United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  02030, Spices, pepper, black
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 12.46 6 0.480 11.4 13.82 2.0 10.37 14.54 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Energy kcal 251 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 1050 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 10.39 4 0.350 9.78 11.71 1.0 5.91 14.87 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Total lipid (fat) a g 3.26 198 0.160 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/1977
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3 g 4.49 6 0.580 3.4 6.9 2.0 1.96 7.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 63.95 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 3 g 25.3 6 1.600 20.2 33.7 2.0 18.0 32.4 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 0.64 2 -- 0.62 0.66 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.02 2 -- 0.02 0.02 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.24 2 -- 0.21 0.27 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.23 2 -- 0.21 0.25 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.15 2 -- 0.12 0.18 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3 mg 443 6 73.000 330 652 2.0 127.0 757.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2 mg 9.71 4 4.730 4.05 22.9 1.0 -48.18 67.6 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3 mg 171 6 17.000 143 238 2.0 94.0 247.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3 mg 158 6 8.000 123 176 2.0 122.0 194.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3 mg 1329 6 297.000 916 2,440 2.0 48.0 2609.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3 mg 20 5 2.000 15 29 2.0 8.0 32.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3 mg 1.19 6 0.200 0.82 1.8 2.0 0.29 2.08 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3 mg 1.330 6 0.263 0.79 1.85 2.0 0.198 2.462 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 3 mg 12.753 6 0.850 3.87 18.6 2.0 9.096 16.411 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 5 µg 4.9 3 0.100 1.1 8.4 1.0 3.3 6.3 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Minerals Fluoride, F 4 µg 34.2 8 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 3 mg 0.0 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.108 6 0.027 0.03 0.16 2.0 -0.01 0.227 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.180 4 0.033 0.12 0.24 1.0 -0.039 0.399 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2, 3 mg 1.143 5 0.175 0.59 1.61 2.0 0.392 1.894 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 1.399 5 0.053 0.84 1.84 2.0 1.078 1.72 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2, 3, 6 mg 0.291 8 0.049 0.11 0.45 3.0 0.134 0.448 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 3 µg 17 3 3.000 13 23 1.0 -32.0 67.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 17 3 3.000 13 23 1.0 -32.0 67.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 17 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 11.3 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 8.9 2 -- 4.2 13.6 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/1977
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 27 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2 µg 310 4 58.000 67 540 2.0 52.0 566.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2 µg 12 4 4.000 0 34 1.0 -48.0 73.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2 µg 25 4 18.000 1 85 1.0 -209.0 258.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 547 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2 µg 20 4 17.000 0 69 1.0 -177.0 217.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2 µg 454 4 20.000 167 721 1.0 316.0 591.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 1.04 2 -- 0.81 1.27 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 6.56 2 -- 6.43 6.7 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.85 2 -- 0 1.69 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 163.7 2 -- 126.8 200.6 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 1.392 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 4:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.012 2 -- 0 0.03 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.102 2 -- 0 0.25 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.036 2 -- 0 0.09 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.093 2 -- 0.11 0.12 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 13:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.030 2 -- 0 0.07 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.533 2 -- 0.57 0.74 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.327 2 -- 0.35 0.45 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.739 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.016 2 -- 0 0.04 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.077 2 -- 0.08 0.11 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.647 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 0.647 2 -- 0.73 0.85 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:1 t 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.998 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.694 2 -- 0.67 1.03 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.152 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.152 2 -- 0.13 0.24 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.152 2 -- 0.07 0.31 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 04/01/2010
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/1977
Lipids Phytosterols mg 92 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/1977
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.058 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.244 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.366 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 1.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.244 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.096 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.138 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.446 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.483 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.547 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.308 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.159 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.616 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.441 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.409 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Amino Acids Hydroxyproline 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/01/2010
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9p , 2005  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA University of Idaho Contract No. 53-3198-8-29 , 1989  Beltsville MD  
4Donald Taves Dietary Intake of Fluoride Ashed (total fluoride) v. Unashed (inorganic fluoride) Analysis of Individual Foods , 1983 British Journal of Nutrition 49   pp.295-301
5A.L. Moxon, D.L. Palmquist Selenium content of foods grown or sold in Ohio , 1980 Ohio Report 65 1  
6S.W. Leonard, K. Hardin, J.E. Leklem Vitamin B-6 Content of Spices , 2001 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14   pp.163-167
7Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521

Footnotes
a  Total proximates do not equal 100% because piperine was subtracted from lipid value.