United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Try FoodData Central Statistics Report:  09279, Plums, raw
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3 g 87.23 10 0.320 85.5 89.46 4.0 86.3 88.15 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Energy kcal 46 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Proximates Energy kJ 192 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Proximates Protein 1, 2 g 0.70 9 0.030 0.57 0.89 6.0 0.61 0.79 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3 g 0.28 10 0.040 0.01 0.51 5.0 0.16 0.39 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Ash 1, 2 g 0.37 9 0.008 0.31 0.44 6.0 0.34 0.38 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 11.42 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2 g 1.4 7 0.075 1.2 1.7 3.0 1.1 1.6 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Sugars, total 1, 2 g 9.92 8 0.370 8.6 11.59 4.0 8.91 10.92 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Sucrose 1, 2 g 1.57 8 0.260 0.28 2.53 5.0 0.91 2.22 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 1, 2 g 5.07 8 0.260 4.05 6.23 5.0 4.35 5.77 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Fructose 1, 2 g 3.07 8 0.120 2.35 3.88 5.0 2.75 3.38 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Lactose 1, 2 g 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Maltose 1, 2 g 0.08 8 0.020 0 0.26 3.0 0.01 0.14 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Galactose 1, 2 g 0.14 8 0.140 0 1.12 3.0 -0.3 0.58 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Proximates Starch 1 g 0.00 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 6 39 0.000 4 26 11.0 4.0 7.0 12 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 0.17 44 0.020 0.07 0.59 12.0 0.11 0.22 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 7 44 0.000 5 9 12.0 6.0 7.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 16 44 0.000 9 25 12.0 14.0 17.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 157 41 3.000 111 207 12.0 147.0 165.0 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Minerals Sodium, Na 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 0 37 0.000 0 2 11.0 -- -- 12 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 0.10 44 0.010 0.04 0.3 12.0 0.07 0.13 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 0.057 44 0.005 0.01 0.15 12.0 0.047 0.068 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mg 0.052 44 0.003 0.02 0.09 12.0 0.044 0.059 13 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Selenium, Se 2 µg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 1.0 -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Minerals Fluoride, F 15 µg 2.0 9 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 9.5 5 0.800 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 2 mg 0.028 8 0.004 0.01 0.05 3.0 0.015 0.042 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 2 mg 0.026 8 0.001 0.01 0.04 3.0 0.024 0.029 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Niacin 1, 2 mg 0.417 8 0.027 0.3 0.55 6.0 0.35 0.484 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 2 mg 0.135 8 0.009 0.08 0.21 5.0 0.112 0.159 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 2 mg 0.029 8 0.000 0.02 0.04 3.0 0.028 0.03 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2 µg 5 8 0.000 3 7 3.0 5.0 5.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 5 8 0.000 3 7 3.0 5.0 5.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 5 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Vitamins Choline, total mg 1.9 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09291 01/01/2007
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 1, 2 µg 17 7 2.000 10 28 5.0 11.0 22.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2 µg 190 7 23.000 109 305 5.0 128.0 250.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2 µg 0 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 1, 2 µg 35 7 7.000 13 72 4.0 12.0 57.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 2 IU 345 7 43.000 193 555 5.0 233.0 456.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Lycopene 1, 2 µg 0 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 1, 2 µg 73 7 12.000 37 122 5.0 39.0 106.0 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 3 mg 0.26 5 0.060 0.2 0.46 1.0 -0.54 1.07 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 1, 3 mg 0.08 5 0.070 0 0.16 1.0 -0.88 1.05 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 1, 3 mg 0.00 5 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 1, 3 mg 0.04 3 0.030 0 0.07 1.0 -0.41 0.48 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 1, 3 mg 0.00 3 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 1, 3 mg 0.01 3 0.007 0 0.01 1.0 -0.08 0.1 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 1 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1, 2, 16 µg 6.4 8 0.900 4.4 8.2 2.0 2.3 10.3 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.017 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 12:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 14:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 16:0 g 0.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 18:0 g 0.003 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.134 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated g 0.132 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.044 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated g 0.044 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2007
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2015
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Lipids Phytosterols mg 7 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/1982
Amino Acids Tryptophan 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Threonine 2 g 0.010 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Isoleucine 2 g 0.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Leucine 2 g 0.015 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Lysine 2 g 0.016 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Methionine 2 g 0.008 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Cystine 2 g 0.002 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Phenylalanine 2 g 0.014 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Tyrosine 2 g 0.008 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Valine 2 g 0.016 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Arginine 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Histidine 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Alanine 2 g 0.028 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Aspartic acid 2 g 0.352 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Glutamic acid 2 g 0.035 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Glycine 2 g 0.009 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Proline 2 g 0.027 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Amino Acids Serine 2 g 0.023 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2002
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 05/01/2003
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 12/01/2002
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 17, 18, 19, 20 mg 5.6 77 0.77 0.84 40.43 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 17, 18, 19 mg 0.3 69 0.04 0 2.1 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 17, 21, 22, 23 mg 2.9 20 0.44 0 5.82 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 17, 21, 22 mg 0.2 15 0.1 0 1.19 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 17, 21, 22, 23 mg 3.2 20 0.49 0 10.38 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 17, 21, 22 mg 0.8 15 0.43 0 4.98 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 17, 21, 22 mg 0.4 14 0.21 0 2.47 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 17, 21, 22 mg 0.1 15 0.09 0 1.35 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 17 mg 0.0 8 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 17, 24, 25 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 17, 24, 25 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 24, 25 mg 0.0 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 17, 24, 25 mg 0.0 10 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 17, 18, 24, 25, 26 mg 0.9 62 0.19 0.22 7.35 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 31, 32 mg 0.00 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 31, 32 mg 0.00 3 0.01 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 31, 32 mg 0.00 3 0.01 0 0.01 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 27, 28, 29, 30 mg 33.2 20 16.09 2.7 74.02 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 27, 28, 29 mg 20.6 12 7.32 3 31.16 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 28, 29 mg 52.2 9 20.99 5.8 75.7 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 28, 29 mg 30.3 9 15.32 2.1 54.48 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 28, 29 mg 60.5 9 24.81 18.37 98.71 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 4d , 2001  Beltsville MD  
2Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5m , 2001  Beltsville MD  
3Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1991 , 1991  Beltsville MD  
4Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1995    
5Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1996    
6Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1997    
7Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1998    
8Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1999    
9Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1991    
10Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1992    
11Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1989    
12Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1990    
13Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1993    
14Food and Drug Administration (FDA), DHHS FDA Total Diet Study , 1994    
15Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
16S.L. Booth, J.A. Sadowski, J.A. T. Pennington Phylloquinone (Vitamin K) Content of Foods in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study , 1995 Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 43 6   pp.1574-1579
17Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
18Slimestad, R., Vangdal, E., and Brede, C.  Analysis of phenolic compounds in six Norwegian plum cultivars (Prunus domestica L.). , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.11370-11375
19Usenik, V., �tampar, F., and Veberic, R. Anthocyanins and fruit color in plums (Prunus domestica L.) during ripening. , 2009 Food Chemistry 114   pp.529-534
20Wu, X., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., Gebhardt, S. E., and Prior, R. L. Concentrations of anthocyanins in common foods in the United States and estimation of normal consumption. , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.4069-4075
21Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
22de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., & Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C.  Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
23Tsanova-Savova, S., Ribarova, F., and Gerova, M.  (+)-Catechin and (-)-Epicatechin in Bulgarian fruits. , 2005 J. Food Comp. Anal. 18   pp.691-698
24Hertog, M. G. L., Hollman, P. C. H., and Katan, M. B.  Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands. , 1992 J. Agric. Food Chem. 40   pp.2379-2383
25Lugasi, A. and Hovari, J.  Flavonoid aglycons in foods of plant origin II. Fresh and dried fruits. , 2002 Acta Alimentaria 31 1   pp.63-71
26Justesen, U., Knuthsen, P., and Leth, T. Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavonones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection. , 1998 J. Chromatogr. A 799   pp.101-110
27de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
28Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
29Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
30Tomas-Barberan, F.A., Gil, M.I., Cremin, P., Waterhouse, A.L., Hess-Pierce, B., and Kader, A.A. HPLC-DAD-ESIMS analysis of phenolic compounds in nectarines, peaches, and plums , 2001 J. Agric. Food Chem. 49   pp.4748-4760
31Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
32Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331