United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Statistics Report:  11529, Tomatoes, red, ripe, raw, year round average
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 80.34 39 0.130 92.7 95.73 32.0 94.23 94.8 11 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 06/01/2010
Proximates Energy kcal 15 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 63 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 0.75 19 0.030 0.59 1.06 12.0 0.79 0.96 3 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2 g 0.17 26 0.030 0.07 0.8 19.0 0.13 0.27 5 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 0.42 19 0.010 0.37 0.6 12.0 0.46 0.54 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.31 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2 g 1.0 5 0.200 0.7 2 3.0 0.4 1.9 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total 2 g 2.24 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Sucrose 1, 2 g 0.00 12 0.002 0 0.02 11.0 -0.002 0.005 5 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1, 2 g 1.06 16 0.130 0.49 2.67 15.0 0.96 1.53 7 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Fructose 1, 2 g 1.16 17 0.070 1.1 2.32 16.0 1.22 1.53 7 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Lactose 1, 2 g 0.00 9 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 1, 2 g 0.00 9 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Galactose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Proximates Starch 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2 mg 8 69 0.000 7 18 62.0 9.0 10.0 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2 mg 0.23 70 0.010 0.14 0.79 63.0 0.24 0.3 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2 mg 9 70 0.000 7 15 63.0 10.0 11.0 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2 mg 20 69 0.000 15 37 62.0 22.0 25.0 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2 mg 201 67 5.000 144 385 60.0 226.0 247.0 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2 mg 4 66 0.000 1 24 59.0 3.0 5.0 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2 mg 0.14 70 0.030 0.05 2.42 63.0 0.09 0.23 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2 mg 0.050 70 0.002 0.01 0.13 63.0 0.054 0.064 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2 mg 0.097 70 0.013 0.07 0.94 63.0 0.087 0.141 8 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 0.0 36 0.011 0 0.3 35.0 -- 0.045 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 1 µg 2.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 11.6 25 0.800 7.8 19.8 18.0 11.8 15.4 4 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 06/01/2010
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.031 19 0.004 0.02 0.06 12.0 0.029 0.045 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.016 19 0.001 0.01 0.03 12.0 0.016 0.022 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.505 19 0.032 0.45 0.82 12.0 0.524 0.664 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.076 11 0.014 0.04 0.19 3.0 0.046 0.132 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.068 19 0.003 0.06 0.1 12.0 0.073 0.087 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2 µg 13 19 2.000 1 36 12.0 10.0 19.0 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 13 19 2.000 1 36 12.0 10.0 19.0 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 13 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 1, 2 mg 5.7 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1, 2 mg 0.1 2 -- 0.1 0.1 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 36 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 µg 382 70 2.000 184 572 3.0 441.0 457.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2, 4, 5 µg 86 66 101.000 0 112 59.0 -101.0 304.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2, 5 µg 0 10 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 708 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2, 5, 7 µg 2187 13 54.000 1,136 3,419 2.0 2361.0 2784.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 06/01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2, 5 µg 105 10 4.000 98 138 2.0 105.0 140.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2 mg 0.46 16 0.070 0.05 1.02 15.0 0.38 0.68 4 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.01 16 0.002 0 0.01 15.0 0.003 0.01 4 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.10 16 0.010 0.01 0.24 15.0 0.08 0.15 4 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 16 0.002 0 0.01 15.0 -- 0.007 4 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1, 2 mg 0.01 6 0.005 0 0.04 3.0 -0.001 0.03 3 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1, 2 mg 0.00 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1, 2 mg 0.00 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1, 2 mg 0.00 6 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 6.7 15 4.700 2.2 60 11.0 -2.5 18.3 6 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 09/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.024 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 16:0 g 0.017 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:0 g 0.007 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.026 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.001 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.025 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.071 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.068 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.003 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2016
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Lipids Phytosterols mg 6 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 2, 8 g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 2, 8 g 0.015 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.021 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 2, 8 g 0.005 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 2, 8 g 0.008 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2, 8, 9 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 08/01/2010
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 2, 8 g 0.012 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Valine 1, 2, 8 g 0.015 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 2, 8 g 0.018 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 2, 8 g 0.012 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.115 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.366 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 2, 8 g 0.016 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Proline 1, 2, 8 g 0.013 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Serine 1, 2, 8, 9 g 0.022 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 03/01/2006
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 10 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 10, 11, 12 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 10 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 10, 13 mg 0.6 11 0.16 0 1.5 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 10, 14, 15, 16, 17 mg 0.0 16 0 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.0 15 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Isorhamnetin 20 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 mg 0.1 49 0.02 0 0.84 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23 mg 0.1 22 0.03 0 0.92 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 mg 0.5 96 0.01 0 3.8 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 27, 28, 29 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 27, 28, 29 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 29 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 27, 28, 29 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 25, 26 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 25, 26 mg 0.0 4 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 26 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 26 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 26 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5k , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5d , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 14c , 2009  Beltsville MD  
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6T Philip, T S Chen Development of a method for the quantitative estimation of provitamin A carotenoids in some fruits. , 1988 J. Food Science 53   pp.1703-1707
7C. Y. Lee, R.W. Robinson Influence of the crimson gene (ogc) on vitamin A content of tomato , 1980 Horticultural Science 15   pp.260-261
8Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 4c , 2001  Beltsville MD  
9Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 2c , 1999  Beltsville MD  
10Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
11Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
12de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., & Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C.  Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
13Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
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15Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
16Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Katan, M. B.  Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.2379-2383
17Lugasi, A., and Hovari, J. Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin I. Vegetables , 2000 Acta Alimentaria 29   pp.345-352
18Arabbi, P. R., Genovese, M. I., and Lajolo, F. M.  Flavonoids in vegetable foods commonly consumed in Brazil and estimated ingestion by the Brazilian population. , 2004 J. Agric. Food Chem. 52 5   pp.1124-1131
19Arai, Yusuke, Watanabe, S., Kimira, M., Shimoi, K., Mochizuki, R., and Kinae, N. Dietary intakes of flavonols and isoflavones by Japanese women and inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration , 2000 J. Nutr. 130   pp.2243-2250
20Lako, J., Trenerry, V. C., Wahlqvist, M., Wattanapenpaiboon, N., Sotheeswaran, S., Premier, R.  Phytochemical flavonols, carotenoids and the antioxidant properties of a wide selection of Fijian fruit, vegetables and other readily available foods. , 2007 Food Chemistry 101   pp.1727-1741
21Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J.  Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
22Stewart, A. J., Bozonnet, S., Mullen, W., Jenkins, G., Lean, M. E. J., and Crozier, A. Occurrence of flavonols in tomatoes and tomato-based procucts. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.2663-2669
23Sakakibara, H., Honda, Y., Nakagawa, S., Ashida, H., and Kanazawa, K.  Simultaneous determination of all polyphenols in vegetables, fruits, and teas , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51 3   pp.571-581
24Crozier, A., Lean, M. E. J., McDonald, M. S., and Black, C.  Quantitative analysis of the flavonoid content of commercial tomatoes, onions, lettuce, and celery. , 1997 J. Agric. Food Chem. 45   pp.590-595
25de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
26Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
27Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
28Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725
29Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201