United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  12151, Nuts, pistachio nuts, raw a 
Food Group: Nut and Seed Products
Scientific Name:  Pistacia vera
Carbohydrate Factor: 4.07   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 3.47   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 5.3  
Refuse: 47%   Refuse Description:   Shells
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup 123 g

oz (49 kernels) 28.35 g

kernel 0.7 g
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3, 5 g 4.37 10 0.470 5.38 1.24 0.03
Proximates Energy kcal 560 -- -- 689 159 4
Proximates Energy kJ 2342 -- -- 2881 664 16
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 g 20.16 11 0.210 24.80 5.72 0.14
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3, 5 g 45.32 10 0.960 55.74 12.85 0.32
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3, 5 g 2.99 10 0.100 3.68 0.85 0.02
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 27.17 -- -- 33.42 7.70 0.19
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2, 3, 4, 5 g 10.6 10 0.300 13.0 3.0 0.1
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 3, 5 g 7.66 9 0.170 9.42 2.17 0.05
Proximates Sucrose 2, 3, 5 g 6.87 9 0.140 8.45 1.95 0.05
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 2, 3, 5 g 0.32 9 0.070 0.39 0.09 0.00
Proximates Fructose 2, 3, 5 g 0.24 9 0.080 0.30 0.07 0.00
Proximates Lactose 2, 3, 5 g 0.00 9 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 2, 3, 5 g 0.17 9 0.040 0.21 0.05 0.00
Proximates Starch 5 g 1.67 1 -- 2.05 0.47 0.01
Minerals Calcium, Ca 2, 3, 5 mg 105 9 2.000 129 30 1
Minerals Iron, Fe 2, 3, 5 mg 3.92 9 0.240 4.82 1.11 0.03
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 5 mg 121 1 -- 149 34 1
Minerals Phosphorus, P 5 mg 490 1 -- 603 139 3
Minerals Potassium, K 2, 5 mg 1025 8 64.000 1261 291 7
Minerals Sodium, Na 3, 5 mg 1 2 -- 1 0 0
Minerals Zinc, Zn 5 mg 2.20 1 -- 2.71 0.62 0.02
Minerals Copper, Cu 5 mg 1.300 1 -- 1.599 0.369 0.009
Minerals Manganese, Mn 5 mg 1.200 1 -- 1.476 0.340 0.008
Minerals Selenium, Se 5 µg 7.0 1 -- 8.6 2.0 0.0
Minerals Fluoride, F 3 µg 3.4 1 -- 4.2 1.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 3, 5 mg 5.6 2 -- 6.9 1.6 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 5 mg 0.870 1 -- 1.070 0.247 0.006
Vitamins Riboflavin 5 mg 0.160 1 -- 0.197 0.045 0.001
Vitamins Niacin 5 mg 1.300 1 -- 1.599 0.369 0.009
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 5 mg 0.520 1 -- 0.640 0.147 0.004
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 5 mg 1.700 1 -- 2.091 0.482 0.012
Vitamins Folate, total 5 µg 51 1 -- 63 14 0
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 51 1 -- 63 14 0
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 51 -- -- 63 14 0
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 26 -- -- 32 7 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 3, 4, 5, 6 µg 305 4 54.000 375 86 2
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 5, 6, 7 µg 10 3 10.000 12 3 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 7 µg 0 1 -- 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 516 -- -- 635 146 4
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 6, 7 µg 2903 2 -- 3571 823 20
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 5, 6 mg 2.86 2 -- 3.52 0.81 0.02
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 5 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 5, 6 mg 20.41 2 -- 25.10 5.79 0.14
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 5 mg 0.80 1 -- 0.98 0.23 0.01
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 6 mg 1.67 1 -- 2.05 0.47 0.01
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 5.907 -- -- 7.266 1.675 0.041
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.012 1 -- 0.015 0.003 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1, 5 g 0.004 2 -- 0.005 0.001 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 13:0 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1, 5 g 0.019 2 -- 0.023 0.005 0.000
Lipids 15:0 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1, 5 g 5.265 2 -- 6.476 1.493 0.037
Lipids 17:0 1, 5 g 0.009 2 -- 0.011 0.003 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1, 5 g 0.478 2 -- 0.588 0.136 0.003
Lipids 20:0 1, 5 g 0.046 2 -- 0.057 0.013 0.000
Lipids 22:0 1, 5 g 0.040 2 -- 0.049 0.011 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 23.257 -- -- 28.606 6.593 0.163
Lipids 14:1 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1, 5 g 0.495 2 -- 0.609 0.140 0.003
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1, 5 g 22.674 2 -- 27.889 6.428 0.159
Lipids 20:1 1, 5 g 0.089 2 -- 0.109 0.025 0.001
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1, 5 g 0.000 2 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 14.380 -- -- 17.687 4.077 0.101
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1, 5 g 14.091 2 -- 17.332 3.995 0.099
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c 4 g 14.091 1 -- 17.332 3.995 0.099
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1, 4, 5 g 0.289 3 0.042 0.355 0.082 0.002
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 5 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans 3 g 0.000 1 -- 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 214 1 -- 263 61 1
Lipids Stigmasterol 5 mg 5 1 -- 6 1 0
Lipids Campesterol 5 mg 10 1 -- 12 3 0
Lipids Beta-sitosterol 5 mg 198 1 -- 244 56 1
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 3, 5 g 0.251 -- -- 0.309 0.071 0.002
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 3, 5 g 0.684 -- -- 0.841 0.194 0.005
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 3, 5 g 0.917 -- -- 1.128 0.260 0.006
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 3, 5 g 1.604 -- -- 1.973 0.455 0.011
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 3, 5 g 1.138 -- -- 1.400 0.323 0.008
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 3, 5 g 0.360 -- -- 0.443 0.102 0.003
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 3, 5 g 0.292 -- -- 0.359 0.083 0.002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1, 3, 5 g 1.092 -- -- 1.343 0.310 0.008
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 3, 5 g 0.509 -- -- 0.626 0.144 0.004
Amino Acids Valine 1, 3, 5 g 1.249 -- -- 1.536 0.354 0.009
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 3, 5 g 2.134 -- -- 2.625 0.605 0.015
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 3, 5 g 0.512 -- -- 0.630 0.145 0.004
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 3, 5 g 0.973 -- -- 1.197 0.276 0.007
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 3, 5 g 1.884 -- -- 2.317 0.534 0.013
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 3, 5 g 4.300 -- -- 5.289 1.219 0.030
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 3, 5 g 1.009 -- -- 1.241 0.286 0.007
Amino Acids Proline 1, 3, 5 g 0.938 -- -- 1.154 0.266 0.007
Amino Acids Serine 1, 3, 5 g 1.283 -- -- 1.578 0.364 0.009
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 8, 9 mg 7.3 15 0.75 9.0 2.1 0.1
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 8 mg 3.6 7 1 4.4 1.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 8 mg 2.0 7 0.82 2.5 0.6 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 8 mg 0.8 7 0.46 1.0 0.2 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 8 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 8 mg 0.4 7 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 8 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Hesperetin 8 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavanones Naringenin 8 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 8 mg 0.0 4 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Myricetin 8 mg 0.0 8 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 8 mg 1.5 8 0.64 1.8 0.4 0.0
Isoflavones Daidzein 11, 12 mg 1.87 2 -- 2.30 0.53 0.01
Isoflavones Genistein 11, 12 mg 1.75 2 -- 2.15 0.50 0.01
Isoflavones Glycitein 12 mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 11, 12 mg 3.63 2 -- 4.46 1.03 0.03
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.01 1 -- 0.01 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 10 mg 13.3 7 1.8 16.3 3.8 0.1
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 10 mg 10.5 7 1.22 12.9 3.0 0.1
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 10 mg 42.2 7 5.23 52.0 12.0 0.3
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 10 mg 37.9 7 4.93 46.7 10.8 0.3
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 10 mg 122.5 7 37.1 150.6 34.7 0.9

Sources of Data

1M. Venkatachalam, S.K. Sathe Chemical composition of selected edible nut seeds , 2006 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54   pp.4705-4714
2California Pistachio Commission Nutrition Labeling Database for California Pistachios , 1994    
3Western Pistachio Association Nutrient composition of pistachio nuts , 2009    
4American Pistachio Growers Nutrient composition of pistachio nuts , 2015    
5California Pistachio Commission Nutrient Content of Pistachio Nuts , 1999    
6Y Liu, Jeffrey B. Blumberg, C.-Y. Oliver Chen Quantification and bioaccessibility of California pistachio bioactives , 2014 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62   pp.1550-1556
7A. Perry, H. Rasmussen, E.J. Johnson Xanthophyll (lutein, zeaxanthin) content in fruits, vegetables and corn and egg products , 2009 J Food Comp Anal 22   pp.9-15
8Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
9Wu, X., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., Gebhardt, S. E., and Prior, R. L. Concentrations of anthocyanins in common foods in the United States and estimation of normal consumption. , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.4069-4075
10Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
11Gentile, C., Tesirier, L., Butera, D., Fazzari, M., Monastero, M., Allegra, M., and Livera, M. A.  Antioxidant activity of Sicilian pistachio (Pistacia vera L. Var Bronte) nut extract and its bioactive components. , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.643-648
12Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201

Footnotes
a  Unroasted
Langual Code(s)

  • A0260 NUT OR NUT PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1282 1200 NUT AND SEED PRODUCTS (USDA SR)
  • B1416 PISTACHIO
  • C0155 SEED
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0001 EXTENT OF HEAT TREATMENT NOT KNOWN
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION