United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09181, Melons, cantaloupe, raw
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 90.15 30 0.310 88.11 92.86 6.0 89.39 90.91 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 34 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Energy kJ 141 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3 g 0.84 17 0.030 0.6 1 2.0 0.7 0.96 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 g 0.19 21 0.030 0.08 0.32 4.0 0.09 0.29 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3 g 0.65 17 0.030 0.45 0.9 2.0 0.48 0.82 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 8.16 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 3 g 0.9 18 0.100 0.6 1.6 2.0 0.4 1.3 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total g 7.86 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Sucrose 2, 3, 6, 7 g 4.35 14 0.660 1.57 8.08 3.0 2.23 6.47 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2, 3, 6, 7 g 1.54 14 0.320 0.55 2.89 3.0 0.51 2.56 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Fructose 2, 3, 6, 7 g 1.87 14 0.300 0.91 3 3.0 0.9 2.84 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Lactose 2, 3 g 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 2, 3, 6 g 0.04 11 0.020 0 0.2 2.0 -0.04 0.12 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Galactose 2, 3 g 0.06 8 0.004 0 0.13 3.0 0.04 0.06 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Starch 3 g 0.03 4 0.020 0 0.1 3.0 -0.05 0.1 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 9 54 0.000 5 18 14.0 7.0 11.0 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.21 54 0.020 0.07 0.64 14.0 0.16 0.25 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 12 54 0.000 7 18 14.0 10.0 12.0 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 15 53 0.000 8 25 13.0 13.0 16.0 14 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 267 54 10.000 112 420 14.0 245.0 289.0 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 16 50 1.000 5 44 13.0 12.0 18.0 14 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.18 53 0.010 0.07 0.37 14.0 0.13 0.21 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.041 54 0.009 0 0.2 14.0 0.023 0.059 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.041 54 0.002 0 0.07 14.0 0.036 0.045 15 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 0.4 4 0.055 0.2 0.5 3.0 0.1 0.5 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 20 µg 1.0 9 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 36.7 10 1.300 30.8 40.7 5.0 33.1 40.2 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.041 13 0.009 0.02 0.08 2.0 0.004 0.078 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 2 mg 0.019 4 -- 0.01 0.02 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.734 18 0.040 0.53 0.89 2.0 0.562 0.905 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 0.105 13 0.020 0.04 0.16 2.0 0.019 0.19 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.072 14 0.028 0.03 0.12 1.0 -0.279 0.423 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2, 3 µg 21 17 7.000 7 40 2.0 -9.0 51.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 21 17 7.000 7 40 2.0 -9.0 51.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 21 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Choline, total 3 mg 7.6 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 3 mg 0.1 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 169 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 3, 21, 22, 23, 24 µg 2020 52 252.000 1,377 4,712 6.0 1401.0 2639.0 7 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3, 21, 22, 24, 25 µg 16 42 10.000 0 61 5.0 -9.0 42.0 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2, 3, 21, 24, 25 µg 1 21 1.000 0 6 4.0 -2.0 4.0 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 3382 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Lycopene 2, 3, 24, 25 µg 0 12 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2, 3, 24, 25 µg 26 12 9.000 0 51 3.0 -5.0 57.0 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 3, 4, 5 mg 0.05 11 0.007 0.02 0.11 2.0 0.02 0.08 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 3, 4, 5 mg 0.00 11 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 3, 4, 5 mg 0.11 11 0.010 0.06 0.13 2.0 0.05 0.16 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 3, 4, 5 mg 0.00 11 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 3, 4 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 3, 4 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 3, 4 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 3, 4 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2, 3 µg 2.5 8 0.300 1.6 4 5.0 1.7 3.3 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.051 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 12:0 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 14:0 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 16:0 g 0.043 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 18:0 g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.003 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.003 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.081 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.035 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.046 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2016
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Lipids Phytosterols mg 10 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 2 g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Threonine 2 g 0.017 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Isoleucine 2 g 0.021 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Leucine 2 g 0.029 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Lysine 2 g 0.030 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Methionine 2 g 0.012 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Cystine 2 g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Tyrosine 2 g 0.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Valine 2 g 0.033 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Arginine 2 g 0.029 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Histidine 2 g 0.015 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Alanine 2 g 0.095 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 2 g 0.136 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 2 g 0.209 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Glycine 2 g 0.026 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Proline 2 g 0.019 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Serine 2 g 0.042 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 26 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 26, 27 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 26, 27 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 26 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 26, 28, 29 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 26, 28, 29 mg 0.6 4 0.64 0 2.58 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 28, 29, 30 mg 0.1 3 0.07 0 0.21 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 26, 28, 29, 30 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 26, 28, 29, 30 mg 0.0 6 0.01 0 0.07 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 32, 33, 34 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 32, 33, 34 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 34 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 32, 33, 34 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 31 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 31 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 31 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 31 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 31 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Produce Marketing Association (PMA) Nutrient Content of Cantaloupe , 1985    
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5n , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 4e , 2001  Beltsville MD  
4Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1991 , 1991  Beltsville MD  
5Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1997 , 1997  Beltsville MD  
6Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Investigation of the carbohydrate fraction of foods . . . raw, processed and prepared , 1985  Beltsville MD  
7Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Variability of the sugar content of foods , 1989  Beltsville MD  
8N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
9Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1995    
10Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1996    
11Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1997    
12Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1998    
13Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1999    
14Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1991    
15Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1992    
16Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1989    
17Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1990    
18Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1993    
19Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1994    
20Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
21J L Bureau, R J Bushway HPLC determination of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables in the United States , 1986 J Food Sci 52   pp.128-130
22R J Bushway, A Yang, A M Yamani Comparison of alpha- and beta-carotene content of supermarket versus roadside stand produce , 1987 J Food Qual 9   pp.437-443
23T Philip, T S Chen Development of a method for the quantitative estimation of provitamin A carotenoids in some fruits. , 1988 J. Food Science 53   pp.1703-1707
24National Institutes of Health (NIH) Carotenoid analyses of U.S. foods, Food Composition Laboratory , 1997    
25F Khachik, G R Beecher, W R Lusby Separation, identification and quantification of the major carotenoids in extracts of apricots, peaches, cantaloupe, and pink grapefruit by liquid chromatography , 1989 J Agric Food Chem 37   pp.1465-1473
26Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
27Tsanova-Savova, S., Ribarova, F., and Gerova, M.  (+)-Catechin and (-)-Epicatechin in Bulgarian fruits. , 2005 J. Food Comp. Anal. 18   pp.691-698
28Lugasi, A. and Hovari, J.  Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin II. Fresh and dried fruits. , 2002 Acta Alimentaria 31 1   pp.63-71
29Sampson, L., Rimm, E., Hollman, P.C.H., de Vries, J.H.M., and Katan, M.B.  Flavonol and flavone intakes in US health professionals , 2002 J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 102 10   pp.1414-1420
30Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J.  Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
31Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
32Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
33Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331
34Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201