United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  09202, Oranges, raw, navels (Includes foods for USDA's Food Distribution Program)
Food Group: Fruits and Fruit Juices
Scientific Name:  Citrus sinensis
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 32%   Refuse Description:   Peel and navel
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup sections, without membranes 165 g

fruit (2-7/8" dia) 140 g

NLEA serving 154 g
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 85.97 10 0.840 141.85 120.36 132.39
Proximates Energy kcal 49 -- -- 81 69 75
Proximates Energy kJ 207 -- -- 342 290 319
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 0.91 8 0.030 1.50 1.27 1.40
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.15 8 0.030 0.25 0.21 0.23
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 0.43 8 0.020 0.71 0.60 0.66
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 12.54 -- -- 20.69 17.56 19.31
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 3 g 2.2 5 0.100 3.6 3.1 3.4
Proximates Sugars, total 1, 2, 3 g 8.50 9 0.380 14.03 11.90 13.09
Proximates Sucrose 1, 2, 3 g 4.28 9 0.300 7.06 5.99 6.59
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1, 2, 3 g 1.97 9 0.100 3.25 2.76 3.03
Proximates Fructose 1, 2, 3 g 2.25 9 0.100 3.71 3.15 3.46
Proximates Lactose 1, 2, 3 g 0.00 9 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1, 2, 3 g 0.00 9 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1, 2 g 0.00 8 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2 mg 43 8 2.000 71 60 66
Minerals Iron, Fe 2 mg 0.13 4 0.010 0.21 0.18 0.20
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2 mg 11 8 0.000 18 15 17
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2 mg 23 8 0.000 38 32 35
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2 mg 166 8 3.000 274 232 256
Minerals Sodium, Na 2 mg 1 4 0.000 2 1 2
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2 mg 0.08 7 0.004 0.13 0.11 0.12
Minerals Copper, Cu 2 mg 0.039 4 0.003 0.064 0.055 0.060
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2 mg 0.029 8 0.001 0.048 0.041 0.045
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 0.0 4 0.008 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 59.1 8 2.000 97.5 82.7 91.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.068 8 0.003 0.112 0.095 0.105
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.051 8 0.004 0.084 0.071 0.079
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.425 8 0.013 0.701 0.595 0.655
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.261 8 0.020 0.431 0.365 0.402
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.079 8 0.006 0.130 0.111 0.122
Vitamins Folate, total µg 34 70 1.000 56 48 52
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 34 70 1.000 56 48 52
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 34 -- -- 56 48 52
Vitamins Choline, total 1, 2 mg 8.4 -- -- 13.9 11.8 12.9
Vitamins Betaine 1, 2 mg 0.1 2 -- 0.2 0.1 0.2
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1, 4 µg 12 7 1.000 20 17 18
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 4 µg 87 7 27.000 144 122 134
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 4 µg 7 7 7.000 12 10 11
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 4 µg 116 7 5.000 191 162 179
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 4 IU 247 7 35.000 408 346 380
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 4 µg 0 7 0.000 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 4 µg 129 7 57.000 213 181 199
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 0.15 3 0.007 0.25 0.21 0.23
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1, 2 mg 0.01 3 0.000 0.02 0.01 0.02
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 0.0 8 0.007 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.017 -- -- 0.028 0.024 0.026
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 -- -- 0.028 0.024 0.026
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.030 -- -- 0.050 0.042 0.046
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.003 -- -- 0.005 0.004 0.005
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.026 -- -- 0.043 0.036 0.040
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.031 -- -- 0.051 0.043 0.048
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.023 -- -- 0.038 0.032 0.035
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.009 -- -- 0.015 0.013 0.014
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 24 -- -- 40 34 37
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0.015 0.013 0.014
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 2 g 0.018 -- -- 0.030 0.025 0.028
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 2 g 0.017 -- -- 0.028 0.024 0.026
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 2 g 0.029 -- -- 0.048 0.041 0.045
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 2 g 0.038 -- -- 0.063 0.053 0.059
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0.015 0.013 0.014
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 2 g 0.010 -- -- 0.017 0.014 0.015
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2 g 0.021 -- -- 0.035 0.029 0.032
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 2 g 0.013 -- -- 0.021 0.018 0.020
Amino Acids Valine 1, 2 g 0.026 -- -- 0.043 0.036 0.040
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 2 g 0.115 -- -- 0.190 0.161 0.177
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 2 g 0.013 -- -- 0.021 0.018 0.020
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 2 g 0.032 -- -- 0.053 0.045 0.049
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 2 g 0.139 -- -- 0.229 0.195 0.214
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 2 g 0.247 -- -- 0.408 0.346 0.380
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 2 g 0.023 -- -- 0.038 0.032 0.035
Amino Acids Proline 1, 2 g 0.181 -- -- 0.299 0.253 0.279
Amino Acids Serine 1, 2 g 0.037 -- -- 0.061 0.052 0.057
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 5 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 5, 6 mg 21.9 6 6.52 36.1 30.6 33.7
Flavanones Naringenin 5, 6 mg 7.1 6 2.22 11.7 9.9 10.9
Flavones Apigenin 5, 6 mg 0.0 6 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 5, 6 mg 0.7 6 0.18 1.2 1.0 1.1
Flavonols Kaempferol 6 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Myricetin 5, 6 mg 0.0 6 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 5, 6 mg 0.2 6 0.05 0.3 0.3 0.3
Isoflavones Daidzein 8 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 8 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Glycitein 8 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 8 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 7 mg 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5i , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5f , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Dietary Fiber and Sugars in Commonly Consumed Foods , 1994  Beltsville MD  
4National Institutes of Health (NIH) Carotenoid analyses of U.S. foods, Food Composition Laboratory , 1997    
5Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S.  Deternination of 20 prominent flavonoids (as aglycones) in oranges. ,  Unpublished   
6Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
7Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
8Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201
Langual Code(s)

  • A0143 FRUIT OR FRUIT PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1279 0900 FRUITS AND FRUIT JUICES (USDA SR)
  • B1339 ORANGE
  • C0138 FRUIT, PEEL REMOVED
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION