United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Full Report (All Nutrients):  11282, Onions, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Allium cepa
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.84   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.78   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 10%   Refuse Description:   Stem ends, sprouts and defects
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup, chopped 160 g

cup, sliced 115 g

tbsp chopped 10 g

large 150 g

slice, large (1/4" thick) 38 g

medium (2-1/2" dia) 110 g

slice, medium (1/8" thick) 14 g

small 70 g

slice, thin 9 g

rings 60 g
Proximates Water 1 g 89.11 34 0.240 142.58 102.48 8.91 133.66 33.86 98.02 12.48 62.38 8.02 53.47
Proximates Energy kcal 40 -- -- 64 46 4 60 15 44 6 28 4 24
Proximates Energy kJ 166 -- -- 266 191 17 249 63 183 23 116 15 100
Proximates Protein 1 g 1.10 25 0.030 1.76 1.27 0.11 1.65 0.42 1.21 0.15 0.77 0.10 0.66
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.10 22 0.005 0.16 0.12 0.01 0.15 0.04 0.11 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.06
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.35 24 0.003 0.56 0.40 0.04 0.53 0.13 0.39 0.05 0.24 0.03 0.21
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 9.34 -- -- 14.94 10.74 0.93 14.01 3.55 10.27 1.31 6.54 0.84 5.60
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 1.7 10 0.048 2.7 2.0 0.2 2.5 0.6 1.9 0.2 1.2 0.2 1.0
Proximates Sugars, total g 4.24 -- -- 6.78 4.88 0.42 6.36 1.61 4.66 0.59 2.97 0.38 2.54
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.99 16 0.050 1.58 1.14 0.10 1.49 0.38 1.09 0.14 0.69 0.09 0.59
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 1.97 16 0.050 3.15 2.27 0.20 2.96 0.75 2.17 0.28 1.38 0.18 1.18
Proximates Fructose 1 g 1.29 16 0.050 2.06 1.48 0.13 1.94 0.49 1.42 0.18 0.90 0.12 0.77
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Galactose g 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proximates Starch 1 g 0.00 3 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 23 89 0.000 37 26 2 34 9 25 3 16 2 14
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 0.21 90 0.008 0.34 0.24 0.02 0.32 0.08 0.23 0.03 0.15 0.02 0.13
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 10 90 0.000 16 12 1 15 4 11 1 7 1 6
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 29 89 0.000 46 33 3 44 11 32 4 20 3 17
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 146 89 2.000 234 168 15 219 55 161 20 102 13 88
Minerals Sodium, Na 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 4 81 0.000 6 5 0 6 2 4 1 3 0 2
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 0.17 90 0.004 0.27 0.20 0.02 0.26 0.06 0.19 0.02 0.12 0.02 0.10
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 0.039 86 0.002 0.062 0.045 0.004 0.058 0.015 0.043 0.005 0.027 0.004 0.023
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 0.129 89 0.004 0.206 0.148 0.013 0.194 0.049 0.142 0.018 0.090 0.012 0.077
Minerals Selenium, Se 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 µg 0.5 49 0.100 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3
Minerals Fluoride, F 9, 10 µg 1.1 12 0.100 1.8 1.3 0.1 1.6 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.7
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 7.4 17 0.053 11.8 8.5 0.7 11.1 2.8 8.1 1.0 5.2 0.7 4.4
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.046 25 0.001 0.074 0.053 0.005 0.069 0.017 0.051 0.006 0.032 0.004 0.028
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.027 12 0.002 0.043 0.031 0.003 0.041 0.010 0.030 0.004 0.019 0.002 0.016
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.116 15 0.003 0.186 0.133 0.012 0.174 0.044 0.128 0.016 0.081 0.010 0.070
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.123 24 0.002 0.197 0.141 0.012 0.184 0.047 0.135 0.017 0.086 0.011 0.074
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.120 25 0.004 0.192 0.138 0.012 0.180 0.046 0.132 0.017 0.084 0.011 0.072
Vitamins Folate, total µg 19 17 0.000 30 22 2 28 7 21 3 13 2 11
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 19 17 0.000 30 22 2 28 7 21 3 13 2 11
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 19 -- -- 30 22 2 28 7 21 3 13 2 11
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 6.1 -- -- 9.8 7.0 0.6 9.2 2.3 6.7 0.9 4.3 0.5 3.7
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.1 1 -- 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta µg 1 -- -- 2 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 1
Vitamins Carotene, alpha µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 2 -- -- 3 2 0 3 1 2 0 1 0 1
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 4 -- -- 6 5 0 6 2 4 1 3 0 2
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 mg 0.02 5 0.000 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1 mg 0.04 5 0.002 0.06 0.05 0.00 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.02
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 0.4 9 0.011 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.2
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.042 -- -- 0.067 0.048 0.004 0.063 0.016 0.046 0.006 0.029 0.004 0.025
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.004 4 0.000 0.006 0.005 0.000 0.006 0.002 0.004 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.002
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.034 4 0.003 0.054 0.039 0.003 0.051 0.013 0.037 0.005 0.024 0.003 0.020
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.004 4 0.000 0.006 0.005 0.000 0.006 0.002 0.004 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.002
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.013 -- -- 0.021 0.015 0.001 0.019 0.005 0.014 0.002 0.009 0.001 0.008
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.013 4 0.002 0.021 0.015 0.001 0.019 0.005 0.014 0.002 0.009 0.001 0.008
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.017 -- -- 0.027 0.020 0.002 0.026 0.006 0.019 0.002 0.012 0.002 0.010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.013 4 0.002 0.021 0.015 0.001 0.019 0.005 0.014 0.002 0.009 0.001 0.008
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.004 4 0.000 0.006 0.005 0.000 0.006 0.002 0.004 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.002
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 4 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lipids Phytosterols mg 15 1 -- 24 17 2 22 6 16 2 10 1 9
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.014 -- -- 0.022 0.016 0.001 0.021 0.005 0.015 0.002 0.010 0.001 0.008
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.021 -- -- 0.034 0.024 0.002 0.032 0.008 0.023 0.003 0.015 0.002 0.013
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.014 -- -- 0.022 0.016 0.001 0.021 0.005 0.015 0.002 0.010 0.001 0.008
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.025 -- -- 0.040 0.029 0.003 0.037 0.010 0.028 0.004 0.018 0.002 0.015
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.039 -- -- 0.062 0.045 0.004 0.058 0.015 0.043 0.005 0.027 0.004 0.023
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.002 -- -- 0.003 0.002 0.000 0.003 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.001
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.004 -- -- 0.006 0.005 0.000 0.006 0.002 0.004 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.025 -- -- 0.040 0.029 0.003 0.037 0.010 0.028 0.004 0.018 0.002 0.015
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.014 -- -- 0.022 0.016 0.001 0.021 0.005 0.015 0.002 0.010 0.001 0.008
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.021 -- -- 0.034 0.024 0.002 0.032 0.008 0.023 0.003 0.015 0.002 0.013
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.104 -- -- 0.166 0.120 0.010 0.156 0.040 0.114 0.015 0.073 0.009 0.062
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.014 -- -- 0.022 0.016 0.001 0.021 0.005 0.015 0.002 0.010 0.001 0.008
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.021 -- -- 0.034 0.024 0.002 0.032 0.008 0.023 0.003 0.015 0.002 0.013
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.091 -- -- 0.146 0.105 0.009 0.137 0.035 0.100 0.013 0.064 0.008 0.055
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.258 -- -- 0.413 0.297 0.026 0.387 0.098 0.284 0.036 0.181 0.023 0.155
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.025 -- -- 0.040 0.029 0.003 0.037 0.010 0.028 0.004 0.018 0.002 0.015
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.012 -- -- 0.019 0.014 0.001 0.018 0.005 0.013 0.002 0.008 0.001 0.007
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.021 -- -- 0.034 0.024 0.002 0.032 0.008 0.023 0.003 0.015 0.002 0.013
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 11, 12 mg 0.0 7 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Apigenin 13, 14, 15, 16 mg 0.0 19 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavones Luteolin 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 mg 0.0 20 0.01 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Isorhamnetin 18, 19 mg 5.0 43 0.69 8.0 5.8 0.5 7.5 1.9 5.5 0.7 3.5 0.5 3.0
Flavonols Kaempferol 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23 mg 0.7 25 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4
Flavonols Myricetin 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23 mg 0.0 21 0.01 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flavonols Quercetin 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 mg 20.3 400 0.78 32.5 23.3 2.0 30.4 7.7 22.3 2.8 14.2 1.8 12.2
Isoflavones Daidzein 34, 35 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Genistein 34, 35 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 34, 35 mg 0.00 2 -- 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 31, 32, 33 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 31, 32, 33 mg 0.0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 32, 33 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 32, 33 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 32, 33 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sources of Data

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Langual Code(s)

  • A0152 VEGETABLE OR VEGETABLE PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1281 1100 VEGETABLES AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTS (USDA SR)
  • B1300 ONION
  • C0240 ROOT, TUBER OR BULB, WITHOUT PEEL
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION