United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
Full Report (All Nutrients):  01123, Egg, whole, raw, fresh
Food Group: Dairy and Egg Products
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.68   Fat Factor:9.02   Protein Factor: 4.36   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 12%   Refuse Description:   Shell
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
large 50g

extra large 56g

jumbo 63g

cup (4.86 large eggs) 243g

medium 44g

small 38g
Proximates Water 1 g 76.15 12 0.121 38.08 42.64 47.97 185.04 33.51 28.94
Proximates Energy kcal 143 -- -- 72 80 90 347 63 54
Proximates Energy kJ 599 -- -- 300 335 377 1456 264 228
Proximates Protein 1 g 12.56 12 0.102 6.28 7.03 7.91 30.52 5.53 4.77
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 9.51 12 0.115 4.76 5.33 5.99 23.11 4.18 3.61
Proximates Ash 1 g 1.06 12 0.034 0.53 0.59 0.67 2.58 0.47 0.40
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 0.72 -- -- 0.36 0.40 0.45 1.75 0.32 0.27
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 2 g 0.0 1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proximates Sugars, total 1 g 0.37 6 0.008 0.18 0.21 0.23 0.90 0.16 0.14
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.00 6 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.37 6 0.008 0.18 0.21 0.23 0.90 0.16 0.14
Proximates Fructose 1 g 0.00 6 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 6 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 6 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose 1 g 0.00 6 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 56 6 0.697 28 31 35 136 25 21
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 1.75 6 0.044 0.88 0.98 1.10 4.25 0.77 0.66
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 12 6 0.240 6 7 8 29 5 5
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 198 6 1.939 99 111 125 481 87 75
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 138 6 1.476 69 77 87 335 61 52
Minerals Sodium, Na 1 mg 142 6 1.138 71 80 89 345 62 54
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 1.29 6 0.017 0.64 0.72 0.81 3.13 0.57 0.49
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.072 6 0.001 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.175 0.032 0.027
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.028 6 0.001 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.068 0.012 0.011
Minerals Selenium, Se 1 µg 30.7 6 2.129 15.4 17.2 19.3 74.6 13.5 11.7
Minerals Fluoride, F 3 µg 1.1 2 -- 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.7 0.5 0.4
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 2, 4 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.040 6 0.003 0.020 0.022 0.025 0.097 0.018 0.015
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.457 6 0.020 0.228 0.256 0.288 1.111 0.201 0.174
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.075 6 0.002 0.038 0.042 0.047 0.182 0.033 0.028
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 1.533 6 0.049 0.766 0.858 0.966 3.725 0.675 0.583
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.170 6 0.004 0.085 0.095 0.107 0.413 0.075 0.065
Vitamins Folate, total 2, 4 µg 47 23 4.966 24 26 30 114 21 18
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 47 23 4.966 24 26 30 114 21 18
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 47 -- -- 24 26 30 114 21 18
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 293.8 6 4.687 146.9 164.5 185.1 713.9 129.3 111.6
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.3 6 0.028 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 1 µg 0.89 6 0.092 0.44 0.50 0.56 2.16 0.39 0.34
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 160 -- -- 80 90 101 389 70 61
Vitamins Retinol 1 µg 160 6 6.614 80 90 101 389 70 61
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 µg 9 6 0.673 4 5 6 22 4 3
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 540 -- -- 270 302 340 1312 238 205
Vitamins Lycopene 1 µg 0 6 0.000 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 503 6 20.991 252 282 317 1222 221 191
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 1.05 6 0.116 0.52 0.59 0.66 2.55 0.46 0.40
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.01 6 0.003 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 0.50 6 0.042 0.25 0.28 0.32 1.22 0.22 0.19
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.06 6 0.030 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.15 0.03 0.02
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 2.0 10 -- 1.0 1.1 1.3 4.9 0.9 0.8
Vitamins Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 1 µg 2.0 10 0.801 1.0 1.1 1.3 4.9 0.9 0.8
Vitamins Vitamin D 1 IU 82 10 32.027 41 46 52 199 36 31
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 2, 4 µg 0.3 2 -- 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.1
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 3.126 -- -- 1.563 1.751 1.969 7.596 1.375 1.188
Lipids 4:0 1 g 0.004 12 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.010 0.002 0.002
Lipids 6:0 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.004 12 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.010 0.002 0.002
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.006 12 0.000 0.003 0.003 0.004 0.015 0.003 0.002
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.033 12 0.001 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.080 0.015 0.013
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.008 12 0.000 0.004 0.004 0.005 0.019 0.004 0.003
Lipids 16:0 1 g 2.231 12 0.039 1.116 1.249 1.406 5.421 0.982 0.848
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.022 12 0.001 0.011 0.012 0.014 0.053 0.010 0.008
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.811 12 0.016 0.406 0.454 0.511 1.971 0.357 0.308
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.003 12 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.007 0.001 0.001
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.004 12 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.010 0.002 0.002
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 3.658 -- -- 1.829 2.048 2.305 8.889 1.610 1.390
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.007 12 0.000 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.017 0.003 0.003
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.201 12 0.008 0.100 0.113 0.127 0.488 0.088 0.076
Lipids 16:1 c 1 g 0.198 12 0.008 0.099 0.111 0.125 0.481 0.087 0.075
Lipids 16:1 t 1 g 0.003 12 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.007 0.001 0.001
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.012 12 0.001 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.029 0.005 0.005
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 3.411 12 0.050 1.706 1.910 2.149 8.289 1.501 1.296
Lipids 18:1 c 1 g 3.388 12 0.051 1.694 1.897 2.134 8.233 1.491 1.287
Lipids 18:1 t 1 g 0.023 12 0.002 0.012 0.013 0.014 0.056 0.010 0.009
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.027 12 0.001 0.014 0.015 0.017 0.066 0.012 0.010
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 c 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 t 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:1 c 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 1.911 -- -- 0.956 1.070 1.204 4.644 0.841 0.726
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 1.555 12 0.062 0.778 0.871 0.980 3.779 0.684 0.591
Lipids 18:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 1.531 12 0.062 0.766 0.857 0.965 3.720 0.674 0.582
Lipids 18:2 CLAs 1 g 0.012 12 0.001 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.029 0.005 0.005
Lipids 18:2 t not further defined 1 g 0.012 12 0.001 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.029 0.005 0.005
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.048 12 0.002 0.024 0.027 0.030 0.117 0.021 0.018
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 1 g 0.036 12 0.002 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.087 0.016 0.014
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.012 12 0.000 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.029 0.005 0.005
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.018 12 0.001 0.009 0.010 0.011 0.044 0.008 0.007
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.023 12 0.000 0.012 0.013 0.014 0.056 0.010 0.009
Lipids 20:3 n-6 1 g 0.022 12 0.000 0.011 0.012 0.014 0.053 0.010 0.008
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.188 12 0.005 0.094 0.105 0.118 0.457 0.083 0.071
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 12 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:4 1 g 0.013 12 0.001 0.007 0.007 0.008 0.032 0.006 0.005
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.007 12 0.000 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.017 0.003 0.003
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.058 12 0.002 0.029 0.032 0.037 0.141 0.026 0.022
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.038 -- -- 0.019 0.021 0.024 0.092 0.017 0.014
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic g 0.026 -- -- 0.013 0.015 0.016 0.063 0.011 0.010
Lipids Cholesterol 1 mg 372 12 6.718 186 208 234 904 164 141
Amino Acids Tryptophan 2, 4 g 0.167 -- -- 0.083 0.094 0.105 0.406 0.073 0.063
Amino Acids Threonine 2, 4 g 0.556 -- -- 0.278 0.311 0.350 1.351 0.245 0.211
Amino Acids Isoleucine 2, 4 g 0.671 -- -- 0.336 0.376 0.423 1.631 0.295 0.255
Amino Acids Leucine 2, 4 g 1.086 -- -- 0.543 0.608 0.684 2.639 0.478 0.413
Amino Acids Lysine 2, 4 g 0.912 -- -- 0.456 0.511 0.575 2.216 0.401 0.347
Amino Acids Methionine 2, 4 g 0.380 -- -- 0.190 0.213 0.239 0.923 0.167 0.144
Amino Acids Cystine 2, 4 g 0.272 -- -- 0.136 0.152 0.171 0.661 0.120 0.103
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2, 4 g 0.680 -- -- 0.340 0.381 0.428 1.652 0.299 0.258
Amino Acids Tyrosine 2, 4 g 0.499 -- -- 0.250 0.279 0.314 1.213 0.220 0.190
Amino Acids Valine 2, 4 g 0.858 -- -- 0.429 0.480 0.541 2.085 0.378 0.326
Amino Acids Arginine 2, 4 g 0.820 -- -- 0.410 0.459 0.517 1.993 0.361 0.312
Amino Acids Histidine 2, 4 g 0.309 -- -- 0.154 0.173 0.195 0.751 0.136 0.117
Amino Acids Alanine 2, 4 g 0.735 -- -- 0.368 0.412 0.463 1.786 0.323 0.279
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 2, 4 g 1.329 -- -- 0.664 0.744 0.837 3.229 0.585 0.505
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 2, 4 g 1.673 -- -- 0.836 0.937 1.054 4.065 0.736 0.636
Amino Acids Glycine 2, 4 g 0.432 -- -- 0.216 0.242 0.272 1.050 0.190 0.164
Amino Acids Proline 2, 4 g 0.512 -- -- 0.256 0.287 0.323 1.244 0.225 0.195
Amino Acids Serine 2, 4 g 0.971 -- -- 0.486 0.544 0.612 2.360 0.427 0.369
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Isoflavones Daidzein 5, 6 mg 0.02 2 -- 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.01
Isoflavones Genistein 5, 6 mg 0.02 1 -- 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.01
Isoflavones Glycitein mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 5, 6 mg 0.05 1 -- 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.02
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.05 1 -- 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.02
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.05 1 -- 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.02
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 14e , 2010  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6b , 2002  Beltsville MD  
3A. Kingman Unpublished data. NIDR/NIH, 1984 , 1984 Unpublished data. NIDR/NIH, 1984.   
4Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5b , 2000  Beltsville MD  
5Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M. Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
6Pei et al. Isoflavone content of eggs sampled in the Beltsville, Maryland Area. , 2015 Unpublished data