- 0.015 0.012 0.159 0.113 0.068 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.019
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.052 -- -- 0.037 0.030 0.393 0.280 0.168 0.008 0.004 0.003 0.046
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 10 -- -- 7 6 76 54 32 2 1 0 9
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0.006 0.005 0.068 0.049 0.029 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.008
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 2 g 0.025 -- -- 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 2 g 0.018 -- -- 0.013 0.010 0.136 0.097 0.058 0.003 0.001 0.001 0.016
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 2 g 0.025 -- -- 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 2 g 0.024 -- -- 0.017 0.014 0.181 0.129 0.078 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.021
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 2 g 0.005 -- -- 0.004 0.003 0.038 0.027 0.016 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.004
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 2 g 0.005 -- -- 0.004 0.003 0.038 0.027 0.016 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.004
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1, 2 g 0.023 -- -- 0.017 0.013 0.174 0.124 0.075 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.020
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 2 g 0.007 -- -- 0.005 0.004 0.053 0.038 0.023 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.006
Amino Acids Valine 1, 2 g 0.024 -- -- 0.017 0.014 0.181 0.129 0.078 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.021
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 2 g 0.015 -- -- 0.011 0.009 0.113 0.081 0.049 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.013
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0.006 0.005 0.068 0.049 0.029 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.008
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 2 g 0.025 -- -- 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 2 g 0.125 -- -- 0.090 0.071 0.944 0.674 0.405 0.019 0.010 0.006 0.111
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 2 g 0.194 -- -- 0.140 0.111 1.465 1.046 0.629 0.029 0.016 0.010 0.173
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 2 g 0.015 -- -- 0.011 0.009 0.113 0.081 0.049 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.013
Amino Acids Proline 1, 2 g 0.010 -- -- 0.007 0.006 0.075 0.054 0.032 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.009
Amino Acids Serine 1, 2 g 0.025 -- -- 0.018 0.014 0.189 0.135 0.081 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.022
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 13, 14 mg 0.0 11 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 14 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 14 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 14 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 14 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 14 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 14, 15 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 14, 15 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 14, 15 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 14, 15 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 14, 15 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 14, 15 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 14 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Naringenin 14 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 14, 16, 17, 18 mg 0.1 21 0.13 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Flavones Luteolin 13, 14, 16, 17, 18 mg 0.0 20 0.02 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Kaempferol 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.1 19 0.03 0.1 0.1 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Flavonols Myricetin 14, 16, 17, 18 mg 0.1 21 0.05 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Flavonols Quercetin 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 mg 1.4 37 0.18 1.0 0.8 10.7 7.7 4.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 1.3
Isoflavones Daidzein 24, 25 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 24, 25 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 24, 25 mg 0.00 3 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 22, 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 22, 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 22, 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 22, 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 22, 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5g , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 4f , 2000  Beltsville MD  
3Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1995    
4Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1996    
5Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1997    
6Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1991    
7Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1992    
8Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1993    
9Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1994    
10J L Bureau, R J Bushway HPLC determination of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables in the United States , 1986 J Food Sci 52   pp.128-130
11National Institutes of Health (NIH) Carotenoid analyses of U.S. foods, Food Composition Laboratory , 1997    
12Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Continued monitoring of the nutrient content of selected key foods, University of Georgia , 1993  Beltsville MD  
13DuPont, M.S., Mondin, Z., Williamson, G., & Price, K.R.  Effect of variety, processing, and storage on the flavonoid glycoside content and composition of lettuce and endive. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48 9   pp.3957-3964
14Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
15Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
16Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
17Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Katan, M. B.  Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.2379-2383
18Lugasi, A., and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin I. Vegetables , 2000 Acta Alimentaria 29   pp.345-352
19Bilyk, A., and Sapers, G. M.  Distribution of quercetin and kaempferol in lettuce, kale, chive, garlic chive, leek, horseradish, red radish, and red cabbage tissues. , 1985 J. Agric. Food Chem. 33   pp.226-228
20Crozier, A., Lean, M. E. J., McDonald, M. S., and Black, C.  Quantitative analysis of the flavonoid content of commercial tomatoes, onions, lettuce, and celery. , 1997 J. Agric. Food Chem. 45   pp.590-595
21Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Venema, D. P.  Optimization of a quantitative HPLC determination of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids in vegetables and fruits. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.1591-1598
22Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
23Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
24Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
25Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725
Langual Code(s)

  • A0152 VEGETABLE OR VEGETABLE PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1281 1100 VEGETABLES AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTS (USDA SR)
  • B1390 LETTUCE
  • C0151 HEAD (PLANT)
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION