United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  09148, Kiwifruit, green, raw
Food Group: Fruits and Fruit Juices
Common Name: Chinese gooseberry
Scientific Name:  Actinidia deliciosa
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 24%   Refuse Description:   Skin
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup, sliced 180 g

fruit (2" dia) 69 g

NLEA serving 148 g
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 83.07 20 0.989 149.53 57.32 122.94
Proximates Energy kcal 61 -- -- 110 42 90
Proximates Energy kJ 255 -- -- 459 176 377
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3 g 1.14 20 0.116 2.05 0.79 1.69
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 0.52 20 0.120 0.94 0.36 0.77
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3 g 0.61 20 0.044 1.10 0.42 0.90
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 14.66 -- -- 26.39 10.12 21.70
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 3 g 3.0 8 0.211 5.4 2.1 4.4
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 3 g 8.99 8 0.163 16.18 6.20 13.31
Proximates Sucrose 2, 3 g 0.15 8 0.021 0.27 0.10 0.22
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2, 3 g 4.11 8 0.055 7.40 2.84 6.08
Proximates Fructose 2, 3 g 4.35 8 0.084 7.83 3.00 6.44
Proximates Lactose 2, 3 g 0.00 7 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 2, 3 g 0.19 8 0.016 0.34 0.13 0.28
Proximates Galactose 2, 3 g 0.17 8 0.089 0.31 0.12 0.25
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 34 20 4.113 61 23 50
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.31 21 0.062 0.56 0.21 0.46
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 17 21 0.953 31 12 25
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3 mg 34 19 1.603 61 23 50
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 4 mg 312 16 6.598 562 215 462
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 3 18 0.713 5 2 4
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.14 21 0.010 0.25 0.10 0.21
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3, 4 mg 0.130 21 0.007 0.234 0.090 0.192
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 4 mg 0.098 17 0.011 0.176 0.068 0.145
Minerals Selenium, Se 2, 3 µg 0.2 5 0.040 0.4 0.1 0.3
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 3 mg 92.7 16 3.367 166.9 64.0 137.2
Vitamins Thiamin 3 mg 0.027 2 -- 0.049 0.019 0.040
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.025 18 0.003 0.045 0.017 0.037
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2, 3 mg 0.341 18 0.032 0.614 0.235 0.505
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 0.183 18 0.025 0.329 0.126 0.271
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2, 3 mg 0.063 18 0.002 0.113 0.043 0.093
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2, 3 µg 25 17 2.021 45 17 37
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 25 17 2.021 45 17 37
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 25 -- -- 45 17 37
Vitamins Choline, total 2, 3 mg 7.8 -- -- 14.0 5.4 11.5
Vitamins Betaine 2, 3 mg 0.5 2 -- 0.9 0.3 0.7
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1, 2, 3 µg 4 18 0.236 7 3 6
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 3 µg 52 18 2.982 94 36 77
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 2, 3 IU 87 18 4.722 157 60 129
Vitamins Lycopene 2, 3 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2, 3 µg 122 6 5.764 220 84 181
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 1.46 16 0.043 2.63 1.01 2.16
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 2 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2 mg 0.03 4 0.005 0.05 0.02 0.04
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 2 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2, 3 µg 40.3 8 1.786 72.5 27.8 59.6
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.029 -- -- 0.052 0.020 0.043
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 -- -- 0.031 0.012 0.025
Lipids 18:0 g 0.012 -- -- 0.022 0.008 0.018
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.047 -- -- 0.085 0.032 0.070
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.047 -- -- 0.085 0.032 0.070
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.287 -- -- 0.517 0.198 0.425
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.246 -- -- 0.443 0.170 0.364
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.042 -- -- 0.076 0.029 0.062
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Amino Acids Tryptophan 2, 3 g 0.015 -- -- 0.027 0.010 0.022
Amino Acids Threonine 2, 3 g 0.047 -- -- 0.085 0.032 0.070
Amino Acids Isoleucine 2, 3 g 0.051 -- -- 0.092 0.035 0.075
Amino Acids Leucine 2, 3 g 0.066 -- -- 0.119 0.046 0.098
Amino Acids Lysine 2, 3 g 0.061 -- -- 0.110 0.042 0.090
Amino Acids Methionine 2, 3 g 0.024 -- -- 0.043 0.017 0.036
Amino Acids Cystine 2, 3 g 0.031 -- -- 0.056 0.021 0.046
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2, 3 g 0.044 -- -- 0.079 0.030 0.065
Amino Acids Tyrosine 2, 3 g 0.034 -- -- 0.061 0.023 0.050
Amino Acids Valine 2, 3 g 0.057 -- -- 0.103 0.039 0.084
Amino Acids Arginine 2, 3 g 0.081 -- -- 0.146 0.056 0.120
Amino Acids Histidine 2, 3 g 0.027 -- -- 0.049 0.019 0.040
Amino Acids Alanine 2, 3 g 0.053 -- -- 0.095 0.037 0.078
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 2, 3 g 0.126 -- -- 0.227 0.087 0.186
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 2, 3 g 0.184 -- -- 0.331 0.127 0.272
Amino Acids Glycine 2, 3 g 0.060 -- -- 0.108 0.041 0.089
Amino Acids Proline 2, 3 g 0.044 -- -- 0.079 0.030 0.065
Amino Acids Serine 2, 3 g 0.053 -- -- 0.095 0.037 0.078
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 8 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 8 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.3 12 0.05 0.5 0.2 0.4
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0.01 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 8, 9, 10 mg 0.1 12 0.09 0.2 0.1 0.1
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 8, 9, 10 mg 0.0 12 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 8 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Naringenin 8 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 8, 11 mg 0.0 3 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 8, 11, 12 mg 0.7 3 0.74 1.3 0.5 1.1
Flavonols Kaempferol 11, 12, 13 mg 1.0 3 1.02 1.9 0.7 1.5
Flavonols Myricetin 8, 11, 12, 13 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 8, 11, 12, 13 mg 0.0 5 0.04 0.1 0.0 0.1
Isoflavones Daidzein 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 14 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 5, 6, 7 mg 0.6 12 0.22 1.1 0.4 0.9
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 5, 6, 7 mg 0.5 12 0.19 0.9 0.4 0.8
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 6, 7 mg 1.2 9 0.91 2.2 0.9 1.9
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 6, 7 mg 0.2 9 0.26 0.3 0.1 0.3
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 6, 7 mg 0.0 9 0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

1Produce Marketing Association (PMA) Nutrient Content of Kiwi , 1983    
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5c , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5m , 2001  Beltsville MD  
4N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
5de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
6Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
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10de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., & Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
11Lugasi, A. and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin II. Fresh and dried fruits. , 2002 Acta Alimentaria 31 1   pp.63-71
12Arai, Yusuke, Watanabe, S., Kimira, M., Shimoi, K., Mochizuki, R., and Kinae, N. Dietary intakes of flavonols and isoflavones by Japanese women and inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration , 2000 J. Nutr. 130   pp.2243-2250
13Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J. Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
14Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A. Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331