United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  11233, Kale, raw
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1 g 89.63 5 0.240 88.81 90.23 4.0 88.93 90.31 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Energy kcal 35 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Energy kJ 148 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Protein 1 g 2.92 5 0.290 2.25 3.81 4.0 2.11 3.73 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 1.49 5 0.020 1.43 1.56 4.0 1.42 1.55 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Ash 1 g 1.54 5 0.080 1.26 1.75 4.0 1.31 1.77 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 4.42 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1 g 4.1 2 -- 4 4.2 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 0.99 2 -- 0.81 1.16 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.18 2 -- 0.18 0.18 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.40 2 -- 0.32 0.48 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.41 2 -- 0.31 0.5 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 254 5 14.000 203 281 4.0 215.0 293.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 1.60 5 0.510 0.77 3.61 4.0 0.17 3.01 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 33 5 3.000 28 46 4.0 23.0 41.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 55 5 2.000 47 62 4.0 47.0 62.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 348 5 14.000 301 389 4.0 308.0 387.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 53 5 21.000 16 107 4.0 -7.0 113.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.39 5 0.060 0.2 0.57 4.0 0.21 0.55 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.053 5 0.008 0.03 0.07 4.0 0.032 0.075 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.920 5 0.181 0.51 1.46 4.0 0.418 1.421 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.9 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 12/01/1997
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 93.4 5 3.500 84.4 104 4.0 83.6 103.2 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.113 3 0.017 0.08 0.13 2.0 0.042 0.185 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.347 3 0.044 0.28 0.43 2.0 0.157 0.536 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 1.180 3 0.207 0.93 1.59 2.0 0.291 2.069 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.370 2 -- 0.37 0.37 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.147 3 0.013 0.12 0.16 2.0 0.089 0.204 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 62 3 5.000 53 72 2.0 38.0 85.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 62 3 5.000 53 72 2.0 38.0 85.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 62 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Choline, total mg 0.5 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11234 10/01/2016
Vitamins Betaine mg 0.3 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11234 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 241 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 2873 3 499.000 2,155 3,833 2.0 726.0 5020.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 27 3 5.000 19 37 2.0 3.0 50.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 4812 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 6261 3 1211.000 4,459 8,565 2.0 1047.0 11473.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 0.66 3 0.080 0.5 0.75 2.0 0.31 1.01 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 0.14 3 0.030 0.09 0.2 2.0 0.006 0.28 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 389.6 3 16.200 368.9 421.6 2.0 319.7 459.5 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.178 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 12:0 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 14:0 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 16:0 g 0.158 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 18:0 g 0.006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.104 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.104 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.673 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 10/01/2016
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.291 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.378 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.003 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11235 10/01/2016
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2016
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.035 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.131 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.175 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.205 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.175 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.029 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.038 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.150 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.103 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Valine g 0.159 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.163 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.172 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.147 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.262 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 0.331 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.141 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Proline g 0.174 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Amino Acids Serine g 0.123 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2016
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/1996
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 05/01/2013
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 05/01/2013
Flavones Apigenin 2, 3, 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 2, 4 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Isorhamnetin 5 mg 23.6 3 0 23.6 23.6 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 46.8 18 5.56 0.48 90.5 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 2, 4 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 22.6 18 2.94 0 56.2 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 9 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 9 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 9 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 20a , 2015  Beltsville MD  
2Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Katan, M. B.  Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.2379-2383
3Huber, L. S., Hoffman-Ribani, R., and Rodriguez-Amaya, D. B.  Quantitative variation in Brazilian vegetable sources of flavonols and flavones. , 2009 Food Chemistry 113   pp.1278-1282
4Lugasi, A., and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin I. Vegetables , 2000 Acta Alimentaria 29   pp.345-352
5Huang, Z., Wang, B., Eaves, D. H., Shikany, J. M., and Pace, R. D. Phenolic compound profile of selected vegetables frequently consumed by African Americans in the southeast United States. , 2007 Food Chemistry 103   pp.1395-1402
6Bilyk, A., and Sapers, G. M.  Distribution of quercetin and kaempferol in lettuce, kale, chive, garlic chive, leek, horseradish, red radish, and red cabbage tissues. , 1985 J. Agric. Food Chem. 33   pp.226-228
7Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
8Olsen, H., Aaby, K., and Borge, G. I. Characterization and quantification of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids in culry kale (Brassica oleracea L. convar. Acephala var. sabellica) by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.2816-2825
9Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298