United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  11011, Asparagus, raw
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1 g 93.22 1 -- 92.62 93.7 7.0 -- -- 4 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 20 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2007
Proximates Energy kJ 85 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2007
Proximates Protein 1 g 2.20 4 0.020 2.14 2.25 3.0 2.12 2.27 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.12 6 0.010 0 0.22 3.0 0.07 0.16 2 Aggregated data involving comb. of codes other then 1,12 or6 -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1 g 0.58 4 0.009 0.56 0.6 3.0 0.55 0.61 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 3.88 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2007
Proximates Fiber, total dietary g 2.1 4 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total g 1.88 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 03/01/2006
Proximates Sucrose 1 g 0.23 5 0.190 0.03 1 4.0 -0.31 0.76 2 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.65 6 0.100 0.32 1.02 5.0 0.38 0.92 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Fructose 1 g 1.00 6 0.100 0.68 1.4 5.0 0.74 1.26 3 Aggregated data involving combinations of source codes 1 &12 -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Lactose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Galactose g 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1 mg 24 4 1.000 22 28 3.0 20.0 28.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe 1 mg 2.14 4 1.350 0.74 6.2 3.0 -2.16 6.44 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 14 4 0.000 13 15 3.0 12.0 15.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1 mg 52 4 0.000 51 53 3.0 50.0 53.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1 mg 202 4 8.000 192 227 3.0 175.0 228.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Sodium, Na mg 2 17 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1984
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.54 4 0.020 0.49 0.6 3.0 0.47 0.61 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.189 4 0.028 0.12 0.24 3.0 0.102 0.277 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.158 4 0.015 0.14 0.2 3.0 0.11 0.206 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se µg 2.3 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/1992
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 5.6 4 0.200 5.2 6.2 3.0 4.9 6.3 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Thiamin 1 mg 0.143 4 0.016 0.1 0.17 3.0 0.091 0.194 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 1 mg 0.141 4 0.007 0.13 0.16 3.0 0.119 0.163 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 1 mg 0.978 4 0.034 0.89 1.03 3.0 0.869 1.088 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.274 4 0.020 0.23 0.32 3.0 0.211 0.338 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.091 4 0.009 0.07 0.11 3.0 0.062 0.12 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 52 4 6.000 40 70 3.0 31.0 72.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 52 4 6.000 40 70 3.0 31.0 72.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 52 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2007
Vitamins Choline, total 1 mg 16.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1 mg 0.6 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE µg 38 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2007
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 2, 3 µg 449 6 76.000 317 581 2.0 120.0 777.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 2, 3 µg 9 6 5.000 0 17 2.0 -12.0 30.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2 µg 0 27 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU IU 756 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2007
Vitamins Lycopene µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin µg 710 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 11012 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 1.13 2 -- 0.98 1.27 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma mg 0.09 2 -- 0.07 0.11 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 µg 41.6 4 2.700 34.3 47 3.0 33.0 50.2 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.040 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 8:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 10:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 12:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 14:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 15:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 16:0 1 g 0.040 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 17:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 18:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 24:0 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 14:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 15:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 17:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:1 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.050 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1 g 0.040 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.010 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 18:4 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 1 g 0.000 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1984
Lipids Phytosterols mg 24 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1984
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1 g 0.027 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Threonine 1 g 0.084 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1 g 0.075 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Leucine 1 g 0.128 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Lysine 1 g 0.104 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Methionine 1 g 0.031 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Cystine 1 g 0.031 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.075 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1 g 0.052 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Valine 1 g 0.115 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Arginine 1 g 0.091 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Histidine 1 g 0.049 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Alanine 1 g 0.115 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1 g 0.508 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1 g 0.233 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Glycine 1 g 0.093 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Proline 1 g 0.071 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Amino Acids Serine 1 g 0.106 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2006
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Flavonols Isorhamnetin 4 mg 5.7 10 0.91 0.46 10.28 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 4, 5 mg 1.4 11 0.44 0 5.2 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 5 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 mg 14.0 36 0.91 0.05 28.72 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 9, 10 mg 0.03 2 -- 0 0.06 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 9, 10 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 9, 10 mg 0.03 2 -- 0 0.06 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.05 1 -- 0.05 0.05 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 6h , 2002  Beltsville MD  
2J L Bureau, R J Bushway HPLC determination of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables in the United States , 1986 J Food Sci 52   pp.128-130
3R J Bushway Determination of alpha- and beta-carotene in some raw fruits and vegetables by high-performance liquid chromatography , 1986 J Agr Food Chem 34   pp.409-412
4Fuentes-Alventosa, J. M., Rodr�guez, G., Cerme�o, P., Jim�nez. A., Guil�n, R., Fern�ndez-Bola�os, J., and Rodr�guez-Arcos, R.  Identification of flavonoid diglycosides in several genotypes of asparagus from Hu�tor-T�jar population variety , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.10028-10035
5Kevers, C., Falkowski, M., Tabart, J., Defraigne, J-O., Dommes, J., and Pincemail, J.  Evolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables , 2007 J. Agric. Food Chem. 55   pp.8596-8603
6Fanasca, S., Rouphael, Y., Venneria, E., Azzini, E., Duazzo, A., and Maiani, G.  Antioxidant properties of raw and cooked spears of green asparagus cultivars. , 2009 Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 44   pp.1017-1023
7Makris, D.P. and Rossiter, J.T.  Domestic processing of onion bulbs (Allium cepa) and asparagus spears (Asparagus officinalis): Effect on flavonol content and antioxidant status , 2001 J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 7   pp.3216-3222
8Sakakibara, H., Honda, Y., Nakagawa, S., Ashida, H., and Kanazawa, K.  Simultaneous determination of all polyphenols in vegetables, fruits, and teas , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51 3   pp.571-581
9Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
10Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, C., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., and Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of vegetables. , 2000 Brit. J. Nutr. 84   pp.717-725