United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  02011, Spices, cloves, ground
Food Group: Spices and Herbs
Scientific Name:  Syzygium aromaticum
Carbohydrate Factor: 2.35   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 1.82   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
tsp 2.1 g

tbsp 6.5 g
Proximates Water 2, 3 g 9.87 3 2.968 0.21 0.64
Proximates Energy kcal 274 -- -- 6 18
Proximates Energy kJ 1145 -- -- 24 74
Proximates Protein 1 g 5.97 1 -- 0.13 0.39
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 13.00 1 -- 0.27 0.84
Proximates Ash 1 g 5.63 1 -- 0.12 0.37
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 65.53 -- -- 1.38 4.26
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2 g 33.9 2 -- 0.7 2.2
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 2.38 1 -- 0.05 0.15
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.02 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 1.14 1 -- 0.02 0.07
Proximates Fructose 1 g 1.07 1 -- 0.02 0.07
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.15 1 -- 0.00 0.01
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 632 1 -- 13 41
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 4, 5 mg 11.83 3 7.857 0.25 0.77
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 259 1 -- 5 17
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 104 1 -- 2 7
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 1020 1 -- 21 66
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 4 mg 277 2 -- 6 18
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 4, 5 mg 2.32 3 0.474 0.05 0.15
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 4 mg 0.368 2 -- 0.008 0.024
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 5 mg 60.127 2 -- 1.263 3.908
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 4 µg 7.2 2 -- 0.2 0.5
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 3 mg 0.2 3 0.188 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.158 1 -- 0.003 0.010
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.220 1 -- 0.005 0.014
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 1.560 1 -- 0.033 0.101
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.509 1 -- 0.011 0.033
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 8 mg 0.391 3 0.199 0.008 0.025
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 25 1 -- 1 2
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 25 1 -- 1 2
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 25 -- -- 1 2
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 37.4 -- -- 0.8 2.4
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 1.4 1 -- 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 8 -- -- 0 1
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 6 µg 45 2 -- 1 3
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 103 1 -- 2 7
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 160 -- -- 3 10
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 7 mg 8.82 2 -- 0.19 0.57
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 141.8 1 -- 3.0 9.2
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 3.952 -- -- 0.083 0.257
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.009 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.026 1 -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.131 1 -- 0.003 0.009
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.035 1 -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.263 1 -- 0.006 0.017
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.018 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 16:0 1 g 1.858 1 -- 0.039 0.121
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.044 1 -- 0.001 0.003
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.683 1 -- 0.014 0.044
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.193 1 -- 0.004 0.013
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.175 1 -- 0.004 0.011
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.491 1 -- 0.010 0.032
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 1.393 -- -- 0.029 0.091
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.026 -- -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 16:1 c 1 g 0.026 1 -- 0.001 0.002
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.990 -- -- 0.021 0.064
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 0.780 1 -- 0.016 0.051
Lipids 18:1 t 1 g 0.210 1 -- 0.004 0.014
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.359 1 -- 0.008 0.023
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.018 -- -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 22:1 c 1 g 0.018 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 24:1 c g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 3.606 -- -- 0.076 0.234
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 2.657 -- -- 0.056 0.173
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 2.557 1 -- 0.054 0.166
Lipids 18:2 CLAs 1 g 0.058 1 -- 0.001 0.004
Lipids 18:2 t not further defined 1 g 0.042 1 -- 0.001 0.003
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.585 -- -- 0.012 0.038
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.585 1 -- 0.012 0.038
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.017 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.008 -- -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 20:3 n-6 1 g 0.008 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.104 1 -- 0.002 0.007
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.008 1 -- 0.000 0.001
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.058 1 -- 0.001 0.004
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.184 -- -- 0.004 0.012
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.254 -- -- 0.005 0.017
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.210 -- -- 0.004 0.014
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 256 -- -- 5 17
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.030 -- -- 0.001 0.002
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.180 -- -- 0.004 0.012
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.240 -- -- 0.005 0.016
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.400 -- -- 0.008 0.026
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.370 -- -- 0.008 0.024
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.080 -- -- 0.002 0.005
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.070 -- -- 0.001 0.005
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.230 -- -- 0.005 0.015
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.190 -- -- 0.004 0.012
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.340 -- -- 0.007 0.022
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.320 -- -- 0.007 0.021
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.130 -- -- 0.003 0.008
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.290 -- -- 0.006 0.019
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.600 -- -- 0.013 0.039
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.560 -- -- 0.012 0.036
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.280 -- -- 0.006 0.018
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.390 -- -- 0.008 0.025
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.240 -- -- 0.005 0.016
Amino Acids Hydroxyproline 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 9 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 9 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 9 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 9 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 9 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2Dawn Food Products Dawn Food Products, Fiber Analysis , 1990    
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 13x , 2009  Beltsville MD  
4V. Singh, A.N. Garg Availability of essential trace elements in Indian cereals, vegetables and spices using INAA and the contribution of spices to daily dietary intake , 2006 Food Chemistry 94   pp.81-89
5M. Ozcan, M. Akbulut Estimation of minerals, nitrate & nitrite contents of medicinal & aromatic plants used as spices, condiments and herbal tea , 2008 Food Chemistry 106   pp.852-858
6B Kandlakunta, A Rajendran, L Thingnganing Carotene content of some common (cereals, pulses, vegetables, spices and condiments) and unconventional sources of plant origin , 2008 Food Chemistry 106   pp.85-89
7H. Fukuba, T. Murota Determination of tocopherols in foodstuffs, especially nuts and spices, by high-performance liquid chromotography , 1985 Journal of Micronutrient Analysis 1   pp.93-105
8S.W. Leonard, K. Hardin, J.E. Leklem Vitamin B-6 Content of Spices , 2001 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14   pp.163-167
9Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521

Langual Code(s)

  • A0113 SPICE OR HERB (US CFR)
  • A1272 0200 SPICES AND HERBS (USDA SR)
  • B1255 CLOVE
  • C0289 BUD
  • E0106 FINELY GROUND
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0138 WATER REMOVED
  • J0141 NATURALLY DRIED
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION