United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09291, Plums, dried (prunes), uncooked
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8 g 30.92 14 2.260 18.78 37.5 5.0 25.09 36.74 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 240 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 1006 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 2.18 8 0.030 1.92 2.39 6.0 2.1 2.26 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 0.38 9 0.110 0.19 0.6 2.0 -0.11 0.86 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 2.64 8 0.380 1.5 3.81 6.0 1.71 3.57 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 63.88 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 8 g 7.1 10 0.300 6.2 8 2.0 5.7 8.3 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 4, 5, 6 g 38.13 10 6.330 23.39 63 3.0 17.95 58.29 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Proximates Sucrose 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 g 0.15 12 0.040 0 0.32 4.0 0.03 0.27 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 25.46 15 2.990 15.38 45.4 5.0 17.84 33.24 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Fructose 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 g 12.45 15 1.400 5.93 17.6 5.0 8.88 16.09 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Lactose 1, 2, 6 g 0.00 9 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Maltose 1, 2, 6 g 0.06 9 0.060 0 0.34 2.0 -0.2 0.32 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Galactose 2 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Proximates Starch 1, 2 g 5.11 2 -- 1.7 8.53 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 43 42 1.000 19 72 12.0 39.0 45.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.93 42 0.050 0.67 1.56 12.0 0.81 1.04 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 41 42 0.000 30 47 12.0 39.0 42.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 69 42 1.000 53 81 12.0 66.0 72.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 732 42 6.000 630 826 12.0 716.0 746.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 2 38 0.000 0 4 12.0 1.0 1.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.44 42 0.010 0.17 0.69 12.0 0.4 0.46 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.281 42 0.011 0.13 0.37 12.0 0.257 0.304 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 mg 0.299 42 0.011 0.22 0.59 12.0 0.275 0.323 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se 1, 2 µg 0.3 8 0.062 0.1 0.7 3.0 0.099 0.4 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 20 µg 4.0 9 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2 mg 0.6 8 0.048 0.3 0.7 3.0 0.4 0.7 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.051 8 0.003 0.04 0.07 3.0 0.043 0.06 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.186 8 0.020 0.01 0.39 4.0 0.128 0.244 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 1.882 8 0.044 1.59 2.23 4.0 1.754 2.01 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.422 8 0.013 0.29 0.56 6.0 0.389 0.455 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.205 6 0.009 0.12 0.37 2.0 0.15 0.26 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 1 µg 4 4 0.000 4 4 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 4 4 0.000 4 4 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 4 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 1, 2 mg 10.1 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 1, 2 mg 0.4 2 -- 0.4 0.5 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1, 2, 21 µg 39 31 11.000 16 82 2.0 -10.0 88.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 21 µg 394 31 117.000 150 834 2.0 -111.0 899.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2, 21 µg 57 31 17.000 22 115 2.0 -18.0 131.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2, 21 µg 93 31 24.000 42 196 2.0 -12.0 198.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 2, 21 IU 781 31 230.000 325 1,649 2.0 -210.0 1772.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2 µg 0 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2, 21 µg 148 31 18.000 87 256 2.0 68.0 227.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 3 mg 0.43 5 0.100 0.15 0.54 1.0 -0.95 1.81 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 3 mg 0.02 5 0.020 0 0.11 1.0 -0.26 0.3 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1, 3 mg 0.01 5 0.010 0 0.02 1.0 -0.11 0.13 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2 µg 59.5 8 1.700 51.1 68.1 6.0 55.2 63.7 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.088 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 8:0 1, 2 g 0.007 4 0.007 0 0.03 1.0 -0.082 0.096 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 10:0 1, 2 g 0.005 4 0.004 0 0.02 1.0 -0.052 0.061 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 12:0 1, 2 g 0.001 4 0.000 0 0 1.0 -0.002 0.004 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 14:0 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 1.0 -0.003 0.003 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 15:0 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 16:0 1, 2 g 0.030 4 0.003 0.02 0.04 1.0 0.01 0.05 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 17:0 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:0 1, 2 g 0.044 4 0.001 0.01 0.08 1.0 0.038 0.05 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:0 1, 2 g 0.001 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 22:0 1, 2 g 0.001 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.053 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 14:1 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 15:1 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.039 4 0.000 0 0.08 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 17:1 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.014 4 0.003 0.01 0.02 2.0 -0.001 0.028 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:1 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.062 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.044 4 0.005 0.04 0.06 1.0 -0.01 0.099 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.017 4 0.000 0.01 0.02 1.0 0.014 0.02 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 1 g 0.000 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 1, 2 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 1, 2 g 0.025 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Threonine 1, 2 g 0.049 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Isoleucine 1, 2 g 0.041 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Leucine 1, 2 g 0.066 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Lysine 1, 2 g 0.050 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Methionine 1, 2 g 0.016 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Cystine 1, 2 g 0.011 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 1 g 0.052 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Amino Acids Tyrosine 1, 2 g 0.021 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Valine 1, 2 g 0.056 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Arginine 1, 2 g 0.037 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Histidine 1, 2 g 0.027 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Alanine 1, 2 g 0.066 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 1, 2 g 0.801 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 1, 2 g 0.114 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Glycine 1, 2 g 0.047 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Proline 1, 2 g 0.130 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Amino Acids Serine 1, 2 g 0.059 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 10/01/2002
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 10/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 22, 23 mg 0.7 9 0.27 0 2.4 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 22, 23 mg 0.0 9 0.02 0 0.2 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 22, 23 mg 0.0 9 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 23 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 23 mg 0.0 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 22, 23 mg 0.0 9 0 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 22, 23 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 22 mg 0.0 2 -- 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 22, 23 mg 0.0 9 0 0 0.03 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 22, 23 mg 1.8 9 0.6 0 4 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 25, 26, 27 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 25, 26, 27 mg 0.00 3 0.01 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Glycitein 27 mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 25, 26, 27 mg 0.00 3 0.01 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Biochanin A mg 0.00 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Formononetin mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Coumestrol mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 24 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5f , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5L , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1991 , 1991  Beltsville MD  
4W.J. Hurst, R.A. Martin, B.L. Zoumas Application of HPLC to Characterization of Individual Carbohydrates in Foods , 1979 Journal of Food Science 44   pp.892-893
5Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Variability of the sugar content of foods , 1989  Beltsville MD  
6Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Dietary Fiber and Sugars in Commonly Consumed Foods , 1994  Beltsville MD  
7D.A. Kline Quantitative determination of sugars in fruits by GLC separation of TMS derivatives , 1970 Journal of AOAC International 53 6   pp.1198-1202
8J Marlett, N Vollendorf Dietary fiber content and composition of different forms of fruits , 1994 Food Chemistry 51   pp.39-44
9Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1995    
10Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1996    
11Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1997    
12Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1998    
13Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1999    
14Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1991    
15Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1992    
16Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1989    
17Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1990    
18Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1993    
19Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1994    
20Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
21California Prune Board Carotenoid Analysis of Prunes , 2000    
22Franke, A.A., Custer, L.J., Arakaki, C., and Murphy, S.P. Vitamin C and flavonoid levels of fruits and vegetables consumed in Hawaii. , 2004 J. Food Comp. Anal. 17   pp.1-35
23Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
24Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Screening foods containing proanthocyanidins and their structural characterization using LC-MS/MS and thiolytic degradation , 2003 J. Agric. Food Chem. 51   pp.7513-7521
25Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
26Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331
27Thompson, L. U., Boucher, B. A., Liu, Z., Cotterchio, M., and Kreiger, N.  Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. , 2006 Nutr. Cancer 54   pp.184-201