United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  11135, Cauliflower, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Brassica oleracea (Botrytis Group)
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 61%   Refuse Description:   Leaf stalks, cores and trimmings
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup chopped (1/2" pieces) 107 g

floweret 13 g

head large (6-7" dia.) 840 g

head medium (5-6" dia.) 588 g

head small (4" dia.) 265 g
Proximates Water 1 g 92.07 36 0.241 98.51 11.97 773.39 541.37 243.99
Proximates Energy kcal 25 -- -- 27 3 210 147 66
Proximates Energy kJ 104 -- -- 111 14 874 612 276
Proximates Protein 1 g 1.92 4 0.039 2.05 0.25 16.13 11.29 5.09
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.28 21 0.020 0.30 0.04 2.35 1.65 0.74
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.76 19 0.052 0.81 0.10 6.38 4.47 2.01
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 4.97 -- -- 5.32 0.65 41.75 29.22 13.17
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1 g 2.0 4 0.117 2.1 0.3 16.8 11.8 5.3
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 1.91 4 0.094 2.04 0.25 16.04 11.23 5.06
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.94 4 0.050 1.01 0.12 7.90 5.53 2.49
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.97 4 0.044 1.04 0.13 8.15 5.70 2.57
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 22 23 1.002 24 3 185 129 58
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 0.42 23 0.024 0.45 0.05 3.53 2.47 1.11
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 15 22 0.426 16 2 126 88 40
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 44 22 1.173 47 6 370 259 117
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 299 24 10.621 320 39 2512 1758 792
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 30 37 2.626 32 4 252 176 80
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.27 19 0.009 0.29 0.04 2.27 1.59 0.72
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.039 19 0.003 0.042 0.005 0.328 0.229 0.103
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.155 19 0.005 0.166 0.020 1.302 0.911 0.411
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.6 1 -- 0.6 0.1 5.0 3.5 1.6
Minerals Fluoride, F 2 µg 1.0 9 -- 1.1 0.1 8.4 5.9 2.6
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 48.2 28 3.773 51.6 6.3 404.9 283.4 127.7
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.050 19 0.003 0.054 0.007 0.420 0.294 0.133
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.060 19 0.003 0.064 0.008 0.504 0.353 0.159
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.507 19 0.019 0.542 0.066 4.259 2.981 1.344
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.667 16 0.022 0.714 0.087 5.603 3.922 1.768
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.184 17 0.007 0.197 0.024 1.546 1.082 0.488
Vitamins Folate, total µg 57 27 5.290 61 7 479 335 151
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 57 27 5.290 61 7 479 335 151
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 57 -- -- 61 7 479 335 151
Vitamins Choline, total mg 44.3 -- -- 47.4 5.8 372.1 260.5 117.4
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 4 0.000 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 1 4 0.102 1 0 8 6 3
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.08 -- -- 0.09 0.01 0.67 0.47 0.21
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma mg 0.20 -- -- 0.21 0.03 1.68 1.18 0.53
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 15.5 18 0.256 16.6 2.0 130.2 91.1 41.1
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.130 -- -- 0.139 0.017 1.092 0.764 0.345
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.018 2 -- 0.019 0.002 0.151 0.106 0.048
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.002 2 -- 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.012 0.005
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.093 2 -- 0.100 0.012 0.781 0.547 0.246
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.001 2 -- 0.001 0.000 0.008 0.006 0.003
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.009 2 -- 0.010 0.001 0.076 0.053 0.024
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.003 2 -- 0.003 0.000 0.025 0.018 0.008
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.002 2 -- 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.012 0.005
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.002 2 -- 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.012 0.005
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.034 -- -- 0.036 0.004 0.286 0.200 0.090
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.002 2 -- 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.012 0.005
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.003 -- -- 0.003 0.000 0.025 0.018 0.008
Lipids 16:1 c 1 g 0.003 2 -- 0.003 0.000 0.025 0.018 0.008
Lipids 16:1 t 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.027 -- -- 0.029 0.004 0.227 0.159 0.072
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 0.027 2 -- 0.029 0.004 0.227 0.159 0.072
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 t 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.002 2 -- 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.012 0.005
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.031 -- -- 0.033 0.004 0.260 0.182 0.082
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.016 -- -- 0.017 0.002 0.134 0.094 0.042
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.013 2 -- 0.014 0.002 0.109 0.076 0.034
Lipids 18:2 CLAs 1 g 0.003 2 -- 0.003 0.000 0.025 0.018 0.008
Lipids 18:2 t not further defined 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.015 -- -- 0.016 0.002 0.126 0.088 0.040
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.015 2 -- 0.016 0.002 0.126 0.088 0.040
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 n-6 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 18 -- -- 19 2 151 106 48
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.020 -- -- 0.021 0.003 0.168 0.118 0.053
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.076 -- -- 0.081 0.010 0.638 0.447 0.201
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.071 -- -- 0.076 0.009 0.596 0.417 0.188
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.106 -- -- 0.113 0.014 0.890 0.623 0.281
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.217 -- -- 0.232 0.028 1.823 1.276 0.575
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.020 -- -- 0.021 0.003 0.168 0.118 0.053
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.020 -- -- 0.021 0.003 0.168 0.118 0.053
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.065 -- -- 0.070 0.008 0.546 0.382 0.172
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.051 -- -- 0.055 0.007 0.428 0.300 0.135
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.125 -- -- 0.134 0.016 1.050 0.735 0.331
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.086 -- -- 0.092 0.011 0.722 0.506 0.228
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.056 -- -- 0.060 0.007 0.470 0.329 0.148
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.116 -- -- 0.124 0.015 0.974 0.682 0.307
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.177 -- -- 0.189 0.023 1.487 1.041 0.469
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.257 -- -- 0.275 0.033 2.159 1.511 0.681
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.071 -- -- 0.076 0.009 0.596 0.417 0.188
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.071 -- -- 0.076 0.009 0.596 0.417 0.188
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.086 -- -- 0.092 0.011 0.722 0.506 0.228
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 4 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 5, 6, 7 mg 0.0 6 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1
Flavones Luteolin 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 0.1 9 0.04 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.5 0.2
Flavonols Kaempferol 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.4 10 0.14 0.4 0.0 3.0 2.1 1.0
Flavonols Myricetin 5, 6, 7 mg 0.0 6 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 mg 0.5 10 0.38 0.6 0.1 4.5 3.2 1.4
Isoflavones Daidzein 10 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 10 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 10 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 3 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 3 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 3 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 3 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 3 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 12a , 2007  Beltsville MD  
2Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
3Hellström, Törrönen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
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5Bahroun, T., Luximon-Ramma, A., Crozier, A., and Arouma, O. Total phenol, flavonoid, proanthocyanidin and vitamin C levels and antioxidant activities of Mauritian vegetables , 2004 J. Sci. Food Agric. 84   pp.1553-1561
6Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Katan, M. B. Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.2379-2383
7Lugasi, A., and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin I. Vegetables , 2000 Acta Alimentaria 29   pp.345-352
8Pellegrini, N., Chiavaro, E., Gardana, C., Mazzeo, T., Contino, D., Gallo, M., Riso, P., Fogliano, V., and Porrini, M. Effect of different cooking methods on color, phytochemical concentration, and antioxidant capacity of raw and frozen Brassica vegetables. , 2010 J. Agric. Food Chem. 58   pp.4310-4321
9Puupponen-Pimia, R., Hokkinen, S.T., Aarni, M., Suortti, T., Lampi, A-M., Eurola, M., Piironen, V., Nuutila, A M., and Oksman-Caldentey, K-M. Blanching and long-term freezing affect various bioactive compounds of vegetables in different ways. , 2003 J. Sci. Food Agric. 83   pp.1389-1402
10Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A. Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725