United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  02031, Spices, pepper, red or cayenne
Food Group: Spices and Herbs
Scientific Name:  Capsicum frutescens or Capsicum annuum
Carbohydrate Factor: 2.35   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
tsp 1.8 g

tbsp 5.3 g
Proximates Water g 8.05 121 0.295 0.14 0.43
Proximates Energy kcal 318 -- -- 6 17
Proximates Energy kJ 1331 -- -- 24 71
Proximates Protein g 12.01 77 0.320 0.22 0.64
Proximates Total lipid (fat) g 17.27 171 0.501 0.31 0.92
Proximates Ash g 6.04 385 0.101 0.11 0.32
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 56.63 -- -- 1.02 3.00
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 27.2 -- -- 0.5 1.4
Proximates Sugars, total g 10.34 -- -- 0.19 0.55
Minerals Calcium, Ca mg 148 50 8.224 3 8
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 7.80 31 0.620 0.14 0.41
Minerals Magnesium, Mg mg 152 4 10.942 3 8
Minerals Phosphorus, P mg 293 51 10.373 5 16
Minerals Potassium, K mg 2014 8 128.117 36 107
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 30 5 8.367 1 2
Minerals Zinc, Zn mg 2.48 4 0.614 0.04 0.13
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.373 -- -- 0.007 0.020
Minerals Manganese, Mn mg 2.000 -- -- 0.036 0.106
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 8.8 2 -- 0.2 0.5
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 76.4 40 11.427 1.4 4.0
Vitamins Thiamin mg 0.328 34 0.033 0.006 0.017
Vitamins Riboflavin mg 0.919 34 0.093 0.017 0.049
Vitamins Niacin mg 8.701 29 0.735 0.157 0.461
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 2.450 2 -- 0.044 0.130
Vitamins Folate, total µg 106 -- -- 2 6
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 106 -- -- 2 6
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 106 -- -- 2 6
Vitamins Choline, total mg 51.5 -- -- 0.9 2.7
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 2081 2 -- 37 110
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta µg 21840 -- -- 393 1158
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 6252 -- -- 113 331
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 41610 2 -- 749 2205
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 13157 -- -- 237 697
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 29.83 -- -- 0.54 1.58
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 80.3 -- -- 1.4 4.3
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 3.260 -- -- 0.059 0.173
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.030 1 -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 12:0 g 0.030 1 -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 14:0 g 0.090 1 -- 0.002 0.005
Lipids 16:0 g 2.360 1 -- 0.042 0.125
Lipids 18:0 g 0.490 1 -- 0.009 0.026
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 2.750 -- -- 0.050 0.146
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.240 1 -- 0.004 0.013
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 2.510 1 -- 0.045 0.133
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 8.370 -- -- 0.151 0.444
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 7.710 1 -- 0.139 0.409
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.660 1 -- 0.012 0.035
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 83 -- -- 1 4
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0

Sources of Data

1S.W. Leonard, K. Hardin, J.E. Leklem Vitamin B-6 Content of Spices , 2001 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14   pp.163-167

Langual Code(s)

  • A0113 SPICE OR HERB (US CFR)
  • A1272 0200 SPICES AND HERBS (USDA SR)
  • B1643 HOT PEPPER
  • C0140 FRUIT, PEEL PRESENT, CORE, PIT OR SEED PRESENT
  • E0106 FINELY GROUND
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0141 NATURALLY DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION