United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Statistics Report:  09148, Kiwifruit, green, raw
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 83.07 20 0.989 80 85.11 2.0 78.819 87.327 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Energy kcal 61 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Proximates Energy kJ 255 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3 g 1.14 20 0.116 0.8 1.6 2.0 0.645 1.64 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 0.52 20 0.120 0.11 1.09 2.0 -0.001 1.036 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3 g 0.61 20 0.044 0.4 0.72 2.0 0.417 0.8 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 14.66 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 3 g 3.0 8 0.211 2.3 3.8 6.0 2.504 3.559 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 3 g 8.99 8 0.163 8.37 9.52 6.0 8.588 9.399 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Sucrose 2, 3 g 0.15 8 0.021 0.07 0.33 3.0 0.085 0.219 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2, 3 g 4.11 8 0.055 3.8 4.55 3.0 3.944 4.276 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Fructose 2, 3 g 4.35 8 0.084 4.04 4.8 4.0 4.11 4.589 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Lactose 2, 3 g 0.00 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Maltose 2, 3 g 0.19 8 0.016 0.15 0.3 3.0 0.145 0.243 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Galactose 2, 3 g 0.17 8 0.089 0 0.82 3.0 -0.109 0.454 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 34 20 4.113 21 45 3.0 20.721 46.899 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.31 21 0.062 0.17 0.7 3.0 0.114 0.511 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 17 21 0.953 12 23 3.0 13.626 19.694 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3 mg 34 19 1.603 25 42 2.0 27.031 40.825 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 4 mg 312 16 6.598 286 358 2.0 283.375 340.152 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 3 18 0.713 0 4 3.0 0.503 5.04 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/2003
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.14 21 0.010 0.09 0.2 3.0 0.106 0.17 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.130 21 0.007 0.08 0.18 3.0 0.108 0.153 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 4 mg 0.098 17 0.011 0.07 0.16 2.0 0.052 0.145 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Selenium, Se 2, 3 µg 0.2 5 0.040 0.1 0.3 3.0 0.109 0.364 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 3 mg 92.7 16 3.367 77.4 118 1.0 49.914 135.469 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Thiamin 3 mg 0.027 2 -- 0.01 0.04 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.025 18 0.003 0.02 0.03 2.0 0.014 0.037 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.341 18 0.032 0.25 0.44 2.0 0.204 0.479 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 0.183 18 0.025 0.13 0.28 2.0 0.077 0.29 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2, 3 mg 0.063 18 0.002 0.06 0.08 2.0 0.054 0.072 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2, 3 µg 25 17 2.021 20 35 2.0 16.332 33.723 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 25 17 2.021 20 35 2.0 16.332 33.723 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/2009
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 25 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Vitamins Choline, total 2, 3 mg 7.8 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2006
Vitamins Betaine 2, 3 mg 0.5 2 -- 0.5 0.5 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1, 2, 3 µg 4 18 0.236 3 6 2.0 3.331 5.363 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 3 µg 52 18 2.982 32 70 2.0 39.614 65.275 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 2, 3 IU 87 18 4.722 53 120 2.0 66.626 107.263 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Lycopene 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2, 3 µg 122 6 5.764 96 150 4.0 105.411 137.923 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 1.46 16 0.043 1.28 1.82 15.0 1.367 1.552 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 2 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2 mg 0.03 4 0.005 0.02 0.04 3.0 0.012 0.043 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 2 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2, 3 µg 40.3 8 1.786 33.9 50.3 4.0 35.09 45.499 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.029 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 18:0 g 0.012 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.047 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.047 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.287 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.246 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.042 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 05/2009
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 2, 3 g 0.015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Threonine 2, 3 g 0.047 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Isoleucine 2, 3 g 0.051 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Leucine 2, 3 g 0.066 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Lysine 2, 3 g 0.061 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Methionine 2, 3 g 0.024 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Cystine 2, 3 g 0.031 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2, 3 g 0.044 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Tyrosine 2, 3 g 0.034 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Valine 2, 3 g 0.057 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Arginine 2, 3 g 0.081 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Histidine 2, 3 g 0.027 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Alanine 2, 3 g 0.053 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 2, 3 g 0.126 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 2, 3 g 0.184 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Glycine 2, 3 g 0.060 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Proline 2, 3 g 0.044 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Serine 2, 3 g 0.053 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2003
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 8 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.3 12 0.05 0 0.45 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0.01 0 0.08 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 8, 9, 10 mg 0.1 12 0.09 0 1.11 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 8 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 8 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 8, 11 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 8, 11, 12 mg 0.7 3 0.74 0 2.23 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 11, 12, 13 mg 1.0 3 1.02 0 3.06 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 8, 11, 12, 13 mg 0.0 5 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 8, 11, 12, 13 mg 0.0 5 0.04 0 0.21 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 5, 6, 7 mg 0.6 12 0.22 0.14 0.87 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 5, 6, 7 mg 0.5 12 0.19 0.11 0.77 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 6, 7 mg 1.2 9 0.91 0 2.43 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 6, 7 mg 0.2 9 0.26 0 0.54 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 6, 7 mg 0.0 9 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Produce Marketing Association (PMA) Nutrient Content of Kiwi , 1983    
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5c , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5m , 2001  Beltsville MD  
4N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
5de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
6Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
7Hellström, Törrönen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
8Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S. Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
9Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H. Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
10de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., & Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
11Lugasi, A. and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin II. Fresh and dried fruits. , 2002 Acta Alimentaria 31 1   pp.63-71
12Arai, Yusuke, Watanabe, S., Kimira, M., Shimoi, K., Mochizuki, R., and Kinae, N. Dietary intakes of flavonols and isoflavones by Japanese women and inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration , 2000 J. Nutr. 130   pp.2243-2250
13Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J. Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
14Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A. Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331