United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  11213, Endive, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Cichorium endivia
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 14%   Refuse Description:   Outer leaves and core
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup, chopped 25 g

head 513 g
Proximates Water g 93.79 24 0.254 23.45 481.14
Proximates Energy kcal 17 -- -- 4 87
Proximates Energy kJ 71 -- -- 18 364
Proximates Protein g 1.25 2 -- 0.31 6.41
Proximates Total lipid (fat) g 0.20 2 -- 0.05 1.03
Proximates Ash g 1.41 2 -- 0.35 7.23
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.35 -- -- 0.84 17.19
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 3.1 -- -- 0.8 15.9
Proximates Sugars, total g 0.25 -- -- 0.06 1.28
Minerals Calcium, Ca mg 52 4 5.780 13 267
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 0.83 4 0.239 0.21 4.26
Minerals Magnesium, Mg mg 15 4 5.530 4 77
Minerals Phosphorus, P mg 28 3 3.844 7 144
Minerals Potassium, K mg 314 18 22.487 78 1611
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 22 18 4.106 6 113
Minerals Zinc, Zn mg 0.79 2 -- 0.20 4.05
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.099 1 -- 0.025 0.508
Minerals Manganese, Mn mg 0.420 1 -- 0.105 2.155
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.2 -- -- 0.1 1.0
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 6.5 2 -- 1.6 33.3
Vitamins Thiamin mg 0.080 2 -- 0.020 0.410
Vitamins Riboflavin mg 0.075 2 -- 0.019 0.385
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.400 2 -- 0.100 2.052
Vitamins Pantothenic acid mg 0.900 -- -- 0.225 4.617
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 mg 0.020 -- -- 0.005 0.103
Vitamins Folate, total µg 142 6 13.409 36 728
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 142 6 13.409 36 728
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 142 -- -- 36 728
Vitamins Choline, total mg 16.8 -- -- 4.2 86.2
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 108 -- -- 27 554
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta µg 1300 -- -- 325 6669
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 2167 -- -- 542 11117
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.44 -- -- 0.11 2.26
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 231.0 -- -- 57.8 1185.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.048 -- -- 0.012 0.246
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.003 -- -- 0.001 0.015
Lipids 16:0 g 0.041 -- -- 0.010 0.210
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- 0.000 0.010
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.004 -- -- 0.001 0.021
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.004 -- -- 0.001 0.021
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.087 -- -- 0.022 0.446
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.075 -- -- 0.019 0.385
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.013 -- -- 0.003 0.067
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.005 5 -- 0.001 0.026
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.050 7 -- 0.013 0.257
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.072 7 -- 0.018 0.369
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.098 7 -- 0.025 0.503
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.063 7 -- 0.016 0.323
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.014 7 -- 0.004 0.072
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.010 3 -- 0.003 0.051
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.053 7 -- 0.013 0.272
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.040 3 -- 0.010 0.205
Amino Acids Valine g 0.063 7 -- 0.016 0.323
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.062 7 -- 0.015 0.318
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.023 7 -- 0.006 0.118
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.062 3 -- 0.015 0.318
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.130 3 -- 0.033 0.667
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 0.166 3 -- 0.042 0.852
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.058 3 -- 0.015 0.298
Amino Acids Proline g 0.059 3 -- 0.015 0.303
Amino Acids Serine g 0.049 3 -- 0.012 0.251
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 1 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 2 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 2 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Kaempferol 2, 3, 4 mg 10.1 14 1.88 2.5 51.8
Flavonols Myricetin 2 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 2 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0