United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Full Report (All Nutrients):  11024, Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), pods, raw
Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products
Scientific Name:  Momordica charantia
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.57   Fat Factor:8.37   Protein Factor: 2.44   Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25  
Refuse: 17%   Refuse Description:   Tough stems and leaves
heading Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
cup (1/2" pieces) 93 g

balsam-pear 124 g
Proximates Water g 94.03 2 -- 87.45 116.60
Proximates Energy kcal 17 -- -- 16 21
Proximates Energy kJ 71 -- -- 66 88
Proximates Protein g 1.00 2 -- 0.93 1.24
Proximates Total lipid (fat) g 0.17 2 -- 0.16 0.21
Proximates Ash g 1.10 -- -- 1.02 1.36
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.70 -- -- 3.44 4.59
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 2.8 -- -- 2.6 3.5
Minerals Calcium, Ca mg 19 1 -- 18 24
Minerals Iron, Fe mg 0.43 2 -- 0.40 0.53
Minerals Magnesium, Mg mg 17 1 -- 16 21
Minerals Phosphorus, P mg 31 2 -- 29 38
Minerals Potassium, K mg 296 1 -- 275 367
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 5 1 -- 5 6
Minerals Zinc, Zn mg 0.80 -- -- 0.74 0.99
Minerals Copper, Cu mg 0.034 -- -- 0.032 0.042
Minerals Manganese, Mn mg 0.089 -- -- 0.083 0.110
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 0.2 -- -- 0.2 0.2
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 84.0 1 -- 78.1 104.2
Vitamins Thiamin mg 0.040 1 -- 0.037 0.050
Vitamins Riboflavin mg 0.040 1 -- 0.037 0.050
Vitamins Niacin mg 0.400 1 -- 0.372 0.496
Vitamins Pantothenic acid mg 0.212 -- -- 0.197 0.263
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 mg 0.043 -- -- 0.040 0.053
Vitamins Folate, total µg 72 -- -- 67 89
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Folate, food µg 72 -- -- 67 89
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 72 -- -- 67 89
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 24 -- -- 22 30
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1 µg 190 10 -- 177 236
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1 µg 185 10 -- 172 229
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 471 -- -- 438 584
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 µg 170 10 -- 158 211
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0

Sources of Data

1D B Rodriguez, L C Raymundo, K L Simpson, C O Chichester Carotenoid pigment changes in ripening Momordica charantia fruits , 1976 Ann Bot (London) 40   pp.615-624
Langual Code(s)

  • A0152 VEGETABLE OR VEGETABLE PRODUCT (US CFR)
  • A1281 1100 VEGETABLES AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTS (USDA SR)
  • B1101 BITTER MELON
  • C0158 POD OR SEED
  • E0150 WHOLE, NATURAL SHAPE
  • F0003 NOT HEAT-TREATED
  • G0003 COOKING METHOD NOT APPLICABLE
  • H0003 NO TREATMENT APPLIED
  • J0001 PRESERVATION METHOD NOT KNOWN
  • K0003 NO PACKING MEDIUM USED
  • M0001 CONTAINER OR WRAPPING NOT KNOWN
  • N0001 FOOD CONTACT SURFACE NOT KNOWN
  • P0024 HUMAN FOOD, NO AGE SPECIFICATION