United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09298, Raisins, dark, seedless (Includes foods for USDA's Food Distribution Program)
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 g 15.46 12 0.140 14.68 17.92 9.0 15.12 15.79 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Energy kcal 299 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 1250 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3 g 3.30 12 0.050 3.06 3.69 6.0 3.15 3.44 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3, 4 g 0.25 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Ash 2, 3 g 1.68 12 0.020 1.5 1.81 6.0 1.61 1.74 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 79.32 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 a g 4.5 12 0.200 3.8 5.6 5.0 3.9 5.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 3, 5, 6 g 65.18 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Sucrose 2, 3, 5, 6 g 0.00 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2, 3, 5, 6 g 30.51 12 0.160 29.5 31.8 6.0 30.12 30.9 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Fructose 2, 3, 5, 6 g 34.67 12 0.220 33.7 35.7 6.0 34.11 35.22 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Proximates Lactose 2, 3 g 0.00 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 2, 3 g 0.00 11 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 62 12 2.000 53 98 10.0 57.0 66.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 1.79 12 0.110 1.1 2.5 5.0 1.48 2.08 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 36 12 0.000 33 39 10.0 35.0 36.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Phosphorus, P 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 98 12 1.000 92 109 6.0 94.0 101.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Potassium, K 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 744 12 12.000 681 821 6.0 713.0 774.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 26 12 2.000 17 48 6.0 18.0 32.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Zinc, Zn 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.36 12 0.004 0.34 0.37 6.0 0.34 0.36 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Copper, Cu 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.272 12 0.014 0.2 0.43 7.0 0.238 0.305 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Manganese, Mn 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.281 12 0.007 0.18 0.32 9.0 0.266 0.296 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Minerals Selenium, Se 2, 3 µg 0.6 8 0.056 0.4 1 5.0 0.4 0.7 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 3 µg 233.9 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 2.3 6 1.100 0.7 4.6 2.0 -2.6 7.3 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Thiamin 2, 3 mg 0.106 8 0.004 0.08 0.13 5.0 0.095 0.116 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 2, 3 mg 0.125 8 0.012 0.01 0.3 3.0 0.086 0.164 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 2, 3 mg 0.766 8 0.065 0.49 1.33 3.0 0.569 0.962 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 2, 3 mg 0.174 8 0.006 0.1 0.26 3.0 0.156 0.191 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 2 µg 5 4 0.000 4 6 3.0 3.0 6.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 5 4 0.000 4 6 3.0 3.0 6.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 5 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 2, 3 mg 11.1 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 2, 3 µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 2, 3 µg 0 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3 µg 0 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2, 3 µg 0 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 2, 3 IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Lycopene 2, 3 µg 0 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2, 3 µg 0 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 2, 4 mg 0.12 5 0.020 0.05 0.18 4.0 0.04 0.19 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Vitamins Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) µg 0.0 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2, 3, 20 µg 3.5 9 1.000 1.7 7.3 2.0 -1.1 8.1 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.094 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 4:0 g 0.007 12 0.000 0.01 0.01 7.0 0.007 0.008 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 8:0 2, 3 g 0.001 12 0.000 0 0 6.0 0.001 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 10:0 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 12:0 2, 3 g 0.001 12 0.000 0 0 5.0 -- 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 14:0 2, 3 g 0.004 12 0.000 0 0.01 6.0 0.003 0.005 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 15:0 2, 3 g 0.002 12 0.000 0 0 6.0 0.001 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 16:0 2, 3 g 0.056 12 0.006 0.03 0.1 7.0 0.042 0.07 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 17:0 2, 3 g 0.001 12 0.000 0 0 5.0 0.001 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:0 2, 3 g 0.013 12 0.001 0.01 0.02 6.0 0.01 0.016 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 20:0 2, 3 g 0.003 12 0.000 0 0.01 6.0 0.002 0.004 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:0 2, 3 g 0.004 12 0.001 0 0.01 6.0 0.002 0.005 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 24:0 g 0.002 12 0.000 0 0.01 9.0 0.001 0.003 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.024 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 14:1 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 5.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 15:1 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.001 12 0.000 0 0.01 10.0 -- 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 16:1 c g 0.001 12 0.000 0 0.01 10.0 -- 0.002 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 16:1 t g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 17:1 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.023 12 0.005 0.01 0.11 9.0 0.012 0.035 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:1 c g 0.022 12 0.005 0.01 0.1 9.0 0.012 0.033 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:1 t g 0.001 12 0.001 0 0.01 6.0 -0.001 0.003 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 20:1 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 5.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:1 c g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:1 t g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 24:1 c g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.053 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.039 12 0.006 0.02 0.09 6.0 0.024 0.054 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c g 0.039 12 0.006 0.02 0.08 6.0 0.024 0.053 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:2 CLAs g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:2 t not further defined g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 6.0 -- 0.001 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.014 12 0.002 0.01 0.03 6.0 0.009 0.019 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) g 0.014 12 0.002 0.01 0.03 6.0 0.009 0.019 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 2 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:3i g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:3 n-6 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 2, 3 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:4 g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 07/01/2017
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 11 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2017
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 21, 22 mg 0.0 7 0.01 0 0.1 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 22 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 21, 22 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 22 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 21, 22 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 22 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 22, 23 mg 0.4 7 0.42 0 2.97 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 22, 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 22, 23 mg 0.1 7 0.1 0 0.71 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 22, 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 22, 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 22, 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 22 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 22 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 21, 22 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 21, 22 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 21 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 21, 22 a mg 0.0 7 0 0 0.03 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 21, 22 mg 0.2 7 0.24 0 1.7 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 25, 26, 27 mg 0.02 3 0.03 0 0.06 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 25, 26, 27 mg 0.05 3 0.06 0.01 0.12 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 27 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 25, 26, 27 mg 0.07 3 0.09 0.01 0.18 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Study on Labeling , 1996    
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5f , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5L , 2001  Beltsville MD  
4Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1991 , 1991  Beltsville MD  
5W.J. Hurst, R.A. Martin, B.L. Zoumas Application of HPLC to Characterization of Individual Carbohydrates in Foods , 1979 Journal of Food Science 44   pp.892-893
6Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Dietary Fiber and Sugars in Commonly Consumed Foods , 1994  Beltsville MD  
7J Marlett Content and composition of dietary fiber in 117 frequently consumed foods , 1992 Journal of the American Dietetic Association 92 2  
8N Vollendorf, J Marlett Dietary Fiber Content and Composition in Home-Prepared and Commercially Baked Products: Analysis and Prediction , 1994 Cereal Chemistry 71 1   pp.99-105
9Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1995    
10Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1996    
11Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1997    
12Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1998    
13Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1999    
14Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1991    
15Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1992    
16Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1989    
17Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1990    
18Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1993    
19Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1994    
20S.L. Booth, J.A. Sadowski, J.A. T. Pennington Phylloquinone (Vitamin K) Content of Foods in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study , 1995 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 43 6   pp.1574-1579
21Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
22Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
23Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
24Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
25Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
26Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331
27Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201

Footnotes
a  Total dietary fiber determined by AOAC 2009.01 (McCleary Method)