United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  02030, Spices, pepper, black
Food Group: Spices and Herbs
Scientific Name:  Piper nigrum
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.2   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 1.83   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.35  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
tsp, ground 2.3 g

tbsp, ground 6.9 g

tsp, whole 2.9 g

dash 0.1 g
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 12.46 6 0.480 0.29 0.86 0.36 0.01
Proximates Energy kcal 251 -- -- 6 17 7 0
Proximates Energy kJ 1050 -- -- 24 72 30 1
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 10.39 4 0.350 0.24 0.72 0.30 0.01
Proximates Total lipid (fat) a g 3.26 198 0.160 0.07 0.22 0.09 0.00
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3 g 4.49 6 0.580 0.10 0.31 0.13 0.00
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 63.95 -- -- 1.47 4.41 1.85 0.06
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 3 g 25.3 6 1.600 0.6 1.7 0.7 0.0
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 0.64 2 -- 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.00
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.02 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.24 2 -- 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.00
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.23 2 -- 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.00
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.15 2 -- 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3 mg 443 6 73.000 10 31 13 0
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2 mg 9.71 4 4.730 0.22 0.67 0.28 0.01
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3 mg 171 6 17.000 4 12 5 0
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3 mg 158 6 8.000 4 11 5 0
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3 mg 1329 6 297.000 31 92 39 1
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3 mg 20 5 2.000 0 1 1 0
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3 mg 1.19 6 0.200 0.03 0.08 0.03 0.00
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3 mg 1.330 6 0.263 0.031 0.092 0.039 0.001
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 3 mg 12.753 6 0.850 0.293 0.880 0.370 0.013
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 5 µg 4.9 3 0.100 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0
Minerals Fluoride, F 4 µg 34.2 8 -- 0.8 2.4 1.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 3 mg 0.0 4 0.000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.108 6 0.027 0.002 0.007 0.003 0.000
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.180 4 0.033 0.004 0.012 0.005 0.000
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2, 3 mg 1.143 5 0.175 0.026 0.079 0.033 0.001
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 1.399 5 0.053 0.032 0.097 0.041 0.001
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2, 3, 6 mg 0.291 8 0.049 0.007 0.020 0.008 0.000
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 3 µg 17 3 3.000 0 1 0 0
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 17 3 3.000 0 1 0 0
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 17 -- -- 0 1 0 0
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 11.3 -- -- 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.0
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 8.9 2 -- 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 27 -- -- 1 2 1 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2 µg 310 4 58.000 7 21 9 0
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2 µg 12 4 4.000 0 1 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2 µg 25 4 18.000 1 2 1 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 547 -- -- 13 38 16 1
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2 µg 20 4 17.000 0 1 1 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2 µg 454 4 20.000 10 31 13 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 1.04 2 -- 0.02 0.07 0.03 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 6.56 2 -- 0.15 0.45 0.19 0.01
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.85 2 -- 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 163.7 2 -- 3.8 11.3 4.7 0.2
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 1.392 -- -- 0.032 0.096 0.040 0.001
Lipids 4:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.012 2 -- 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.102 2 -- 0.002 0.007 0.003 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.036 2 -- 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.093 2 -- 0.002 0.006 0.003 0.000
Lipids 13:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.030 2 -- 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.000
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.533 2 -- 0.012 0.037 0.015 0.001
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.327 2 -- 0.008 0.023 0.009 0.000
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.739 -- -- 0.017 0.051 0.021 0.001
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.016 2 -- 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.077 2 -- 0.002 0.005 0.002 0.000
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.647 -- -- 0.015 0.045 0.019 0.001
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 0.647 2 -- 0.015 0.045 0.019 0.001
Lipids 18:1 t 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.998 -- -- 0.023 0.069 0.029 0.001
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.694 2 -- 0.016 0.048 0.020 0.001
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.152 -- -- 0.003 0.010 0.004 0.000
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.152 2 -- 0.003 0.010 0.004 0.000
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.152 2 -- 0.003 0.010 0.004 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 92 -- -- 2 6 3 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.058 -- -- 0.001 0.004 0.002 0.000
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.244 -- -- 0.006 0.017 0.007 0.000
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.366 -- -- 0.008 0.025 0.011 0.000
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 1.014 -- -- 0.023 0.070 0.029 0.001
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.244 -- -- 0.006 0.017 0.007 0.000
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.096 -- -- 0.002 0.007 0.003 0.000
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.138 -- -- 0.003 0.010 0.004 0.000
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.446 -- -- 0.010 0.031 0.013 0.000
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.483 -- -- 0.011 0.033 0.014 0.000
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.547 -- -- 0.013 0.038 0.016 0.001
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.308 -- -- 0.007 0.021 0.009 0.000
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.159 -- -- 0.004 0.011 0.005 0.000
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.616 -- -- 0.014 0.043 0.018 0.001
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0.032 0.097 0.041 0.001
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0.032 0.097 0.041 0.001
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.441 -- -- 0.010 0.030 0.013 0.000
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 1.413 -- -- 0.032 0.097 0.041 0.001
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.409 -- -- 0.009 0.028 0.012 0.000
Amino Acids Hydroxyproline 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program, Wave 9p , 2005  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA University of Idaho Contract No. 53-3198-8-29 , 1989  Beltsville MD  
4Donald Taves Dietary Intake of Fluoride Ashed (total fluoride) v. Unashed (inorganic fluoride) Analysis of Individual Foods , 1983 British Journal of Nutrition 49   pp.295-301
5A.L. Moxon, D.L. Palmquist Selenium content of foods grown or sold in Ohio , 1980 Ohio Report 65 1  
6S.W. Leonard, K. Hardin, J.E. Leklem Vitamin B-6 Content of Spices , 2001 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14   pp.163-167
7Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521

Footnotes
a  Total proximates do not equal 100% because piperine was subtracted from lipid value.
Langual Code(s)

  • A0113 SPICE OR HERB (US CFR)
  • A1272 0200 SPICES AND HERBS (USDA SR)
  • B1191 PEPPER, BLACK
  • C0140 FRUIT, PEEL PRESENT, CORE, PIT OR SEED PRESENT
  • E0151 SOLID
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0141 NATURALLY DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION