United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Statistics Report:  09112, Grapefruit, raw, pink and red, all areas
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 88.06 9 0.761 86.9 90.67 2.0 84.789 91.338 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Energy kcal 42 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 176 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/2010
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 0.77 8 0.032 0.7 0.95 5.0 0.686 0.856 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.14 8 0.031 0.07 0.36 3.0 0.045 0.241 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 0.36 8 0.008 0.28 0.45 6.0 0.338 0.379 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 10.66 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/2010
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 3 g 1.6 5 0.242 1.4 2.1 1.0 -1.436 4.721 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Sugars, total 1, 2 g 6.89 8 0.369 4.91 7.8 4.0 5.877 7.902 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Sucrose 1, 2 g 3.51 8 0.176 2.29 4.35 6.0 3.071 3.95 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1, 2 g 1.61 8 0.157 0.96 2.11 4.0 1.149 2.073 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Fructose 1, 2 g 1.77 8 0.080 1.27 2.17 6.0 1.573 1.962 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Lactose 1, 2 g 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Maltose 1, 2 g 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Galactose 1, 2 g 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 4 mg 22 9 4.428 13 33 2.0 3.064 41.169 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Iron, Fe 2, 4 mg 0.08 5 0.017 0.06 0.11 1.0 -0.137 0.291 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 4 mg 9 9 0.289 8 10 2.0 7.44 9.923 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2 mg 18 8 0.660 15 20 6.0 16.442 19.708 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 4 mg 135 9 13.613 95 165 2.0 76.878 194.022 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 0 17 0.049 -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/1982
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 4 mg 0.07 9 0.014 0.05 0.1 2.0 0.01 0.127 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Copper, Cu 2, 4 mg 0.032 5 0.005 0.02 0.04 1.0 -0.03 0.094 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 4 mg 0.022 9 0.005 0.01 0.04 2.0 0.001 0.044 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 0.1 4 0.015 0 0.1 3.0 0.007 0.1 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 31.2 8 1.379 22.6 36.3 5.0 27.628 34.697 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.043 8 0.002 0.03 0.06 6.0 0.039 0.047 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.031 8 0.002 0.02 0.05 3.0 0.025 0.038 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.204 8 0.018 0.16 0.32 5.0 0.156 0.251 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.262 8 0.017 0.17 0.39 4.0 0.216 0.307 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.053 8 0.006 0.04 0.08 3.0 0.035 0.071 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2 µg 13 8 0.457 8 19 3.0 11.694 14.605 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 13 8 0.457 8 19 3.0 11.694 14.605 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 13 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 1, 2 mg 7.7 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1, 2 mg 0.1 1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 04/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 58 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 µg 686 91 245.802 248 2,343 7.0 104.736 1267.196 8 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 10 µg 3 74 2.338 0 14 5.0 -3.473 8.549 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2, 6, 8, 9, 10 µg 6 73 4.900 0 30 5.0 -6.477 18.717 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 1150 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2, 5, 8, 10 µg 1419 23 525.256 160 3,362 4.0 -39.396 2877.296 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2, 8, 10 µg 5 8 5.000 0 20 3.0 -10.912 20.912 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 0.13 8 0.016 0.1 0.23 3.0 0.085 0.182 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.00 8 0.002 0 0.01 3.0 -0.004 0.008 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 0.0 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.021 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 16:0 g 0.018 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 18:0 g 0.002 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.020 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.002 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.018 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.036 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.029 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 2 g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 2 g 0.013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 2 g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 2 g 0.015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 2 g 0.019 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 2 g 0.007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 2 g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2 g 0.013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/2010
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 2 g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Valine 1, 2 g 0.015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 2 g 0.087 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 2 g 0.008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 2 g 0.024 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 2 g 0.138 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 2 g 0.197 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 2 g 0.015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Proline 1, 2 g 0.063 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Amino Acids Serine 1, 2 g 0.028 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/2003
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2003
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/2003
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 13 mg 0.00 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 13 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 13, 14 mg 0.3 10 0.04 0 1.17 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 13, 14 mg 32.6 9 6.62 16.28 44.97 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 13, 14 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 13, 14 mg 0.6 7 0.12 0 1.4 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 14 mg 0.0 3 0 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 13, 14 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0.03 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 13, 14 mg 0.3 10 0.19 0 2.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 15 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 15 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 15 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 15 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 11, 12 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 11, 12 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 11, 12 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 11, 12 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 11, 12 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5i , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5e , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3J Marlett Content and composition of dietary fiber in 117 frequently consumed foods , 1992 Journal of the American Dietetic Association 92 2  
4N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
5R L Rouseff, G D Sadler, T J Putman, J E Davis Determination of beta-carotene and other hydrocarbon carotenoids in red grapefruit cultivars. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.47-51
6J L Bureau, R J Bushway HPLC determination of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables in the United States , 1986 J Food Sci 52   pp.128-130
7R J Bushway Determination of alpha- and beta-carotene in some raw fruits and vegetables by high-performance liquid chromatography , 1986 J Agr Food Chem 34   pp.409-412
8F Khachik, G R Beecher, W R Lusby Separation, identification and quantification of the major carotenoids in extracts of apricots, peaches, cantaloupe, and pink grapefruit by liquid chromatography , 1989 J Agric Food Chem 37   pp.1465-1473
9T Philip, T S Chen Development of a method for the quantitative estimation of provitamin A carotenoids in some fruits. , 1988 J. Food Science 53   pp.1703-1707
10National Institutes of Health (NIH) Carotenoid analyses of U.S. foods, Food Composition Laboratory , 1997    
11Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
12Hellström, Törrönen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
13Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S. Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
14Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
15Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N. Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201