United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  02033, Spices, poppy seed a 
Food Group: Spices and Herbs
Scientific Name:  Papaver somniferum
Carbohydrate Factor: 4.07   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.47   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.3  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
tsp 2.8 g

tbsp 8.8 g
Proximates Water 1, 3, 4 g 5.95 9 1.050 0.17 0.52
Proximates Energy kcal 525 -- -- 15 46
Proximates Energy kJ 2196 -- -- 61 193
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 17.99 2 -- 0.50 1.58
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 41.56 8 1.560 1.16 3.66
Proximates Ash 1, 3 g 6.37 8 0.680 0.18 0.56
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 28.13 -- -- 0.79 2.48
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2 g 19.5 1 -- 0.5 1.7
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 2.99 1 -- 0.08 0.26
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 2.33 1 -- 0.07 0.21
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.37 1 -- 0.01 0.03
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.29 1 -- 0.01 0.03
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 5 mg 1438 3 69.000 40 127
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 mg 9.76 11 0.910 0.27 0.86
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 3 mg 347 8 11.000 10 31
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 3, 5 mg 870 9 78.000 24 77
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 3, 5 mg 719 9 44.000 20 63
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3 mg 26 5 13.000 1 2
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 7.90 1 -- 0.22 0.70
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 3, 5, 6 mg 1.627 10 0.114 0.046 0.143
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 3, 5, 6 mg 6.707 10 0.320 0.188 0.590
Minerals Selenium, Se 1 µg 13.5 1 -- 0.4 1.2
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 1.0 2 -- 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.854 1 -- 0.024 0.075
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.100 1 -- 0.003 0.009
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.896 1 -- 0.025 0.079
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.324 1 -- 0.009 0.029
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 7 mg 0.247 3 0.123 0.007 0.022
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 82 1 -- 2 7
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 82 1 -- 2 7
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 82 -- -- 2 7
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 8.8 -- -- 0.2 0.8
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.9 1 -- 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 3 mg 1.77 8 0.470 0.05 0.16
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 3 mg 8.30 8 8.300 0.23 0.73
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 8.82 1 -- 0.25 0.78
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 3 mg 0.23 8 0.170 0.01 0.02
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.15 1 -- 0.00 0.01
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.13 1 -- 0.00 0.01
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 4.517 -- -- 0.126 0.397
Lipids 4:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.037 1 -- 0.001 0.003
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 13:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.077 1 -- 0.002 0.007
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 3.581 1 -- 0.100 0.315
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.782 1 -- 0.022 0.069
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.039 1 -- 0.001 0.003
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 5.982 -- -- 0.167 0.526
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.039 1 -- 0.001 0.003
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 5.864 -- -- 0.164 0.516
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 5.864 1 -- 0.164 0.516
Lipids 18:1 t 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.078 1 -- 0.002 0.007
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 28.569 -- -- 0.800 2.514
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 28.295 1 -- 0.792 2.490
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.273 -- -- 0.008 0.024
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.273 1 -- 0.008 0.024
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Lipids Stigmasterol 1 mg 7 1 -- 0 1
Lipids Campesterol 1 mg 29 1 -- 1 3
Lipids Beta-sitosterol 1 mg 109 1 -- 3 10
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.184 -- -- 0.005 0.016
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.686 -- -- 0.019 0.060
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.819 -- -- 0.023 0.072
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 1.321 -- -- 0.037 0.116
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.952 -- -- 0.027 0.084
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.502 -- -- 0.014 0.044
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.297 -- -- 0.008 0.026
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.758 -- -- 0.021 0.067
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.727 -- -- 0.020 0.064
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 1.095 -- -- 0.031 0.096
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 1.945 -- -- 0.054 0.171
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.471 -- -- 0.013 0.041
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.839 -- -- 0.023 0.074
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 2.365 -- -- 0.066 0.208
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 4.299 -- -- 0.120 0.378
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.952 -- -- 0.027 0.084
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 2.754 -- -- 0.077 0.242
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.952 -- -- 0.027 0.084
Amino Acids Hydroxyproline 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 8 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 8 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 8 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 8 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 8 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2McCormick & Company, Inc. Nutrient Analysis Reports for McCormick Spices and Herbs , 1993   MD  
3M. Ozcan, C. Atalay Determination of seed and oil properties of some poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) varieties , 2006 Grasas Y Aceites 57 2   pp.169-174
4Dawn Food Products Dawn Food Products, Fiber Analysis , 1990    
5M. Ozcan Determination of the mineral compositions of some selected oil-bearing seeds & kernels using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emmission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) , 2006 Grasas y Aceites 57 2  
6M. Soylak, M. Tuzen, I. Narin, H. Sari Comparison of microwave, dry and wet digestion procedures for the determination of trace metal contents in spice samples produced in Turkey , 2004 Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 12 3   pp.254-258
7S.W. Leonard, K. Hardin, J.E. Leklem Vitamin B-6 Content of Spices , 2001 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14   pp.163-167
8Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521

Footnotes
a  Other phytosterols = 38.4 mg/100g; these include delta 5-avenasterol (17.7), campestanol (2.6), and other minor phytosterols (18.1 mg).
Langual Code(s)

  • A0113 SPICE OR HERB (US CFR)
  • A1272 0200 SPICES AND HERBS (USDA SR)
  • B1515 POPPY
  • C0133 SEED, SKIN PRESENT, GERM PRESENT
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0117 HEAT DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION