United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release
Statistics Report:  09037, Avocados, raw, all commercial varieties a 
heading Nutrient Unit Value (100g) Data Points Std. Error Min Max df LB UB # Studies Source NDB Ref Last Modified
Proximates Water 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 g 73.23 40 1.890 64.4 83.8 6.0 68.65 77.8 8 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Energy kcal 160 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Energy kJ 670 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Protein 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 g 2.00 34 0.130 1.53 3 3.0 1.56 2.42 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Total lipid (fat) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 g 14.66 35 0.540 8.4 23.2 4.0 13.15 16.16 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Ash 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 g 1.58 34 0.110 0.82 2.8 3.0 1.2 1.95 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Carbohydrate, by difference g 8.53 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Fiber, total dietary 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 g 6.7 27 0.800 3.2 12.7 6.0 4.5 8.8 8 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Sugars, total 2, 4, 5, 7 g 0.66 12 0.010 0 2.42 2.0 0.58 0.73 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Proximates Sucrose 4, 5, 7 g 0.06 10 0.030 0 0.15 2.0 -0.09 0.22 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Glucose (dextrose) 4, 5, 7 g 0.37 10 0.030 0.06 2.17 2.0 0.26 0.52 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Fructose 4, 5, 7 g 0.12 10 0.010 0.07 0.25 2.0 0.06 0.2 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Lactose 4, 5, 7 g 0.00 10 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2008
Proximates Maltose 4, 5, 7 g 0.00 10 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 07/01/2008
Proximates Galactose 4, 5 g 0.10 8 0.010 0 0.3 3.0 0.06 0.15 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Proximates Starch 4, 5 g 0.11 4 0.000 0.05 0.17 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Calcium, Ca 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 12 29 0.000 8 19 3.0 10.0 14.0 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Iron, Fe 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 0.55 29 0.100 0.14 1.06 3.0 0.21 0.88 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Magnesium, Mg 1, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 29 17 1.000 17 34 2.0 22.0 34.0 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Phosphorus, P 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 52 16 1.000 30 70 2.0 45.0 59.0 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Potassium, K 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 485 29 31.000 219 691 4.0 394.0 575.0 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Sodium, Na 1, 2, 3, 4, 10 mg 7 23 1.000 1 17 2.0 1.0 11.0 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Zinc, Zn 1, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 0.64 17 0.020 0.35 0.83 2.0 0.51 0.76 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Copper, Cu 1, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 0.190 17 0.039 0.09 0.38 2.0 0.033 0.348 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Manganese, Mn 1, 3, 4, 5, 10 mg 0.142 17 0.007 0.07 0.19 2.0 0.116 0.167 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Selenium, Se 4, 5 µg 0.4 5 0.068 0.2 0.6 3.0 0.1 0.6 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Minerals Fluoride, F 11 µg 7.0 9 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 01/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1, 2, 3 mg 10.0 20 0.500 6.3 24.1 1.0 3.5 16.4 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Thiamin 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 0.067 16 0.002 0.01 0.1 2.0 0.056 0.078 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Riboflavin 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 0.130 16 0.008 0.04 0.18 2.0 0.094 0.167 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Niacin 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 1.738 16 0.081 0.36 2.51 2.0 1.391 2.085 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Pantothenic acid 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 1.389 16 0.301 0.61 2.71 2.0 0.093 2.685 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin B-6 1, 3, 4, 5 mg 0.257 15 0.046 0.07 0.45 2.0 0.058 0.456 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Folate, total 1, 2, 3, 4 µg 81 24 10.000 14 155 2.0 36.0 125.0 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 05/01/2004
Vitamins Folic acid µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2001
Vitamins Folate, food µg 81 24 10.000 14 155 2.0 36.0 125.0 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Folate, DFE µg 81 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Vitamins Choline, total 4, 5 mg 14.2 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2006
Vitamins Betaine 4, 5 mg 0.7 2 -- 0.6 0.7 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 12/01/2006
Vitamins Vitamin B-12 µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Vitamins Vitamin B-12, added µg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Vitamin A, RAE 2, 3, 4, 5, 12 µg 7 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Retinol µg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 06/01/2002
Vitamins Carotene, beta 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 12 µg 62 33 7.000 32 140 4.0 40.0 83.0 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Carotene, alpha 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 12 µg 24 31 11.000 0 100 4.0 -7.0 56.0 6 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Cryptoxanthin, beta 2, 3, 4, 5, 12 µg 28 29 16.000 0 120 3.0 -25.0 81.0 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin A, IU 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 12 IU 146 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Lycopene 4, 5 µg 0 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Lutein + zeaxanthin 2, 4, 5 µg 271 16 16.000 170 379 2.0 199.0 342.0 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 mg 2.07 23 0.210 0.66 3.28 4.0 1.47 2.66 5 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 09/01/2004
Vitamins Tocopherol, beta 4, 5, 6 mg 0.05 10 0.009 0.02 0.08 2.0 0.007 0.08 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, gamma 2, 4, 5, 6 mg 0.33 19 0.110 0.09 0.75 3.0 -0.03 0.69 4 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocopherol, delta 4, 5, 6 mg 0.02 10 0.004 0 0.03 2.0 -- 0.03 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocotrienol, alpha 4, 5, 6 mg 0.01 8 0.010 0 0.04 2.0 -0.03 0.06 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocotrienol, beta 4, 5, 6 mg 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocotrienol, gamma 4, 5, 6 mg 0.00 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Tocotrienol, delta 4, 5, 6 mg 0.00 7 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 3 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Vitamins Vitamin D (D2 + D3) µg 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 11/01/2008
Vitamins Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 02/01/2009
Vitamins Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 4, 5 µg 21.0 8 0.700 15.7 27 5.0 19.0 22.9 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total saturated g 2.126 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 02/01/1995
Lipids 8:0 4, 5 g 0.001 7 0.001 0 0.01 2.0 -0.003 0.006 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 10:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 12:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 14:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 15:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 16:0 4, 5 g 2.075 8 0.104 1.73 2.54 6.0 1.82 2.33 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 17:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 18:0 4, 5 g 0.049 8 0.005 0.01 0.08 5.0 0.037 0.062 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 22:0 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 24:0 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 9.799 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 14:1 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 15:1 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 16:1 undifferentiated 4, 5 g 0.698 8 0.039 0.5 0.88 5.0 0.6 0.797 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 17:1 4, 5 g 0.010 8 0.001 0 0.02 3.0 0.005 0.015 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 18:1 undifferentiated 4, 5 g 9.066 8 0.474 7.44 10.89 6.0 7.901 10.23 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:1 4, 5 g 0.025 8 0.002 0.02 0.03 6.0 0.021 0.029 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 22:1 undifferentiated 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 1.816 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:2 undifferentiated 4, 5 g 1.674 8 0.063 1.44 1.97 4.0 1.49 1.859 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 18:3 undifferentiated g 0.125 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Analytical or derived from analytical -- 08/01/2010
Lipids 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) 4 g 0.111 4 0.007 0.1 0.13 3.0 0.089 0.132 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 18:3 n-6 c,c,c 4 g 0.015 4 0.000 0.01 0.01 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 18:4 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:2 n-6 c,c 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:3 undifferentiated 4, 5 g 0.016 8 0.002 0 0.04 3.0 0.009 0.024 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:4 undifferentiated 4, 5 g 0.000 8 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 2 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 20:5 n-3 (EPA) 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 22:5 n-3 (DPA) 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids 22:6 n-3 (DHA) 5 g 0.000 4 0.000 0 0 -- -- -- 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Fatty acids, total trans g 0.000 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 01/01/2017
Lipids Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 08/01/1982
Lipids Stigmasterol 13 mg 2 6 0.000 2 2 5.0 1.0 1.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Campesterol 13 mg 5 6 0.000 5 6 5.0 4.0 5.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Lipids Beta-sitosterol 13 mg 76 6 5.000 62 98 5.0 62.0 90.0 1 Analytical or derived from analytical -- 03/01/2003
Amino Acids Tryptophan g 0.025 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Threonine g 0.073 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Isoleucine g 0.084 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Leucine g 0.143 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Lysine g 0.132 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Methionine g 0.038 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Cystine g 0.027 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Phenylalanine g 0.097 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 08/01/2010
Amino Acids Tyrosine g 0.049 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Valine g 0.107 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Arginine g 0.088 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Histidine g 0.049 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Alanine g 0.109 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Aspartic acid g 0.236 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Glutamic acid g 0.287 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Glycine g 0.104 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Proline g 0.098 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Amino Acids Serine g 0.114 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Calculated or imputed 09038 06/01/2003
Other Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 04/01/1985
Other Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2003
Other Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- Assumed zero -- 03/01/2003
Anthocyanidins Cyanidin 14 mg 0.3 6 0.11 0 0.58 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Petunidin 14 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Delphinidin 14 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Malvidin 14 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Pelargonidin 14 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Anthocyanidins Peonidin 14 mg 0.0 6 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Catechin 14, 15, 16 mg 0.0 14 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 14, 15, 16 mg 0.0 13 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 14, 15, 16 mg 0.4 14 0.07 0 1.11 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate 14, 15, 16 mg 0.0 14 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate 14, 15, 16 mg 0.1 14 0.1 0 1.1 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavan-3-ols (+)-Gallocatechin 14, 15, 16 mg 0.0 14 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Hesperetin 14 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavanones Naringenin 14 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Apigenin 14, 17 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavones Luteolin 14, 17 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Kaempferol 17 mg 0.0 1 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Myricetin 14, 17 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Flavonols Quercetin 14, 17 mg 0.0 7 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Daidzein 21, 22 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Genistein 21, 22 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Isoflavones Total isoflavones 21, 22 mg 0.00 2 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin dimers 18, 19, 20 mg 1.2 12 0.87 0.02 3.28 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin trimers 18, 19, 20 mg 1.1 12 0.79 0 2.6 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers 19, 20 mg 3.4 9 2.01 0 5.79 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers 19, 20 mg 0.5 9 0.7 0 1.96 -- -- -- -- -- --
Proanthocyanidin Proanthocyanidin polymers (>10mers) 19, 20 mg 0.0 9 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --

Sources of Data

1Produce Marketing Association (PMA) Nutrient Content of Avocado , 1989    
2California Avocado Commission California Avocado Commission data for avocados 1993-2001 , 1993    
3University of Georgia, KC Institute GA0001 Nutrient Analysis of Specialty Fruit Marketed in the United States , 1987    
4Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5g , 2001  Beltsville MD  
5Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5j , 2001  Beltsville MD  
6Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA NDL Report Vitamin E 1991 , 1991  Beltsville MD  
7Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Dietary Fiber and Sugars in Commonly Consumed Foods , 1994  Beltsville MD  
8Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA Total dietary fiber in 104 foods , 1992  Beltsville MD  
9National Cancer Institute (NCI), DHHS Total dietary fiber content of selected foods , 1992    
10N.J. Miller-Ihli Atomic absorption and atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of the trace element content of selected fruits consumed in the United States , 1996 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 9 4   pp.301-311
11Robert Ophaug Fluoride, Unpublished - Ophaug ,  Microdiffision   
12University of Maine Determination of alpha- and beta-carotene in fruit and vegetables by HPLC , 1982    
13K.C. Duester Avocado fruit is a rich source of beta-sitosterol , 2001 Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101 4   pp.404-404
14Harnly, J. M., Doherty, R., Beecher, G. R., Holden, J. M., Haytowitz, D. B., and Bhagwat, S., and Gebhardt S.  Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts , 2006 J. Agric. Food Chem. 54   pp.9966-9977
15Arts, I. C. W., van de Putte, B., and Hollman, P. C. H.  Catechin content of foods commonly consumed in the Netherlands. 1. Fruits, vegetables, staple foods and processed foods. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.1746-1751
16de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., & Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C.  Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages. , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
17Sampson, L., Rimm, E., Hollman, P.C.H., de Vries, J.H.M., and Katan, M.B.  Flavonol and flavone intakes in US health professionals , 2002 J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 102 10   pp.1414-1420
18de Pascual-Teresa, S., Santos-Buelga, C., and Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages , 2000 J. Agric. Food Chem. 48   pp.5331-5337
19Gu, L., Kelm, M.A., Hammerstone, J.F., Beecher, G., Holden, J., Haytowitz, D., Gebhardt, S., and Prior, R.L. Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption , 2004 J. Nutr. 134   pp.613-617
20Hellstr�m, T�rr�nen, A.R., and Matilla, P.H. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin , 2009 J. Agric. Food Chem. 57   pp.7899-7906
21Horn-Ross, P. L., Barnes, S., Lee, M., Coward, L., Mandel, E., Koo, J., John, E. M., and Smith, M.  Assesing phytoestrogen exposure in epidemiologic studies: development of a database (United States). , 2000 Cancer Causes and Control 11   pp.289-298
22Liggins, J., Bluck, L. J. C., Runswick, S., Atkinson, C., Coward, W. A., Bingham, S. A.  Daidzein and genistein content of fruits and nuts. , 2000 J. Nutr. Biochem. 11   pp.326-331

Footnotes
a  Based on 86% California and 14% Florida varieties.