United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  11011, Asparagus, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Asparagus officinalis
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 47%   Refuse Description:   Butt ends
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup 134g

spear, small (5" long or less) 12g

spear, medium (5-1/4" to 7" long) 16g

spear, large (7-1/4" to 8-1/2") 20g

spear, extra large (8-3/4" to 10" long) 24g

spear tip (2" long or less) 3.5g
Proximates Water 1 g 93.22 1 -- 124.91 11.19 14.92 18.64 22.37 3.26
Proximates Energy kcal 20 -- -- 27 2 3 4 5 1
Proximates Energy kJ 85 -- -- 114 10 14 17 20 3
Proximates Protein 1 g 2.20 4 0.023 2.95 0.26 0.35 0.44 0.53 0.08
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.12 6 0.014 0.16 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.00
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.58 4 0.009 0.78 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.14 0.02
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.88 -- -- 5.20 0.47 0.62 0.78 0.93 0.14
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 2.1 4 -- 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.1
Proximates Sugars, total g 1.88 -- -- 2.52 0.23 0.30 0.38 0.45 0.07
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.23 5 0.193 0.31 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.01
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.65 6 0.105 0.87 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.16 0.02
Proximates Fructose 1 g 1.00 6 0.102 1.34 0.12 0.16 0.20 0.24 0.04
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose g 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 24 4 1.276 32 3 4 5 6 1
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 2.14 4 1.353 2.87 0.26 0.34 0.43 0.51 0.07
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 14 4 0.388 19 2 2 3 3 0
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 52 4 0.492 70 6 8 10 12 2
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 202 4 8.357 271 24 32 40 48 7
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 2 17 0.257 3 0 0 0 0 0
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.54 4 0.021 0.72 0.06 0.09 0.11 0.13 0.02
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.189 4 0.028 0.253 0.023 0.030 0.038 0.045 0.007
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.158 4 0.015 0.212 0.019 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.006
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 2.3 2 -- 3.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 5.6 4 0.210 7.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 0.2
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.143 4 0.016 0.192 0.017 0.023 0.029 0.034 0.005
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.141 4 0.007 0.189 0.017 0.023 0.028 0.034 0.005
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.978 4 0.034 1.311 0.117 0.156 0.196 0.235 0.034
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.274 4 0.020 0.367 0.033 0.044 0.055 0.066 0.010
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.091 4 0.009 0.122 0.011 0.015 0.018 0.022 0.003
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 52 4 6.390 70 6 8 10 12 2
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 52 4 6.390 70 6 8 10 12 2
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 52 -- -- 70 6 8 10 12 2
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 16.0 -- -- 21.4 1.9 2.6 3.2 3.8 0.6
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.6 1 -- 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 38 -- -- 51 5 6 8 9 1
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 2, 3 µg 449 6 76.317 602 54 72 90 108 16
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3 µg 9 6 5.026 12 1 1 2 2 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2 µg 0 27 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 756 -- -- 1013 91 121 151 181 26
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 710 -- -- 951 85 114 142 170 25
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 1.13 2 -- 1.51 0.14 0.18 0.23 0.27 0.04
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma mg 0.09 2 -- 0.12 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 41.6 4 2.704 55.7 5.0 6.7 8.3 10.0 1.5
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.040 -- -- 0.054 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.001
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.040 1 -- 0.054 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.001
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.050 -- -- 0.067 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.002
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.040 1 -- 0.054 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.001
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.010 1 -- 0.013 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.000
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 24 1 -- 32 3 4 5 6 1
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.027 -- -- 0.036 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.001
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.084 -- -- 0.113 0.010 0.013 0.017 0.020 0.003
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.075 -- -- 0.100 0.009 0.012 0.015 0.018 0.003
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.128 -- -- 0.172 0.015 0.020 0.026 0.031 0.004
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.104 -- -- 0.139 0.012 0.017 0.021 0.025 0.004
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.031 -- -- 0.042 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.001
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.031 -- -- 0.042 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.001
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.075 -- -- 0.100 0.009 0.012 0.015 0.018 0.003
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.052 -- -- 0.070 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.002
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.115 -- -- 0.154 0.014 0.018 0.023 0.028 0.004
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.091 -- -- 0.122 0.011 0.015 0.018 0.022 0.003
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.049 -- -- 0.066 0.006 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.002
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.115 -- -- 0.154 0.014 0.018 0.023 0.028 0.004
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.508 -- -- 0.681 0.061 0.081 0.102 0.122 0.018
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.233 -- -- 0.312 0.028 0.037 0.047 0.056 0.008
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.093 -- -- 0.125 0.011 0.015 0.019 0.022 0.003
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.071 -- -- 0.095 0.009 0.011 0.014 0.017 0.002
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.106 -- -- 0.142 0.013 0.017 0.021 0.025 0.004
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flavonols Isorhamnetin 4 mg 5.7 10 0.91 7.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.2
Flavonols Kaempferol 4, 5 mg 1.4 11 0.44 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0
Flavonols Myricetin 5 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 14.0 36 0.91 18.7 1.7 2.2 2.8 3.4 0.5
Isoflavones Daidzein 9, 10 mg 0.03 2 -- 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 9, 10 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 9, 10 mg 0.03 2 -- 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.05 1 -- 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2J L Bureau, R J Bushway HPLC determination of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables in the United States , 1986 J Food Sci 52   pp.128-130
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5Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J. Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
6Fanasca, S., Rouphael, Y., Venneria, E., Azzini, E., Duazzo, A., and Maiani, G. Antioxidant properties of raw and cooked spears of green asparagus cultivars. , 2009 Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 44   pp.1017-1023
7Makris, D.P. and Rossiter, J.T. Domestic processing of onion bulbs (Allium cepa) and asparagus spears (Asparagus officinalis): Effect on flavonol content and antioxidant status , 2001 J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 7   pp.3216-3222
8Sakakibara, H., Honda, Y., Nakagawa, S., Ashida, H., and Kanazawa, K. Simultaneous determination of all polyphenols in vegetables, fruits, and teas , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51 3   pp.571-581
9Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M. Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
10Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A. Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725