United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09150, Lemons, raw, without peel
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water g 88.98 5 0.820 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Energy kcal 29 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Energy kJ 121 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 02/01/2007
Proximates Protein g 1.10 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Total lipid (fat) g 0.30 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Ash g 0.30 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 9.32 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 2.8 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Proximates Sugars, total g 2.50 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 02/01/2003
Minerals Calcium, Ca mg 26 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 0.60 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Magnesium, Mg mg 8 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Phosphorus, P mg 16 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Potassium, K mg 138 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 2 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Zinc, Zn mg 0.06 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.037 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Manganese, Mn mg 0.030 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/1982
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.4 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 12/01/1997
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 53.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Thiamin mg 0.040 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Riboflavin mg 0.020 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.100 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Pantothenic acid mg 0.190 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 mg 0.080 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Folate, total µg 11 7 2.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 11 7 2.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2007
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 11 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 02/01/2007
Vitamins Choline, total mg 5.1 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09159 02/01/2007
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 1 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2007
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2 µg 3 2 -- 3 3 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2 µg 1 2 -- 0 1 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2 µg 20 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 22 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2007
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2 µg 11 2 -- 9 12 1.0 -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.15 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09202 02/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09153 02/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.039 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 14:0 g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 16:0 g 0.035 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.011 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.001 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.010 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.089 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.063 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.026 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2016
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2003
Flavanones Eriodictyol 3, 4 mg 21.4 2 -- 17.6 25.13 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 3, 4, 5 mg 27.9 3 10.8 17 49.51 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 3, 5 mg 0.6 2 -- 0.5 0.6 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 6 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 3, 6 mg 1.9 2 -- 1.5 2.31 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 6, 7 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0.06 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 6, 7 mg 0.5 2 -- 0 1 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 3, 4, 6, 7 mg 1.1 4 0.82 0 3.47 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1I.M. Heinonen, V. Ollilainen, E. Linkola, P. Varo, P. Koivistoinen Carotenoids in Finnish Foods: Vegetables, Fruits, and Berries , 1989 Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 37   pp.655-659
2H. Muller Determination of the carotenoid content in selected vegetables and fruit by HPLC and photoiode array detection , 1997 Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch A 204   pp.88-94
3Mattila, P., Astola, J., and Kumpulainen, J. Determination of flavonoids in plant material by HPLC with diode-array and electro-array detection. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5834-5841
4Vandercook, C. E., and Tisserat, B.  Flavonoid changes in developing lemons grown in vivo and in vitro. , 1989 Phytochemistry 28   pp.799-803
5Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
6Lugasi, A. and Hovari, J.  Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin II. Fresh and dried fruits. , 2002 Acta Alimentaria 31 1   pp.63-71
7Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J.  Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603